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Benthic copepod communities associated with tubeworm and mussel aggregations on the East Pacific Rise ArchiMer
Gollner, S; Zekely, J; Van Dover, C; Govenar, B; Le Bris, Nadine; Nemeschkal, H; Bright, M.
Variability in the structure of the meiobenthic copepod communities was studied among three vent sites on the East Pacific Rise. One of the sites was dominated by the mussel Bathymodiolus thermophilus, and the other two of the sites were dominated by the tubeworm Riftia pachyptila. In addition to the differences in the dominant megafauna, the maximum temperatures were much lower at the mussel-dominated sites, and the temperature to sulfide ratio was different between the tubeworm-dominated sites. A total of 22 vent endemic siphonostomatoid copepod species and 5 harpacticoid copepod species were identified among the three sites. Copepod abundance was low at all sites (< 1 - 31 ind. 10 cm(-2)). Species richness ranged from 6 - 14, Shannon-Wiener diversity...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Community structure; East Pacific Rise; Riftia pachyptila; Bathymodiolus thermophilus; Hydrothermal vent; Meiobenthic copepods.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-3611.pdf
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Determination of reduced sulfur compounds by high-performance liquid chromatography in hydrothermal seawater and body fluids from Riftia pachyptila ArchiMer
Gru, Cecile; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Legoff, Hélène; Narcon, Sandrine; Caprais, Jean-claude; Lallier, Francois.
This paper describes a method for the determination of reduced sulfur compounds in hydrothermal seawater and body fluids from the hydrothermal tube worm Riftia pachyptila. Sulfur is a hey component of the hydrothermal ecosystem based on chemosynthesis, Sulfur compounds were derivatized at pH 8 (4.3 for sulfide in biological fluid) with a fluorescent reagent, monobromobimane, and separated by reverse-phase HPLC. The eluted compounds were detected by spectrofluorimetry. This method allowed: the quantitative analysis of sulfide, sulfite, thiosulfate, cysteine and glutathione in seawater, vascular blood and coelomic fluids from R, pachyptila, The detection limits were in the 0.1 mu mol l(-1) range with a precision lower than 10%, The method has been applied to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sulfide; Sulfite; Thiosulfate; Cysteine; Glutathione; Hydrothermal seawater; Riftia pachyptila; Biological fluids.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00186/29763/28203.pdf
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Epifaunal community structure associated with Riftia pachyptila aggregations in chemically different hydrothermal vent habitats ArchiMer
Govenar, B; Le Bris, Nadine; Gollner, S; Glanville, J; Aperghis, A; Hourdez, S; Fisher, C.
The vestimentiferan tubeworm Riftia pachyptila (Polychaeta: Sibloglinidae) often dominates early succession stages and high productivity habitats at low-temperature hydrothermal vents on the East Pacific Rise. We collected 8 aggregations of R. pachyptila and the associated epifaunal community at 2 discrete sites of diffuse hydrothermal activity, in December 2001 and December 2002. Because of the high spatial and temporal variability of the biotic and abiotic factors related to hydrothermal vent activity, significant differences in the structure and the composition of the community were expected to occur at the scale of either 1 yr or 500 m distance between very different sites. There was no significant difference in the temperature ranges of the diffuse...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Benthos; Epifauna; Community structure; Riftia pachyptila; East Pacific Rise; Hydrothermal vent.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-3617.pdf
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Is temperature a good proxy for sulfide in hydrothermal vent habitats? ArchiMer
Le Bris, Nadine; Rodier, Philippe; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Le Gall, Christian.
On the basis of previous studies at 9 degrees N and 13 degrees N East Pacific Rise (EPR) fields, we discuss the general assumption that temperature is a proxy for sulfide in vent fauna habitat. The main conclusion of these works is illustrated here through selected examples. In situ measurements were used to assess the variability of chemical parameters as function of temperature at the scale of fauna aggregations. Over a single vent site, aggregations of mussels or Riftia pachyptila discretely distributed around diffuse vents exhibit, in first assumption, similar sulfide-temperature correlation. In contrast, sulfide is much higher, for a given temperature, in the habitat of alvinellids than in neighboring habitats of Riftia pachyptila. Some consistency in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alvinellids; Riftia pachyptila; Mussel beds; Temperature; Sulfide; Hydrothermal vent.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-3609.pdf
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Nematode communities associated with tubeworm and mussel aggregations on the East Pacific Rise ArchiMer
Zekely, J; Gollner, S; Van Dover, C; Govenar, B; Le Bris, Nadine; Nemeschkal, H; Bright, M.
The meiobenthic nematode community of three different vent sites at the East Pacific Rise was studied in order to determine whether the abundance, species richness, diversity and trophic structure were similar. The sites Tica and Riftia Field were dominated by the tubeworm, Riftia pachyptila, and the Buckfield site was dominated by the mussel Bathymodiolus thermophilus. The nematode communities of all three sites were low in abundance (< 1 up to 46 ind. 10 cm(-2)), except one sample from Tica with almost 1000 ind. 10 cm(-2). The communities at all sites consisted entirely of primary consumers, mostly deposit feeders. Species richness and Shannon-Wiener diversity indices were low and similar at both tubeworm sites and slightly but significantly higher at...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: East Pacific Rise; Bathymodiolus thermophilus; Riftia pachyptila; Nematodes; Meiobenthos; Hydrothermal vent.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-3608.pdf
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Tubeworm-associated permanent meiobenthic communities from two chemically different hydrothermal vent sites on the East Pacific Rise ArchiMer
Gollner, Sabine; Zekely, Julia; Govenar, Breea; Le Bris, Nadine; Nemeschkal, Hans L.; Fisher, Charles R.; Bright, Monika.
The permanent meiobenthic community associated with aggregations of the tubeworm Riftia pachyptila was characterized at 2 different hydrothermal vent sites, Tica and Riftia Field, on the East Pacific Rise near 9 degrees 50'N. The maximum effluent temperatures were similar at both sites, but the chemistry of the hydrothermal fluids differed between sites. The abundance of meiobenthos was very low in 5 out of 6 samples (<61 ind. 10 cm(-2)) and was higher at Tica (20 to 976 ind. 10 cm(-2)) than at Riftia Field (< 1 to 12 ind. 10 cm(-2)). Meiobenthos abundance was positively correlated with the volume of sediment within the tubeworm aggregations. Sediment consisted mainly of particulate organic material and contained only a few mineral grains. A total of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Riftia pachyptila; Community study; Copepods; Nematodes; East Pacific Rise; Hydrothermal vent; Meiofauna; Meiobenthos.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2623.pdf
Registros recuperados: 6
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