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Provedor de dados:  Organic Eprints
País:  Germany
Título:  Ekološka poljoprivreda kao model održive poljoprivrede u zemljama s gospodarstvima u tranziciji
Autores:  Znaor, Darko
Bošnjaković, Branko
Data:  1998
Ano:  1998
Palavras-chave:  "Organics" in general Farming Systems Food security
Food quality and human health Social aspects Air and water emissions Soil Biodiversity and ecosystem services Policy environments and social economy Environmental aspects
Resumo:  In the years to come, agriculture, as well as all other human activities, will have to pay much more attention to their environmental impacts. Consumers, policy makers, scientists, and society in general will only promote and accept technologies caring about environmental aspects. This is not surprising since the environmental problems are among the most urgent ones our civilisation will have to tackle and solve. This demand for more careful stewardship of environment is also acknowledged by the philosophy of sustainable development - a widely recognised concept and necessity of future development. Although established at the very beginning of this century, ecological types of agriculture (often also referred to as organic or biological types of agriculture) have for long time remained on the margin of the agricultural development. This is not surprising since the last decades were the "golden ages" of what can be called conventional or industrial agriculture, which achieved enormous success in many respects. However, this success was based on specialised production characterised by high external inputs and intensive chemical and energy use, which has at the same time caused substantial environmental degradation and also health problems. At the other hand, ecological types of agriculture have from its beginning paid respectable attention to environmental aspects of agricultural production. Today, ecological farming practice has technical solutions for most of the problems arising during the production. The market niche for its products is constantly increasing. The numerous contributions ecological farming can offer in preventing pollution and protecting environmental resources have been demonstrated in many parts of the world. It is estimated that some 1 million ha in EU, and some 90.000 ha in the countries with economies in transition (CET) are currently being farmed according to the EU or similar (inter)national regulations on ecological agriculture, with the average annual growth rate of 25-35%. However, it must be stressed that ecological farming can be fully successful even on larger scales, but under the condition that the compliant socio-economic and political levels of society are willing and able to support its implementation.
Tipo:  Journal paper
Identificador:  Znaor, Darko and Bošnjaković, Branko (1998) Ekološka poljoprivreda kao model održive poljoprivrede u zemljama s gospodarstvima u tranziciji. [Ecological Agriculture as a Model of Sustainable Agriculture in the Countries with Economies in Transition.] Hrvatske vode - časopis za vodno gospodarstvo, 6 (24), pp. 215-232.

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