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Adaptive Co-management Networks: a Comparative Analysis of Two Fishery Conservation Areas in Sweden Ecology and Society
Rova, Carl; Division of Social Science/Political Science Unit, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden; carl.rova@ltu.se.
Co-management constitutes a certain type of institutional arrangement that has gained increased attention among both policy makers and researchers involved in the field of natural resource management. Yet the concept of co-management is broad, and our knowledge about how different kinds of management structures affect the ability to deal with challenges pertinent to the commons is limited. One of these challenges is to foster an adaptive management process, i.e., a process in which rules are continuously revised and changed according to what is known about the ecological system. We aim to address the relationship between different kinds of co-management structures and adaptive management. To this end, we conducted a comparative case study of two Fishery...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Co-management; Governance; Natural resource management; Social networks; Social network analysis; SNA.
Ano: 2010
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Analysis of public policies: implementation for environmental management in Brazil: the contribution of social network theory. Repositório Alice
GIGLIO, E.; LUIZ, A. J. B.; NAJBERG, E..
Abstract: The paper discusses the implementation of agro-environmental policies in municipalities through concepts of social networks, and proposes a model to do research in the area. The basic assertion is that development, success, or problems of technical actions of implementation are directly influenced by social relationships among actors involved in the task. The article tries to reach two objectives. The first is the application of social network theory to public policies, which is unusual in the literature. The second, as a result, is to present a tool specifically designed to investigate the validity of assumptions that has been tested in four Brazilian municipalities, showing applicability and an ability to generate data for questions about...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Agro-environment; Methodological tool; Manejo agroambiental; Gestã ambiental; Políticas públicas; Política ambiental; Zona rural; Social networks; Public policy; Rural areas.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/943330
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As relações sociais como fatores determinantes na rede de implementação de políticas ambientais rurais: investigação a partir de alguns municípios do Estado de São Paulo. Repositório Alice
GIGLIO, E.; LUIZ, A. J. B.; NAJBERG, E..
Este artigo analisa o estabelecimento das políticas ambientais rurais dos municípios a partir do paradigma da sociedade em rede e dos conceitos de teorias sociais de redes e propõe um modelo para pesquisas na área. A proposição básica é que o desenvolvimento, o sucesso e os problemas das decisões e ações de implementação são diretamente influenciados pelas relações sociais dos atores envolvidos nas tarefas. A pesquisa caracteriza-se como qualitativa e interpretativa, a partir de documentos e entrevistas. Os dados foram coletados e interpretados utilizando-se as regras de análise de conteúdo. Os sujeitos são atores do governo e da sociedade civil e foram realizadas 15 entrevistas. O trabalho chegou a três resultados. O primeiro foi a sustentação da...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Sociedade em rede; Relações sociais nas redes; Políticas ambientais rurais; Metodologia; Política ambiental; Zona rural; Políticas públicas; Environmental policy; Rural areas; Social networks; Public policy.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/976444
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Brazilian chicken meat production chain: a 10-year overview. Repositório Alice
NÄÄS, I. A.; MOLLO NETO, M.; CANUTO, S. A.; WAKER, R.; OLIVEIRA, D. R. M. S.; VENDRAMETTO, O..
Brazil is the world's largest broiler meat exporter. Health control, knowledge and technology, as well as the natural aspects of the country are pointed out as the keys for the success of that product in the market. Brazilian broiler production grew significantly in the last decade; it creates jobs and has a significant social role in Brazilian economy. This study aimed at evaluating the Brazilian broiler meat supply chain from 2000 to 2010 using the social network analysis (SNA). Data from governmental and private sources were organized and analyzed. The focus of this study was the broiler production supply chain segment involving the hatchery, the broiler farm, the feed mill, the processing plant, and the government. The inputs considered were...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Redes sociais; Mercado de carne; Cadeia de produção do frango; Broiler meat supply chain; Social network analysis; Frango; Broiler chickens; Social networks.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1034965
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Competing Structure, Competing Views: The Role of Formal and Informal Social Structures in Shaping Stakeholder Perceptions Ecology and Society
Prell, Christina; University of Sheffield; c.prell@sheffield.ac.uk; Reed, Mark; Aberdeen Centre for Environmental Sustainability and Centre for Planning and Environmental Management School of Geosciences, University of Aberdeen ; m.reed@abdn.ac.uk; Racin, Liat; Department of Geography, King's College London ; Liat.Racin@kcl.ac.uk; Hubacek, Klaus; Department of Geography, University of Maryland; Hubacek@umd.edu.
