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Provedor de dados:  Inra
País:  France
Título:  Airflow and microclimate patterns in a one-hectare Canary type greenhouse: an experimental and CFD assisted study
Autores:  Majdoubi, H.
Boulard, T.
Fatnassi, H.
Bouirden, L.
Data:  2009
Ano:  2009
Resumo:  This study presents an analysis of air circulation and microclimate distribution during daytime in a 1-hectare Canary type tomato greenhouse in the coastal area of southern Morocco. The investigation of the climate inside the greenhouse is based on a numerical simulation using a finite volumes method to solve the mass, momentum and energy conservation equations. The main novelty of this simulation lies in the realism of the 3D modelling of this very large agricultural structure with (i) a coupling of convective and radiative exchanges at the surface of the plastic roof cover, (ii) simulation of the dynamic influence of the insect screens and tomato crop on airflow movement, using the concept of porous medium, (iii) simulation, in each grid cell of the crop canopy, of the sensible and latent heat exchanges between the greenhouse air and the tomato crop, and (iv) detailed simulation of climate parameters in a 1-hectare real-scale commercial greenhouse.The model simulations were first validated with respect to temperature and relative humidity fields measured inside the experimental greenhouse for fairly steady-state outside conditions marked by a prevailing sea breeze around the solar noon. A good agreement was observed between the measured and simulated values for inside air temperatures and specific humidity. It was next used for exploring the details of the inside air temperature and humidity fields and plant microclimates and transpiration fluxes throughout the greenhouse space. Simulation for a wind direction perpendicular to the side and roof openings shows that the insect screen significantly reduced inside air velocity and increased inside temperature and humidity, especially in the vicinity of the crop canopy. It revealed the details of the flow field within the greenhouse. At the windward end of the greenhouse, the flow field was marked by a strong windwise air current above the tomato canopy which was fed by the wind ward side vent, and a slow air stream flowing within the tomato canopy space. Then, from the first third of the greenhouse to the leeward end, the flow field was marked by the combination of wind and buoyancy forces, with warmer and more humid inside air which was evacuated through the upper roof vents, while colder and dryer air was penetrated through the upper roof vent openings. Based on these simulations, design studies of the greenhouse crop system were performed to improve inside air temperature and humidity conditions by simple modifications of orientation of the crop rows
Tipo:  Journal Article
Idioma:  Inglês
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 2009, 149 (6-7) : 1050-1062

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