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Provedor de dados:  Repositório Alice
País:  Brazil
Título:  Effect of Dichlorvos on the acetylcholinesterase from tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum) Brain.
Autores:  ASSIS, C. R. D.
AMARAL, I. P. G.
CASTRO, P. F.
CARVALHO JÚNIOR, L. B.
BEZERRA, R. S.
Data:  2008-03-22
Ano:  2007
Palavras-chave:  Organophosphorous pesticide
Dichlorvos
Biomarker
Acetylcholinesterase
Tambaqui
Colossoma macropomum
Resumo:  Dichlorvos is an acutely toxic organophosphorous pesticide that is known as a classical acetylcholinesterase (AChE; EC 3.1.1.7) inhibitor. Here, the brain AChE from the important Amazonian fish tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum) was assayed in the presence of this insecticide and also of deltamethrin, a classical sodium and potassium channel inhibitor (negative control). Four tissue homogenates were analyzed in triplicate for AChE activity using acetylthiocholine as the substrate and 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic) acid (DTNB) as the color-developing agent. Each tissue homogenate represented pooled brains from five fish. The inhibitory effect of dichlorvos on AChE activities was determined at concentrations from 0.001 to 10 ppm and compared to controls. This effect followed an exponential decay model (y = 9.420 + 26.192e(-x/5.380); r2 = 0.989), presenting IC50 (the concentration of dichlorvos that is required for 50% of AChE inhibition) of 0.081 ppm (0.368 umol/L). No effect was observed for the deltamethrin, and the concentration 0.0452 umol/L of dichlorvos was significantly different from this control. These results suggest that tambaqui brain AChE can be proposed as a biomarker for dichlorvos and can be used as a tool for aquatic environment monitoring.

2007
Tipo:  Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  0730-7268

21738

http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/69727

http://ainfo.cnptia.embrapa.br/digital/bitstream/item/24534/1/5620260715-ftp.pdf
Editor:  Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 26, n. 7, p. 1451-1453, 2007.
Relação:  Embrapa Meio-Norte - Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
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