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TWO ESSAYS ON COUNTRY LIFE IN 20TH CENTURY AMERICA AgEcon
Wunderlich, Gene.
The two brief essays that follow describe: 1) the American Country Life Association's mission and legacy; 2) a mid-century effort to create a new Country Life Commission. Titles: Theodore Roosevelt's Country Life Commission and the American Country Life Association, by Gene Wunderlich; Teddy Roosevelt's Silent Echo: The Second Country Life Commission, by Gene Wunderlich;
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20178
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TRACEABILITY AND COUNTRY OF ORIGIN LABELLING AgEcon
Hobbs, Jill E..
Country of origin labelling (COOL) on food products is controversial. There is disagreement over whether consumers value information on country of origin intrinsically or as a quality or a safety signal. The debate becomes more heated when country of origin labelling is mandated by regulation, with fears that the regulation is driven by producer rather than consumer interests. Country of origin labelling has implications for traceability systems in agrifood supply chains. The ability to provide consumers with information on the country of origin requires a basic level of traceability,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16813
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Policy Repercussions of "The New Economics of the Brain Drain" AgEcon
Stark, Oded.
In this paper I delineate novel policy repercussions suggested by my research on “The New Economics of the Brain Drain.” In section 1, I provide a succinct account of the model that inspires the derivation of several new policy implications. In sections 2 through 5, I present the policy implications. I address the following questions: When and how can migration to a country substitute for educational subsidies in that country? Who should be admitted when the receiving country cares about the wellbeing of the unskilled workers who stay behind in the sending country? How and why the incentives to form human capital in the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: The New Economics of the Brain Drain; Policy formation; Labor and Human Capital; Political Economy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98003
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A NOTE ON THE COMPARATIVE COST OF LIVING IN SYDNEY AND COUNTRY TOWNS IN NEW SOUTH WALES AgEcon
Davidson, Bruce Robinson; Tierman, M.F..
A comparison between the cost of living of average wage earners in Sydney and nineteen country towns in New South Wales was carried out in 1974, assuming that expenditure on items of goods and services was distributed in the same proportion as in the Consumer Price Index in both country towns and the city. Housing, which was cheaper in the country, was the only group of major consumer expenditure where a significant difference between city and country town costs could be detected. The differences between the costs of food, clothing, services and miscellaneous items of expenditure in the city and
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 1975 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9188
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Attitudes towards foreign products and welfare with capital mobility Inra
Callois, J.M.; Gaigné, C.; INRA, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (FRA).
We develop a model of trade with imperfect competition to study the welfare implications in developing and developed countries of the asymmetry in attitudes towards foreign products. In the developed country, consumers benefit from a better perception of foreign products while the rental rate of capital declines as long as the location of capital remains unchanged. However, when capital is mobile, the developing country hosts more and more capital at the expense of the developed country as perception of varieties produced in the developed country improves and the surplus of consumers in the developed
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: PRODUCT OF ORIGIN; CAPITAL LOCATION; CONSUMER SURPLUS.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2011c5099672&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/06/
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kountry: A Stata utility for merging cross-country data from multiple sources AgEcon
Raciborski, Rafal.
This article describes kountry, a data-management command that can be used to translate one country-coding scheme into another, to recode country names into a “standardized form”, and to generate geographic-region variables. Users can build a custom dictionary through a helper command, kountryadd, that “teaches” kountry new name variations. The dictionary can be protected from an accidental overwriting through two helper commands: kountrybackup and kountryrestore.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Kountry; Kountryadd; Kountrybackup; Kountryrestore; Country names; Country-coding schemes; Geographical; Region; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122601
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COUNTRY OF ORIGIN AS A BRAND: THE CASE OF NEW ZEALAND LAMB AgEcon
Clemens, Roxanne; Babcock, Bruce A..
New Zealand has used country-of-origin labeling (COOL) as a "“country brand”" to differentiate New Zealand lamb in international markets and increase consumer awareness of this lamb as a high-quality imported product. The case of New Zealand lamb is especially interesting as an unsubsidized commodity product competing against subsidized lamb in some of the most competitive and sophisticated retail markets in the world. Given New Zealand’'s dependence on international markets, producers, processors, and exporters needed to develop strategies to create and maintain a strong positive image for their product. This paper explores the history of New Zealand lamb exports, the focus on quality and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Brand story; COOL; Country brand; Country of origin labeling; Lamb; Lamb exports; New Zealand; Marketing; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18710
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Targeted and Global Export Subsidies and Welfare Impacts AgEcon
Bohman, Mary; Carter, Colin A.; Dorfman, Jeffrey H..
A three-country model of export subsidies is developed with an exporter, an importer, and a third country, representing the rest of the world, that can act on either side of the market. The welfare effect of an export subsidy targeted toward one importing country is shown to depend on whether the third country is an exporter or an importer, the market shares, and demand elasticities. The possibility of the paradoxical result that the targeted country can lose welfare as a result of receiving a subsidy is demonstrated to exist, and conditions are derived that determine when this result...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51251
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Beyond the Home Market Effect: Market Size and Specialization in a Multi-Country World AgEcon
Behrens, Kristian; Lamorgese, Andrea R.; Ottaviano, Gianmarco I.P.; Tabuchi, Takatoshi.
The standard two-country model of international trade with monopolistic competition predicts a more-than-proportional relationship between a country’s share of world production of a good and its share of world demand for that same good, a result known as the “home market effect”. We first show that this prediction does not generally carry through to the multi-country case, as production patterns are crucially affected by third country effects. We then derive an alternative prediction that holds whatever the number of countries considered. This new prediction takes into account important features of the real world such as...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Comparative Advantage; Home Market Effect; Hub Effect; International Trade; Monopolistic Competition; Multi-country Models; International Relations/Trade; F12; R12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56212
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Germany. Country Report Organic Eprints
Schaack, Diana; Willer, Helga.