What is social structure, and how does it influence the views and behaviors of land managers? In this paper, we unpack the term "social structure" in the context of current research on institutions, social networks, and their role(s) in resource management. We identify two different kinds of structure, formal and informal, and explore how these link to views of land management and management practice. Formal structures refer to intentionally designed organizations that arise out of larger institutional arrangements; informal ones refer to social networks, based on the communication contacts individuals possess. Our findings show significant correlations between respondents' views regarding land management and their social networks; it is these informal...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Formal organizations; Homophily; Institutions; Land management; Social networks; Social network analysis; Social structure; Stakeholder perceptions.
Ano: 2010
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Comunicação de organizações públicas no twitter. Repositório Alice
NASCIMENTO, L. L. do.
Globalização e tecnologias digitais de comunicação. Redes sociais: a cultura como pano de fundo. Redes sociais: sobre o twitter. Relacionamento simétrico ou assimétrico das organizações.
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Redes sociais; Comunicação; Social networks.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/941554
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Empowerment through technology: Gender dimensions of social capital build-up in Maharashtra, India AgEcon
Padmaja, Ravula; Bantilan, Ma Cynthia S..
This paper explores how and to what extent women and men have benefited from the build-up of social capital in technology uptake, and the role of women in this process. Using a case study on Groundnut Production Technology (GPT) in Maharashtra, India, a systematic documentation of the process by which farmers – both men and women - as well as the whole community became empowered through the build-up of social capital is presented. The focus of the paper is on collective action as a mechanism to stimulate gender-equitable change processes. Our evidence suggests that the technology uptake process was enhanced with the build up of social capital, whereby men and women from all class and caste groups came together for improving their livelihoods. Collective...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Social capital build-up; Gender; Impact; Social networks; Empowerment.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47666
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Enhancing the Fit through Adaptive Co-management: Creating and Maintaining Bridging Functions for Matching Scales in the Kristianstads Vattenrike Biosphere Reserve, Sweden Ecology and Society
Olsson, Per; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; per@ctm.su.se; Folke, Carl; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences; calle@system.ecology.su.se; Galaz, Victor; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; victor@ctm.su.se; Hahn, Thomas; Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University; hahn@ctm.su.se; Schultz, Lisen; Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University; lisen@ecology.su.se.
In this article, we focus on adaptive governance of social–ecological systems (SES) and, more specifically, on social factors that can enhance the fit between governance systems and ecosystems. The challenge lies in matching multilevel governance system, often characterized by fragmented organizational and institutional structures and compartmentalized and sectorized decision-making processes, with ecosystems characterized by complex interactions in time and space. The ability to create the right links, at the right time, around the right issues in multilevel governance systems is crucial for fostering responses that build social–ecological resilience and maintain the capacity of complex and dynamic ecosystems to generate services for...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive co-management; Adaptive governance; Cross-level links; Cross-scale interactions; Ecosystem management; Resilience; Social– Ecological systems; Social networks.
Ano: 2007
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How Change Agents and Social Capital Influence the Adoption of Innovations among Small Farmers: Evidence from Social Networks in Rural Bolivia AgEcon
Monge, Mario; Hartwich, Frank; Halgin, Daniel.
