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TWO ESSAYS ON COUNTRY LIFE IN 20TH CENTURY AMERICA AgEcon
Wunderlich, Gene.
The two brief essays that follow describe: 1) the American Country Life Association's mission and legacy; 2) a mid-century effort to create a new Country Life Commission. Titles: Theodore Roosevelt's Country Life Commission and the American Country Life Association, by Gene Wunderlich; Teddy Roosevelt's Silent Echo: The Second Country Life Commission, by Gene Wunderlich;
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20178
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A NOTE ON THE COMPARATIVE COST OF LIVING IN SYDNEY AND COUNTRY TOWNS IN NEW SOUTH WALES AgEcon
Davidson, Bruce Robinson; Tierman, M.F..
A comparison between the cost of living of average wage earners in Sydney and nineteen country towns in New South Wales was carried out in 1974, assuming that expenditure on items of goods and services was distributed in the same proportion as in the Consumer Price Index in both country towns and the city. Housing, which was cheaper in the country, was the only group of major consumer expenditure where a significant difference between city and country town costs could be detected. The differences between the costs of food, clothing, services and miscellaneous items of expenditure in the city and
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 1975 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9188
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kountry: A Stata utility for merging cross-country data from multiple sources AgEcon
Raciborski, Rafal.
This article describes kountry, a data-management command that can be used to translate one country-coding scheme into another, to recode country names into a “standardized form”, and to generate geographic-region variables. Users can build a custom dictionary through a helper command, kountryadd, that “teaches” kountry new name variations. The dictionary can be protected from an accidental overwriting through two helper commands: kountrybackup and kountryrestore.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Kountry; Kountryadd; Kountrybackup; Kountryrestore; Country names; Country-coding schemes; Geographical; Region; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122601
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Targeted and Global Export Subsidies and Welfare Impacts AgEcon
Bohman, Mary; Carter, Colin A.; Dorfman, Jeffrey H..
A three-country model of export subsidies is developed with an exporter, an importer, and a third country, representing the rest of the world, that can act on either side of the market. The welfare effect of an export subsidy targeted toward one importing country is shown to depend on whether the third country is an exporter or an importer, the market shares, and demand elasticities. The possibility of the paradoxical result that the targeted country can lose welfare as a result of receiving a subsidy is demonstrated to exist, and conditions are derived that determine when this result...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51251
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Beyond the Home Market Effect: Market Size and Specialization in a Multi-Country World AgEcon
Behrens, Kristian; Lamorgese, Andrea R.; Ottaviano, Gianmarco I.P.; Tabuchi, Takatoshi.
The standard two-country model of international trade with monopolistic competition predicts a more-than-proportional relationship between a country’s share of world production of a good and its share of world demand for that same good, a result known as the “home market effect”. We first show that this prediction does not generally carry through to the multi-country case, as production patterns are crucially affected by third country effects. We then derive an alternative prediction that holds whatever the number of countries considered. This new prediction takes into account important features of the real world such as...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Comparative Advantage; Home Market Effect; Hub Effect; International Trade; Monopolistic Competition; Multi-country Models; International Relations/Trade; F12; R12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56212
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Civil war in a globalized world: diplomacy and trade Inra
Couttenier, M.; Soubeyran, R.; INRA, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (FRA).
We consider the impact of diplomatic intervention in civil wars on international trade. Using a large data set over the period 1948-2005, we obtain two striking results: (i) diplomatic intervention has a positive effect on trade for the country in which the civil war occurs (target country); and (ii) bilateral trade between the target and intervening country does not increase more than trade between the target country and the other countries. We argue that intervention induces an enhancement of trade-promoting capital in the target country and show that diplomatic intervention has a...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: CIVIL WAR; TRADE; THIRD PARTY INTERVENTION; TRADE COST.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD201136548169&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/03/
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International Differences in Consumer Preferences for Food Country-of-Origin: A Meta-Analysis AgEcon
Ehmke, Mariah D..
Over the last ten years, a large number of country-of-origin studies have been conducted as a result of new country-of-origin legislation in the United States and European Union. Many literature reviews in recent studies make observation and predictions based on this literature. This meta-analysis uses 13 country-of-origin studies with 27 consumer willingness-to-pay estimates to determine significant trends in the country-of-origin literature. Findings indicate consumers’' value of country-of-origin depends on the number of other credence attributes included in product descriptions and the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21193
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Analysis of OFF research topics in CORE Organic participating countries Organic Eprints
Nykänen, Arja; Canali, Stefano.
This analysis of OFF research in the participating countries of CORE Organic is based on titles of projects running during the time period 2000-2007, with some variation from country to country. Lists of project titles were taken from country reports.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/13539/1/tutkimusaiheet.pdf
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Germany. Country Report Organic Eprints
Schaack, Diana; Willer, Helga.
Country report about organic farming in Germany (data 2012, developments 2013/2014)
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Germany.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/25572/1/schaack-willer-2014-germany.pdf
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TRACEABILITY AND COUNTRY OF ORIGIN LABELLING AgEcon
Hobbs, Jill E..
Country of origin labelling (COOL) on food products is controversial. There is disagreement over whether consumers value information on country of origin intrinsically or as a quality or a safety signal. The debate becomes more heated when country of origin labelling is mandated by regulation, with fears that the regulation is driven by producer rather than consumer interests. Country of origin labelling has implications for traceability systems in agrifood supply chains. The ability to provide consumers with information on the country of origin requires a basic level of traceability,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16813
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Policy Repercussions of "The New Economics of the Brain Drain" AgEcon
Stark, Oded.
