This section provides an overview of the diversity and abundance of natural resources and globally important ecosystems along TanzaniaÕs coastlineÑincluding coral reefs, mangrove forests and marine fisheries. Additionally, the effects of water quality and shoreline change are examined in depth. The human pressures that threaten the long-term integrity of these natural endowments and management actions to address them are highlighted. These include overfishing and over-harvesting of resources, pollution from industry and cities, clear-cutting of forests, destructive fishing techniques and coral bleaching. With proper management, it is likely that the coastal environment can recover to full health. However, with neither management nor the introduction of sustainable practices these resources will never recover.