This paper presents results from a study that identified patterns of social interaction among small farmers in three agricultural subsectors in Bolivia—fish culture, peanut production, and quinoa production—and analyzed how social interaction influences farmers’ behavior toward the adoption of pro-poor innovations. Twelve microregions were identified, four in each subsector, setting the terrain for an analysis of parts of social networks that deal with the diffusion of specific sets of innovations. Three hundred sixty farmers involved in theses networks as well as 60 change agents and other actors promoting directly or indirectly the diffusion of innovations were interviewed about the interactions they maintain with other agents in the network and the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Social networks; Agricultural innovation; Change agent; Social capital; Bolivia; Farm Management; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42330
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Idle Chatter or Learning? Evidence from Rural Tanzania of Social Learning about Clinicians and the Health System AgEcon
Adelman, Sarah W.; Essam, Timothy M.; Leonard, Kenneth L..
We examine data from rural Arusha region in Tanzania in which households are asked to recall the illness episodes of randomly chosen other households in their village. We analyze the probability that a household would be able to recall another illness episode as a function of the characteristics of the illness, the location and type of health care chosen and the outcome experienced. Households are more likely to recall severe illnesses and illnesses for which good quality care is important, illnesses that resulted in visits to hospitals or when the patient was not cured. In addition, households are more likely to recall illnesses that resulted in a visit to a facility where the average tenure of clinicians is less than two years old. The results are...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Learning; Health care; Trust; Social networks; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Health Economics and Policy; I1; O1; O2.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42884
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Increased Market Integration, Value, and Ecological Knowledge of Tea Agroforests in the Akha Highlands of Southwest China Ecology and Society
Ahmed, Selena; New York Botanical Garden; selenaahmed@aol.com; Stepp, John R; University of Florida; stepp@ufl.edu; Toleno, Robban A. J.; University of British Columbia; robban@interchange.ubc.ca; Peters, Charles M; New York Botanical Garden; cpeters@nybg.org.
This study assesses the persistence and change of traditional land use patterns and ecological knowledge in response to expanded commercialization of tea (Camellia sinensis var. assamica (L.) Kuntze Theaceae in an indigenous Akha (Hani) community in the midlevel montane forests of southwest Yunnan, China. Surveys were conducted in 2005 and 2008, over a period corresponding to a regional tea market boom and bust cycle, to compare the valuation smallholders attribute to land use types and to determine the role that value systems play in shaping environmental behavior and knowledge. At the community level, increased market integration of tea agroforests is associated with reconfiguration of land use, intensified management, reorganization of labor structures,...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Ecological knowledge; Land use; Natural resource commercialization; Social networks; Tea (Camellia sinensis).
Ano: 2010
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Informal Insurance in the Presence of Poverty Traps: Evidence from Southern Ethiopia AgEcon
Santos, Paulo; Barrett, Christopher B..
Fieldwork for this paper was conducted under the Pastoral Risk Management (PARIMA) project of the Global Livestock Collaborative Research Support Program (GL CRSP), funded by the Office of Agriculture and Food Security, Global Bureau, USAID, under grant number DAN-1328-G-00-0046-00, and analysis was underwritten by the USAID SAGA cooperative agreement, grant number HFM-A-00-01-00132-00. Financial support was also provided by the Social Science Research Council's Program in Applied Economics on Risk and Development (through a grant from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation), The Pew Charitable Trusts (through the Christian Scholars Program of the University of Notre Dame), the Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (Portugal), and the Graduate...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Risk; Informal insurance; Social networks; Poverty traps; Ethiopia; Risk and Uncertainty; Z13; I3; O13.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25487
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Innovación tecnológica en la producción de jitomate (Lycopersicon esculentum) en invernadero por productores de milpa tradicional en Santo Domingo Teojomulco y San Jacinto Tlacotepec, Oaxaca. Colegio de Postgraduados
Ortíz Jiménez, Bersaín.
