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Provedor de dados:  ArchiMer
País:  France
Título:  Environmental fate of chlordecone in coastal habitats: recent studies conducted in Guadeloupe and Martinique (Lesser Antilles)
Autores:  Dromard, Charlotte R.
Devault, Damien
Bouchon-navaro, Yolande
Allénou, Jean-pierre
Budzinski, Hélène
Cordonnier, Sébastien
Tapie, Nathalie
Reynal, Lionel
Lemoine, Soazig
Thomé, Jean-pierre
Thouard, Emmanuel
Monti, Dominique
Bouchon, Claude
Data:  2019
Ano:  2019
Palavras-chave:  Organochlorine pollution
Trophic food webs
Resumo:  The organochlorine pollution by chlordecone, an insecticide spread in the past in banana plantations, is now recognized as a major ecological, economic, and social crisis in Guadeloupe and Martinique Islands. Due to its physical and chemical properties, this molecule is particularly persistent in the natural environment. Volcanic soil of Guadeloupe and Martinique contain allophanes (amorphous clays), which favor chlordecone trapping due to their structure and physical properties. Thus, with this trapping ability, allophanes serve as a vector allowing chlordecone to contaminate runoff waters and, finally, the sea. In the present publication, several studies recently conducted in the Lesser Antilles have been compiled in order to evaluate the desorption of chlordecone from allophanes when arriving in the estuarine environment and to determine the transfer of chlordecone along marine trophic food webs. The experiments showed that 20% of the initial quantity of chlordecone was released from allophanes in estuarine conditions and 10% in the marine environment. These results could explain the high level of contamination found in the suspended organic matter and zooplankton in the coastal areas located downstream of the contaminated watersheds. The contamination of the marine food webs of mangroves, seagrass beds, and coral reefs is dominated by a contamination “by bath” in littoral waters containing chlordecone and by bioamplification seawards.
Tipo:  Text
Idioma:  Inglês

Editor:  Springer Nature
Formato:  application/pdf
Fonte:  Environmental Science and Pollution Research (0944-1344) (Springer Nature) In Press
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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