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Provedor de dados:  Repositório Alice
País:  Brazil
Título:  Environmental and genetic effects on the temperament variability of Guzerá (Bos indicus) females.
Autores:  PEIXOTO, M. G. C. D.
BRUNELI, F. A. T.
BERGMANN, J. A. G.
SANTOS, G. G. dos
CARVALHO, M. R. S.
BRITO, L. F.
PEREIRA, M. C.
PIRES, M. de F. A.
Data:  2016-12-14
Ano:  2016
Palavras-chave:  Animal behaviour
Animal handling
Dairy cattle
Reactivity
Zebu
Animal behaviour
Animal handling
Dairy cattle
Resumo:  The temperament of Guzerá females was evaluated to identify genetic and non-genetic factors influencing the expression of this trait, providing information to support decision-making in breeding programs. Temperament assessed by reactivity was evaluated in a livestock scale using visual scoring (TS) and an electronic device (TR). Measurements were repeated during the rainy and dry seasons in 1354 females from five herds comprising 2663 records. Estimates of (co)variance components and genetic parameters were obtained using the derivative-free restricted maximum likelihood method. The reactivity of Guzerá females widely varied. There is indication that the bulls used in these herds have been chosen based also on their daughters? temperament. The effects of herd, season, physiological state, weight class, entry order class, and age at time of measurement were significant (p< 0.001) sources of variation in TR. Herd was the most important factor associated with the reactivity and particularly handling practices are likely to explain the differences. The heritabilities of TS and TR were estimated as, 0.29 ± 0.08 and 0.06 ± 0.02, respectively. The genetic correlations were 0.89 between TS and TR and -0.46 between TR and test-day milk production. This study suggested that variation in TR is mainly influenced by non-genetic effects. Genetic parameter estimates still do not allow for an accurate establishment of the potential of TR for selection. Further studies using larger datasets should be performed to provide additional evaluation of female temperament.

2016
Tipo:  Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  23017

http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1058682

http://ainfo.cnptia.embrapa.br/digital/bitstream/item/151992/1/Cnpgl-2016-LivResRurDev-Environmental.pdf
Editor:  Livestock Research for Rural Development, v. 28, n. 9, 2016.
Relação:  Embrapa Gado de Leite - Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Formato:  12 p.
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