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Registro completo
Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  No net loss of biodiversity or paper offsets? A critical review of the French no net loss policy
Autores:  Quetier, Fabien
Regnery, Baptiste
Levrel, Harold
Data:  2014-04
Ano:  2014
Palavras-chave:  No net loss
Biodiversity offsets
Ecological compensation
EU Habitats Directive
European biodiversity strategy
Environmental impact assessment
Ecological equivalencies
Resumo:  French regulations concerning the mitigation of development impacts have been progressively strengthened with offsets now required for impacts on forests, wetlands, and protected species, among others. In 2012, following a national consultative process called Grenelle de l’Environnement, legal requirements in terms of monitoring and effective implementation of measures aimed at avoiding, reducing and offsetting impacts were strengthened. This has created strong “demand” for offsets. The workability of these new requirements has come under scrutiny, not least because of their strong legal and financial implications for developers. In this context, official government guidance on implementing the mitigation hierarchy was published in 2012. Under this guidance, the aim of the mitigation hierarchy is to achieve no net loss (NNL) of biodiversity, and preferably a net gain for currently threatened biodiversity and ecosystems. We discuss what NNL means in this context, and highlight some of the technical and governance issues raised by the French approach to NNL. Our analysis shows that the French guidance, in spite of its laudable ambition, does not address the institutional arrangements and science base needed to reach the policy's objective of NNL. The burden of designing and building adequate institutional arrangements is shifted down to local and regional permitting authorities, and even developers themselves. Consequently, and in spite of the increasing demand for offsets, the result is a highly variable and often ineffective project by project approach to offset supply, with minimal commitments. Unless the institutional and scientific challenges are tackled, the likely outcome will be an expansion of “paper offsets”.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Elsevier Sci Ltd
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Environmental Science & Policy (1462-9011) (Elsevier Sci Ltd), 2014-04 , Vol. 38 , P. 120-131
Direitos:  2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


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