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Provedor de dados:  Inra
País:  France
Título:  Effet de la secheresse sur la digestibilite in vitro, la teneur en ADF et la teneur en azote de la luzerne (Medicago sativa L.)
A study of the change in forage quality of lucerne grown under irrigated and non-irrigated conditions
Autores:  Lemaire, G.
Durand, J.L.
Lila, M.
Data:  1989
Ano:  1989
Palavras-chave:  ADF
QUALITE DU FOURRAGE
COMPOSITION MORPHOLOGIQUE
Resumo:  Les résultats d’une étude de la qualité de fourrage de luzerne, produit en conditions sèches ou irriguées, montrent que la sécheresse provoque une augmentation de la digestibilité, corrélativement à une réduction de la teneur en ADF et un accroissement de la teneur en azote dans la biomasse aérienne, car la part des feuilles est plus élevée en culture sèche. En effet, la relation entre la composition morphologique (rapport feuilles/tiges) et le niveau de production n’est pas modifiée. Cela explique en partie l’accroissement de la valeur énergétique du fourrage. Les courbes de dilution de l’azote dans la matière sèche, comparées aux courbes de référence et aux témoins, révèlent, par contre, que la sécheresse tend à induire un déficit de nutrition azotée compensé ou non par l’accroissement de la part des feuilles, selon le niveau de limitation de la croissance.

The study was carried out during the summers of 1982 and 1983 at Lusignan in the central western part of France. Growth curves were established during 2 or 3 successive summer regrowths by harvesting small plots every week. The effects of water stress on dry matter yield (DM) are presented (Fig. 1) to show the intensity of the drought at each regrowth period. At each harvest date the aerial dry matter (ADM) was divided into stem and leaf components. The leaf/stem ratio (L/S) was then calculated. Nitrogen content (N%) was determined separately on the leaf and stem components and also on the total ADM. The in vitro digestibility of dry matter (IVDDM) and the acid detergent fiber content (ADF) were determined both on total aerial dry matter and on the stem component. The change in the measured variables was expressed either in relation to time or to dry matter accumulation. This second expression allowed us to better compare irrigated and non-irrigated conditions. The US ratio decreased more rapidly with time on irrigated than on non-irrigated lucerne. The evolution of L/S in relation to ADM, however, was the same under the 2 conditions and a common relationship between these 2 variables is proposed : L/S = 1.4 (ADM)-0.56 (Fig. 2). This relationship permits the US value to be predicted directly from dry matter yield whatever the water conditions are. The higher values of L/S observed during the drought at a given time were therefore entirely due to a lower ADM accumulation than when water was non limiting. The N content of ADM decreased less rapidly with time under non-irrigated conditions than under irrigated conditions. But for the same quantity of accumulated dry matter, N content was lower in water-stressed than in well watered lucerne (Fig. 4), indicating a lower level of nitrogen nutrition. The global effect of drought on the forage N content was therefore the result of a negative effect on the N nutrition processes which was more or less compensated by a positive effect due to a lower dilution of N. This phenomenon allows us to explain some contradictory results in the literature which relate either positive or negative effect of water stress on the N content of harvested lucerne forage. The water stress led to an increase in IVDDM and to a decrease in ADF content of the harvested forage (Fig. 7). This effect can be explained by the increase in the L/S ratio and by an increase in the digestibility of the stem component. This increase in the digestibility of stems can be directly related to the decrease of stem dry matter. A general relationship between the IVDDM and the dry matter yield of lucerne forage in natural conditions is proposed as an indicator for predicting forage quality.
Tipo:  Journal Article
Idioma:  Francês
Identificador:  http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PUB9019397014075&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2009/09/

http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/data/2009/09/PUB901939701407_20090915025829299.pdf
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Agronomie. 1989, 9 (9) : 841-848
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