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Provedor de dados:  Repositório Alice
País:  Brazil
Título:  Root-associated microbiome of maize genotypes with contrasting phosphorus use efficiency.
Autores:  GOMES, E. A.
LANA, U. G. de P.
QUENSEN, J. F.
SOUSA, S. M. de
PAIVA, C. A. O.
GUO, J.
GUIMARAES, L. J. M.
TIEDJE, J. M.
Data:  2018-11-14
Ano:  2018
Palavras-chave:  Interação planta-micróbio
Zea Mays
Raiz
Fósforo
Resumo:  Marginal soil fertility, soil acidity, aluminum toxicity, and a generalized low level of available nutrients, especially phosphorus (P), are major limiting factors to maize production in highly weathered oxisols that are prominent in the tropics. Plants have evolved several strategies to improve P acquisition, including the ability to associate with soil microorganisms that potentially enhance P uptake and plant nutrition. We investigated the effect of two maize genotypes with contrasting P use efficiency and their hybrid, grown in soils with two P levels, on bacterial and fungal community structures in the root and the rhizosphere. We found that a significant fraction of bacterial and fungal diversity could be attributed to the host genotype, but in general, the soil P level was the major driver of microbiome structure followed by plant compartment (rhizosphere versus directly root associated). Slow-growing bacterial taxa increased in the low P soil, whereas fast-growing taxa were enriched in high P soil. The low P soil had a positive effect on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi abundance, as expected, particularly inside the root. On the other hand, our results did not support selection for microbes associated to plant growth promoting and P solubilization based on P availability. Taken together, our results expand knowledge of which microbial groups are favored in P-deficient oxisol and suggest that P fertilization significantly impacts the species composition and diversity indices of bacteria and fungi communities, both inside the roots and in the rhizosphere.

bitstream/item/185986/1/Root-associated.pdf
Tipo:  Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  28517

http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1099346

10.1094/PBIOMES-03-18-0012-R
Editor:  Phytobiomes Journal, v. 2, n. 3, p. 129-137, 2018.
Relação:  Embrapa Milho e Sorgo - Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
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