In this paper I delineate novel policy repercussions suggested by my research on “The New Economics of the Brain Drain.” In section 1, I provide a succinct account of the model that inspires the derivation of several new policy implications. In sections 2 through 5, I present the policy implications. I address the following questions: When and how can migration to a country substitute for educational subsidies in that country? Who should be admitted when the receiving country cares about the wellbeing of the unskilled workers who stay behind in the sending country? How and why the incentives to form human capital in the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: The New Economics of the Brain Drain; Policy formation; Labor and Human Capital; Political Economy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98003
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Structural Changes in Food Retailing: Six Country Case Studies AgEcon
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100443
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Trafficking in persons global patterns Buscador Latinoamericano
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).
Human trafficking is widespread - data taken from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Database on Human Trafficking Trends document the trafficking of human beings from 127 countries to be exploited in 137 countries. Even though all human trafficking cases have their individual characteristics, most follow the same pattern: people are abducted or recruited in the country of origin, transferred through transit regions and then exploited in the destination country. If, at some stage, the exploitation of the victim is interrupted or ended, they can be rescued as victims of trafficking in persons and it is possible they might receive support in the
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: TRATA DE PERSONAS; VIOLACIONES DE DERECHOS HUMANOS.
URL: http://www.flacso.org.ec/biblio/shared/biblio_view.php?bibid=139279&tab=opac&oai:flacso.org.ec:139279
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Attitudes towards foreign products and welfare with capital mobility Inra
Callois, J.M.; Gaigné, C.; INRA, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (FRA).
We develop a model of trade with imperfect competition to study the welfare implications in developing and developed countries of the asymmetry in attitudes towards foreign products. In the developed country, consumers benefit from a better perception of foreign products while the rental rate of capital declines as long as the location of capital remains unchanged. However, when capital is mobile, the developing country hosts more and more capital at the expense of the developed country as perception of varieties produced in the developed country improves and the surplus of consumers in the developed
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: PRODUCT OF ORIGIN; CAPITAL LOCATION; CONSUMER SURPLUS.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2011c5099672&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/06/
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Euromediterranean agreements: which advantages for Mediterranean countries in fruit and vegetables sector? AgEcon
Emlinger, Charlotte; Chevassus-Lozza, Emmanuelle; Jacquet, Florence.
This article measures the advantage granted by the European Union to different Mediterranean countries in the fruit and vegetables sector in the framework of the Euro-Mediterranean Association Agreements. The advantage of each country are evaluated by calculating the value of the preferential margins, which compares the amount of the customs duties paid by an exporting country with the amount of the duties this country would have paid if it had not enjoyed tariff preferences. The situation of the Mediterranean countries appears to be highly unequal in terms of the advantages granted by the EU in the fruit and vegetables sector. The progress of bilateral...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Euromediterranean agreements; Preferential margin; Fruit and vegetables; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44061
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COUNTRY OF ORIGIN AS A BRAND: THE CASE OF NEW ZEALAND LAMB AgEcon
Clemens, Roxanne; Babcock, Bruce A..
New Zealand has used country-of-origin labeling (COOL) as a "“country brand”" to differentiate New Zealand lamb in international markets and increase consumer awareness of this lamb as a high-quality imported product. The case of New Zealand lamb is especially interesting as an unsubsidized commodity product competing against subsidized lamb in some of the most competitive and sophisticated retail markets in the world. Given New Zealand’'s dependence on international markets, producers, processors, and exporters needed to develop strategies to create and maintain a strong positive image for their product. This paper explores the history of New Zealand lamb exports, the focus on quality and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Brand story; COOL; Country brand; Country of origin labeling; Lamb; Lamb exports; New Zealand; Marketing; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18710
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Garment Industry and Economic Empowerment: A case study of Swaziland AgEcon
Panin, Anthony; Mthombo, Thabile T..
This paper examines the extent to which garment industry in Swaziland has contributed to the economic empowerment of the Swazi people through creation of new jobs and improvement in their overall welfare. In Swaziland as elsewhere in many African countries, unemployment has been and is still a major constraint to the country’s sluggish economic growth. In response to the unemployment situation in the country, Swaziland Investment Promotion Authority (SIPA) was established in 1977 under the Ministry of Enterprise and Employment with the main aim of attracting, encouraging, promoting, and facilitating both local Foreign Direct Investments (FDIs) in the
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Economic Empowerment; Garment; Investors; Swaziland; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Financial Economics; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Marketing; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52106
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Groundwater Quality: Ghana OceanDocs
This is one of a series of information sheets prepared for each country in which WaterAid works. The sheetsaim to identify inorganic constituents of significant risk to health that may occur in groundwater in thecountry in question. The purpose of the sheets is to provide guidance to WaterAid Country Office staff ontargeting efforts on water-quality testing and to encourage further thinking in the organisation on waterqualityissues.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Groundwater pollution; Water quality; Groundwater assessment; Http://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_9000073.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/706
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CORE Organic country report. Preliminary report on Danish research in organic food and farming Organic Eprints
Andreasen, Information manager Claus Bo.
The aim of the country report is to present an overview of Danish research in organic food and farming. The overview includes descriptions of History, Organisation , Research programmes, Financing, Research facilities, Initiation of research and stakeholder engagement, Selection criteria and evaluation procedures, Utilisation of research, Scientific education & research schools
Tipo: Working paper Palavras-chave: Knowledge management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/5341/1/countryreport_DK.pdf
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TANZANIA AgEcon
Beintema, Nienke M.; Ngahulira, Thomas; Kirway, Timothy.
This country brief reviews the major investment and institutional trends in Tanzanian public agricultural research since the early 1990s using new survey data collected under the Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI) initiative (IFPRI–ISNAR–ASARECA 2001–02).
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16192
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