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Provedor de dados:  Ciênc. Tecnol. Aliment.
País:  Brazil
Título:  Microbiological and physicochemical evaluations of juice extracted from different parts of sugar cane stalks from three varieties cultivated under organic management
Autores:  Martini,Cristina
Margarido,Luiz Antonio Correia
Ceccato-Antonini,Sandra Regina
Data:  2010-09-01
Ano:  2010
Palavras-chave:  Sugar cane juice
Yeasts
Fermentation
Organic management
Resumo:  The artisanal production of cachaça, a beverage obtained by the fermentation of sugar cane juice after distillation, especially by small-sized producers, has traditionally used natural ferment ("fermento caipira") which consists of sugar cane juice with crushed corn, powdered rice, or citrus fruits. In despite of the difficulties in quality control due to the high level of contaminants and longer periods of preparation, the sensorial quality of the beverage may be attributed to the physiological activities of wild yeasts and even bacteria present during fermentation when this ferment is used. In this context, the aim here was to evaluate the microbiological (yeasts) and physicochemical characteristics of sugar cane juice extracted from different parts of three different varieties (RB72454, RB835486, and RB867515) of the cane stalk (lower, medium, and upper sections) in three harvesting periods (from May to December 2007) in an area under organic management. The juice from the upper section (from the eleventh internode to the top) of the sugar cane stalk could be indicated for the preparation of the natural ferment since it is as a source of yeasts and reducing sugars, especially the variety RB867515. Due to the seasonality, the best period for using this part of the sugar cane stalk is at the beginning of harvesting when the phenolic compounds are at low concentration, but there are higher number of Saccharomyces population and other yeast species. The high acidity in this section of the plant could result in a better control of bacterial contamination. These findings explain the traditional instructions of adding the upper sections for the preparation of natural ferment and can help its management in order to get a better performance with respect to organic cachaça production.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612010000300037
Editor:  Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos
Relação:  10.1590/S0101-20612010000300037
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Food Science and Technology v.30 n.3 2010
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
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