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Provedor de dados:  BJMBR
País:  Brazil
Título:  Effect of oral sirolimus therapy on inflammatory biomarkers following coronary stenting
Autores:  Rosa,W.C.M.
Campos,A.H.
Lima,V.C.
Data:  2010-08-01
Ano:  2010
Palavras-chave:  Inflammation mediators
Oral sirolimus
Percutaneous coronary intervention
Coronary artery angioplasty
Coronary restenosis
Immunosuppression
Resumo:  We studied the effect of oral sirolimus, administered to prevent and treat in-stent restenosis (ISR), on the variation of serum levels of inflammatory markers following coronary stenting with bare metal stents. The mean age of the patients was 56 ± 13 years, 65% were males and all had clinically manifested ischemia. Serum levels of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) concentration were determined by chemiluminescence and serum levels of all other biomarkers by ELISA. One group of patients at high risk for ISR received a loading oral dose of 15 mg sirolimus and 5 mg daily thereafter for 28 days after stenting (SIR-G). A control group (CONT-G) was submitted to stenting without sirolimus therapy. The increase in hs-CRP concentration was highest at 24 h after stenting in both groups. A significant difference between SIR-G and CONT-G was observed at 4 weeks (-1.50 ± 5.0 vs -0.19 ± 0.4, P = 0.008) and lost significance 1 month after sirolimus discontinuation (-1.73 ± 4.3 vs -0.01 ± 0.7, P = 0.0975). A continuous fall in MMP-9 concentration was observed in SIR-G, with the greatest reduction at 4 weeks (-352.9 ± 455 vs +395.2 ± 377, P = 0.0004), while a positive variation was noted 4 weeks after sirolimus discontinuation (227 ± 708 vs 406.2 ± 472.1, P = 0.0958). SIR-G exhibited a higher increase in P-selectin after sirolimus discontinuation at week 8 (46.1 ± 67.9 vs 5.8 ± 23.7, P = 0.0025). These findings suggest that the anti-restenotic actions of systemic sirolimus include anti-proliferative effects and modulation of the inflammatory response with inhibition of adhesion molecule expression.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-879X2010000800012
Editor:  Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Relação:  10.1590/S0100-879X2010007500071
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research v.43 n.8 2010
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
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