La tesis comprende el estudio de unidades familiares que producen jitomate en invernadero y realizan actividades productivas de autoconsumo como lo es la milpa. Se realiza el análisis del grado de adopción de innovación tecnológica en la producción de jitomate en invernadero y los flujos de conocimiento sobre tecnología entre los productores; también se analiza la productividad y sustentabilidad de los sistemas agrícolas de la unidad familiar. El índice de adopción (InAI), se obtiene a través del análisis de variables latente de los componentes tecnológicos, comparando el antes y después del proceso del método de las escuelas de campo para la difusión de tecnología; con el método de redes sociales se observa el flujo de conocimiento y relaciones de cada...
Palavras-chave: Adopción de innovación tecnológica; Redes sociales; Sistemas agrícolas; Productividad; Sustentabilidad; Estudios del Desarrollo Rural; Doctorado; Adoption of technological innovation; Social networks; Agricultural systems; Productivity; Sustainability.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/1787
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Innovation Trajectories in Honduras’ Coffee Value Chain. Public and Private Influence on the Use of New Knowledge and Technology among Coffee Growers AgEcon
Hartwich, Frank; Fromm, Ingrid; Romero, Gustavo.
In this paper, results from a study on the use of improved coffee production technology schemes among smallholder coffee producers in three prominent coffee producing regions in Honduras are presented. The impact of various schemes (trajectories) in which different agents influence the producers’ decision to use new technologies was analyzed. In particular, there are differences in the influence of a) private coffee buying organizations and b) government and public development agencies on the innovation behavior of coffee growers. Drawing from network data that depict the internal and outbound connectedness of producers in three village communities in main coffee producing zones in Honduras, tools of social network analysis were applied to find out how...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Coffee production; Innovation; Upgrading; Social networks; Honduras; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Production Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97027
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Innovation Trajectories in Honduras’ Coffee Value Chain? ‐ Public and the Private Influence on the Use of new Knowledge and Technology among Coffee Growers ‐ AgEcon
Fromm, Ingrid; Hartwich, Frank; Romero, Gustavo.
In this paper we present results from a study on the use of improved coffee production technology schemes among smallholder coffee producers in three prominent coffee producing regions in Honduras. We analyze the impact of various schemes (trajectories) in which different agents influence the producers’ decision to use new technologies. In particular, we distinguish the influence of a) private coffee buying organizations and b) government and public development agencies on the innovation behavior of coffee growers. Drawing from network data that depict the internal and outbound connectedness of producers in three village communities in main coffee producing zones in Honduras, we applied tools of social network analysis to find out how interactions with...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Coffee production; Innovation; Upgrading; Social networks; Honduras; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Production Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100475
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IT for more effective team collaboration AgEcon
Havlicek, Zdenek; Vanek, Jiri; Lohr, Vaclav; Cervenkova, Eva.
ICT bring new possibilities in support of team cooperation, above all in creation and sharing of common content. On base of comparison of various systems for support of the cooperation it was found out that some systems purposefully solve a flow of time planning in a firm environment (e.g. Novell GroupWise), others supports in various way a cooperation in common contents space (discussion groups, Wiki, WCMS). Changes in approach to cooperation management appear in the social network. A substantial phenomenon of the present systems for cooperation support is their virtuality. The common space is „somewhere“ and a user can share (use) it from anywhere, if he/she is connected to the internet. An example still more often used is Google Apps.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Collaborative software; Groupware; GroupWise; Moodle Forums; Wiki; CMS; Social networks; Google docs; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; GA; IN.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96860
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La acción colectiva rural y dinámica reticular de los actores sociales en el altiplano poblano. Un estudio de caso. Colegio de Postgraduados
Lugo Morín, Diosey Ramón.
