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Provedor de dados:  Repositório Alice
País:  Brazil
Título:  Long-Term encapsulated nitrate supplementation modulates rumen microbial diversity and rumen fermentation to reduce methane emission in grazing steers.
Autores:  GRANJA-SALCEDO, Y. T.
FERNANDES, R. M.
ARAUJO, R. C. de
KISHI, L. T.
BERCHIELLI, T. T.
RESENDE, F. D. de
BERNDT, A.
SIQUEIRA, G. R.
Data:  2019-04-03
Ano:  2019
Palavras-chave:  Archaea diversity
Enteric methane emission
Gado de Corte
Nitrato
Beef cattle
Rumen bacteria
Fatty acids
Resumo:  This study investigated the long-term effects (13 months) of encapsulated nitrate supplementation (ENS) on enteric methane emissions, rumen fermentation parameters, ruminal bacteria, and diversity of archaea in grazing beef cattle. We used a total of thirty-two Nellore steers (initial BW of 197 15.3 kg), 12 of which were fitted with rumen cannulas. For 13 months, the animals were maintained in 12 paddocks and fed a concentrate of ground corn, soybean meals, mineral supplements, and urea (URS) or encapsulated nitrate (EN) containing 70 g of EN/100 kg of BW (corresponding to 47 g NO3/100 kg BW). Encapsulated nitrate supplementation resulted in similar forage, supplement and total DMI values as URS (P > 0.05), but ENS tended to increase (C48 g/d; P = 0.055) average daily weight gain. Daily reductions in methane emissions (- 9.54 g or 18.5%) were observed with ENS when expressed as g of CH4/kg of forage dry matter intake (fDMI) (P = 0.037). Lower concentrations of NH3-N and a higher ruminal pH were observed in ENS groups 6 h after supplementation (P < 0.05). Total VFA rumen concentration 6 h (P = 0.009) and 12 h after supplementation with EN resulted in lower acetate concentrations in the rumen (P = 0.041). Steers supplemented with EN had a greater ruminal abundance of Bacteroides, Barnesiella, Lactobacillus, Selenomonas, Veillonella, Succinimonas, Succinivibrio, and Duganella sp. (P < 0.05), but a lower abundance of Methanobrevibacter sp. (P = 0.007). Strong negative correlations were found between daily methane emissions and Proteobacteria, Erysipelotrichaceae, Prevotellaceae, and Roseburia, Kandleria, Selenomonas, Veillonella, and Succinivibrio sp. (P < 0.05) in the rumen of ENS steers. Encapsulated nitrate is a feed additive that persistently affects enteric methane emission in grazing steers, thereby decreasing Methanobrevibacter abundance in the rumen. In addition, ENS can promote fumarate-reducer and lactateproducer bacteria, thereby reducing acetate production during rumen fermentation.

bitstream/item/195343/1/Long-Term-Encapsulated-Nitrate.pdf
Tipo:  Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  24752

http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1107883
Editor:  Frontiers in microbiology, v. 10, n. 614, p. 1-12, 2019.
Relação:  Embrapa Pecuária Sudeste - Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE)
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