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Provedor de dados:  Repositório Alice
País:  Brazil
Título:  Genetic and phenotypic parameters of carcass and organ traits of broiler chickens.
Autores:  VENTURINI, G. C.
CRUZ, V. A. R. da
ROSA, J. O.
BALDI, F.
EL FARO, L.
LEDUR, M. C.
PEIXOTO, J. de O.
MUNARI, D. P.
Data:  2014-12-18
Ano:  2014
Palavras-chave:  Peito de frango
Qualidade de filé
Genética animal
Frango de corte
Carcaça
Animal genetics
Broiler chickens
Carcass
Chicken breast
Fillet quality
Resumo:  The objective of this study was to estimate the genetic and environmental parameters for carcass, carcass part, and organ weights in a paternal strain of broiler chickens that was selected mainly for body weight at 42 days of age (BW42) to provide support for poultry genetic improvement programs. A total of 1448 chickens were used that resulted from the expansion of a pure paternal strain named TT, which was developed by Embrapa Suínos e Aves. The following weights were evaluated: BW42, chilled carcass, wing, drumstick meat, thigh meat, breast meat, breast fillet, back, liver, heart (HRT), and gizzard (GIZ). The variance component was estimated by the restricted maximum likelihood method using a multi-trait animal model. The general model included the additive genetic and residual random effects and the fixed effect of the sex-hatch group (10 levels). The heritability estimates ranged from 0.27 ± 0.06 for HRT to 0.44 ± 0.08 for GIZ. These results indicated that all the traits have enough additive genetic variability to respond to selection. The genetic correlation estimates between BW42 and the carcass and carcass part weights were high and positive. However, the genetic correlation estimates between BW42 and organ weights were low. In this population, the carcass traits might respond indirectly to selection applied to BW42. It can be concluded that selection to increase BW42 is not effective in improving broiler organ weight. Therefore, to obtain suitable genetic improvement for these traits, the selection indexes for broilers should include organ weight-based criteria.

2014
Tipo:  Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  19869

http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1003219

http://ainfo.cnptia.embrapa.br/digital/bitstream/item/114147/1/final7769.pdf

http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/2014
Editor:  Genetics and Molecular Research, Ribeirão Preto, v. 13, n. 4, p. 10294-10300.
Relação:  Embrapa Suínos e Aves - Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
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