Esta investigación tiene como objetivo estudiar la acción colectiva a través de redes sociales propiciadas por los actores sociales del sistema hortícola del municipio de Acatzingo como mecanismo que interviene en el acceso a la renta que genera el sistema e incide en la dinámica productiva de los pequeños productores hortícolas. El estudio analizó ampliamente al sistema productivo hortícola del municipio de Acatzingo y sus actores sociales. El análisis valoró la organización del sistema y las relaciones que establecen los actores a su interior. Las consideraciones previas muestran que los actores sociales establecen relaciones de negociación, cooperación, subordinación, confianza, parentesco y conflicto en una atmósfera de arreglos, intereses y...
Palavras-chave: Acción colectiva rural; Redes sociales; Actores sociales; Horticultura; Desarrollo Rural; Acatzingo; Rural collective action; Social networks; Social actors; Horticulture; Rural development; Doctorado; Estrategias para el Desarrollo Agrícola Regional; EDAR.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/195
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La acción colectiva rural y dinámica reticular de los actores sociales en el altiplano poblano. Un estudio de caso. Colegio de Postgraduados
Lugo Morín, Diosey Ramón.
Esta investigación tiene como objetivo estudiar la acción colectiva a través de redes sociales propiciadas por los actores sociales del sistema hortícola del municipio de Acatzingo como mecanismo que interviene en el acceso a la renta que genera el sistema e incide en la dinámica productiva de los pequeños productores hortícolas. El estudio analizó ampliamente al sistema productivo hortícola del municipio de Acatzingo y sus actores sociales. El análisis valoró la organización del sistema y las relaciones que establecen los actores a su interior. Las consideraciones previas muestran que los actores sociales establecen relaciones de negociación, cooperación, subordinación, confianza, parentesco y conflicto en una atmósfera de arreglos, intereses y...
Palavras-chave: Acción colectiva rural; Redes sociales; Actores sociales; Horticultura; Desarrollo Rural; Acatzingo; Rural collective action; Social networks; Social actors; Horticulture; Rural development; Doctorado; Estrategias para el Desarrollo Agrícola Regional; EDAR.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/195
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La importancia de la federación zacatecana en la promoción del bilinguismo en la migración transnacional Colegio de Postgraduados
Juárez Gómez, Olga.
En la presente tesis se muestran resultados obtenidos sobre la migración de un grupo transnacional en el proceso de adaptación e integración de sus miembros, ya que la migración transnacional es un fenómeno que ha retomado gran importancia a nivel mundial, y ha sido un medio para el desarrollo de comunidades rurales, como es el caso del estado mexicano de Zacatecas, porque este estado, entre otros, es de los principales expulsores de emigrantes masculinos desde el siglo veinte, y femeninos en la actualidad. Esto ha permitido que est@s emigrantes se organicen en clubes y federaciones como la Federación de Clubes Zacatecanos en el Sur de California. Sus integrantes han tenido que adoptar, usar y dominar el idioma inglés como un medio en el proceso de...
Palavras-chave: Bilingüismo; Redes sociales; Migración transnacional; Integración; Adaptación Bilingualism; Social networks; Transnational migration; Integration; Adaptation.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/834
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La importancia de la federación zacatecana en la promoción del bilinguismo en la migración transnacional Colegio de Postgraduados
Juárez Gómez, Olga.
En la presente tesis se muestran resultados obtenidos sobre la migración de un grupo transnacional en el proceso de adaptación e integración de sus miembros, ya que la migración transnacional es un fenómeno que ha retomado gran importancia a nivel mundial, y ha sido un medio para el desarrollo de comunidades rurales, como es el caso del estado mexicano de Zacatecas, porque este estado, entre otros, es de los principales expulsores de emigrantes masculinos desde el siglo veinte, y femeninos en la actualidad. Esto ha permitido que est@s emigrantes se organicen en clubes y federaciones como la Federación de Clubes Zacatecanos en el Sur de California. Sus integrantes han tenido que adoptar, usar y dominar el idioma inglés como un medio en el proceso de...
Palavras-chave: Bilingüismo; Redes sociales; Migración transnacional; Integración; Adaptación Bilingualism; Social networks; Transnational migration; Integration; Adaptation.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/879
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