Country report about organic farming in Germany (data 2012, developments 2013/2014)
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Germany.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/25572/1/schaack-willer-2014-germany.pdf
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Analysis of OFF research topics in CORE Organic participating countries Organic Eprints
Nykänen, Arja; Canali, Stefano.
This analysis of OFF research in the participating countries of CORE Organic is based on titles of projects running during the time period 2000-2007, with some variation from country to country. Lists of project titles were taken from country reports.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/13539/1/tutkimusaiheet.pdf
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The “Made in USA poultry label” and consumer choice in Ghana AgEcon
Egyir, Irene Susana; Adu-Nyako, Kofi; Okafor, Ralph.
Market survey data from Ghana was used to gain understanding of consumers’ attitudes, preferences for foreign food products, and the role product country of origin plays in the demand for poultry. Intention to purchase poultry from the US was anchored on product packaging, quality, expiry date and country of origin.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Country of origin; Consumer preference; Poultry demand; Ghana; US exports.; Agribusiness; Industrial Organization; Marketing; Q13; Q17.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119745
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THE EFFECT OF AGRICULTURE ON COUNTRY TOWN POPULATION IN THE GRAZING AND WHEAT GROWING REGIONS OF NEW SOUTH WALES AgEcon
Davidson, Bruce Robinson.
An attempt was made to identify the factors which determined the rate of growth of the populations of country towns in the grazing and wheat growing regions of New South Wales between 1958 and 1971. The town population increased even though farm population declined during the period studied. In the Wheat and Sheep Zone and on the Northern Tablelands the rate of growth of country town population appeared to be determined by the rate of growth in the gross revenue from agriculture. In all other regions agricultural factors appeared to have little effect on the rate of growth of country towns.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 1976 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9166
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Recommendation to adopt ISO 3166-1 and 3166-3 country codes as the standard for identifying countries in oceanographic data exchange. OceanDocs
IOC for UNESCO.
Use of country codes for data exchange - ISO 3166.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Oceanographic data; Standardization; Standards; Information exchange; Oceanography.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4476
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Measuring the Potential of Unilateral CDM - A Pilot Study - AgEcon
Jahn, Michael; Michaelowa, Axel; Raubenheimer, Stefan; Liptow, Holger.
The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) was originally seen as an instrument with a bilateral character where an entity from an industrialised country invests in a project in a developing country (DC). Also, multilateral funds were envisaged that would bundle investments to spread project risks. The sluggish implementation of incentives for industrialised country companies to embark on CDM projects and low carbon prices led to a preference of just buying Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) instead of investing in projects. Thus a third option has gained prominence - the unilateral option where the project development is planned and financed within the DC....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Clean Development Mechanism; Unilateral; Institutions; Project participants; Financing; Risk premium; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q25; O13.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26400
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Structural Changes in Food Retailing: Six Country Case Studies AgEcon
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100443
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Civil war in a globalized world: diplomacy and trade Inra
Couttenier, M.; Soubeyran, R.; INRA, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (FRA).
We consider the impact of diplomatic intervention in civil wars on international trade. Using a large data set over the period 1948-2005, we obtain two striking results: (i) diplomatic intervention has a positive effect on trade for the country in which the civil war occurs (target country); and (ii) bilateral trade between the target and intervening country does not increase more than trade between the target country and the other countries. We argue that intervention induces an enhancement of trade-promoting capital in the target country and show that diplomatic intervention has a...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: CIVIL WAR; TRADE; THIRD PARTY INTERVENTION; TRADE COST.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD201136548169&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2011/03/
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The Golden Rule in Transfer Pricing Regulation AgEcon
Pauwels, Wilfried; Weverbergh, Marcel.
In this paper we analyze the optimal regulation of an internationally integrated monopolist, producing in one country and selling in another country. The monopolist’s pricing policy is constrained by transfer pricing regulations, and is subject to different tax rates on profits in the two countries. The governments of the two countries can use their tax rates as regulatory instruments, and they also determine an arm’s length interval of acceptable transfer prices. The two governments can cooperate in order to maximize world welfare, or they can each try to maximize their own country welfare. It is shown that in several of the solutions governments apply a...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Transfer pricing; Welfare analysis; Political Economy; F13; K2; C72.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24170
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Grain Marketing Tools: A Survey of Illinois Grain Elevators AgEcon
Whitacre, Rick C.; Spaulding, Aslihan D..
As with most sectors of the agriculture economy, the U. S. country grain elevator industry has experienced considerable consolidation and concentration. By the same token, the country elevator's customer base (grain producers and landlords) has also changed rather dramatically as grain production takes place on larger and fewer farms. The profitability of operating a country elevator is directly related to the volume of grain the country elevator purchases over the course of a marketing year. Because the basic services offered by country elevators are very similar (purchasing,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Marketing.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9721
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Casting the naturalization of asylum seekers as an economic problem AgEcon
Stark, Oded.
The naturalization of asylum seekers is modeled as an economic problem. In choosing their level of investment in host-country-specific human capital, asylum seekers take into consideration the probability of their being naturalized. The government of the host country chooses the probability of naturalization that most encourages the acquisition of such human capital. That human capital, in turn, increases the asylum seekers’ productivity and earnings and, consequently, maximizes the government’s tax receipts if the asylum seekers are allowed to stay permanently. Conditions are presented under which the optimal level of investment in the host-
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: The probability of naturalization; Investment in host-country-specific human capital; Economic behavior of asylum seekers; Economic behavior of the government of the host country; Stackelberg game; Financial Economics; Labor and Human Capital; Political Economy; A13; F20; J24; J41; J61.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/62160
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