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How Multilevel Societal Learning Processes Facilitate Transformative Change: A Comparative Case Study Analysis on Flood Management Ecology and Society
Becker, Gert; Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University Amsterdam; gert.becker@ivm.vu.nl; Sendzimir, Jan; International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis; sendzim@iiasa.ac.at.
Sustainable resources management requires a major transformation of existing resource governance and management systems. These have evolved over a long time under an unsustainable management paradigm, e.g., the transformation from the traditionally prevailing technocratic flood protection toward the holistic integrated flood management approach. We analyzed such transformative changes using three case studies in Europe with a long history of severe flooding: the Hungarian Tisza and the German and Dutch Rhine. A framework based on societal learning and on an evolutionary understanding of societal change was applied to identify drivers and barriers for change. Results confirmed the importance of informal learning and actor networks and their connection to...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptive management; Comparative analysis; Integrated flood protection; Rhine; Societal learning; Tisza; Transformative change; Water governance.
Ano: 2013
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Practices and Lessons Learned in Coping with Climatic Hazards at the River-Basin Scale: Floods and Droughts Ecology and Society
Krysanova, Valentina; Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research; krysanova@pik-potsdam.de; Buiteveld, Hendrik; Center for Water Management; h.buiteveld@riza.rws.minvenw.nl; Haase, Dagmar; UFZ - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research; dagmar.haase@ufz.de; Hattermann, Fred F; Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research; hattermann@pik-potsdam.de; van Niekerk, Kate; Institute of Natural Resources; VanNiekerk@ukzn.ac.za; Roest, Koen; Alterra - Wageningen University and Research Centre; Koen.Roest@wur.nl.
Climatic hazards such as floods and droughts have always been a primary matter of concern for human populations. Severe floods damage settlements, transport networks, and arable land. Although devastating droughts are harmful primarily for agriculture and terrestrial ecosystems, they can also lead to local water supply shortages. Despite significant achievements in science and technology and success stories in environmental management in the 20th century, people still continue to suffer the consequences of climate hazards worldwide. This paper provides an overview of existing practices for coping with floods and droughts, compares strategies in different river basins, and outlines the areas that need improvement. First, the existing protection measures and...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Amudarya; Climate change; Climatic hazards; Coping strategy; Drought; Elbe; Flood; Guadiana; Nile; Orange; Rhine; Tisza; Water resources management.
Ano: 2008
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