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Provedor de dados:  Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec.
País:  Brazil
Título:  Epidural levobupivacaine alone or combined with different morphine doses in bitches under continuous propofol infusion
Autores:  Albuquerque,V.B.
Araújo,M.A.
Ferreira,G.T.N.M.
Fonseca,M.W.
Abimussi,C.J.X.
Ferreira,J.Z.
Oliva,V.N.L.S.
Data:  2015-08-01
Ano:  2015
Palavras-chave:  Dog
Opioid
Ovariohysterectomy
Blood gas
Regional anaesthesia
Resumo:  The aim of this study was to assess the cardiopulmonary, analgesic, adverse effects, serum concentration of cortisol and plasma levels of levobupivacaine and morphine in bitches undergoing propofol anesthesia and epidural analgesia with levobupivacaine alone or combined with morphine. This was a randomized 'blinded' prospective clinical study using 32 adult bitches weighing 9.8±4.1kg that were admitted for elective ovariohysterectomy. Twenty minutes after administration of acepromazine and midazolam, anesthesia was induced with propofol (4mg kg-1) and maintained by a continuous rate infusion (CRI). Each animal was randomly assigned to one of four epidural groups: GL = levobupivacaine alone (0.33mg kg-1); GLM0.1 = levobupivacaine and morphine (0.1mg kg-1); GLM0.15 = levobupivacaine and morphine (0.15mg kg-1); and GLM0.2 = levobupivacaine and morphine (0.2mg kg-1). Variables obtained during anesthesia were heart rate, respiratory rate, systolic, mean and diastolic arterial blood pressures, oxyhemoglobin saturation, inspired oxygen fraction, end-tidal carbon dioxide tension, blood gases, serum cortisol, and plasma levels of levobupivacaine and morphine. The onset and duration times of the blockade were recorded. Arterial pressures were significantly increased in all groups at the times of ovarian pedicle clamping. There was a decrease in pH, together with an increase in both PaO2and PaCO2 over time. Serum cortisol levels were increased in TESu compared to TB, T30 and TR. Limb spasticity, muscle tremors, opisthotonos and diarrhea were observed in some animals during propofol infusion and ceased with the end of CRI. Reactions happened at different moments and lasted for different periods of time in each individual. Epidural with levobupivacaine alone or combined with morphine allowed for ovariohysterectomy to be performed under low propofol infusion rates, with minimal changes in cardiovascular variables and in serum cortisol levels. Adverse effects were observed in very few animals in each group.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352015000400951
Editor:  Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Veterinária
Relação:  10.1590/1678-4162-7661
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia v.67 n.4 2015
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
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