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Provedor de dados:  Ciência e Agrotecnologia
País:  Brazil
Título:  Genetic divergence among processing tomato hybrids and formation of new segregating populations
Autores:  Figueiredo,Alex Sandro Torre
Resende,Juliano Tadeu Vilela de
Marodin,Josué Clock
Galvão,Alexandre Gonçalves
Resende,Nathalia Campos Vilela
Data:  2017-06-01
Ano:  2017
Palavras-chave:  Solanum lycopersicum
Genetic distance
Breeding populations
Transgressive segregate
Resumo:  ABSTRACT Tomato is the most important vegetable species and has a strong bottleneck effect in its domestication and evolution. In exploring the existing genetic variability in commercial germplasm, germplasm has been proven to be an excellent alternative to obtain inbred lines in order to provide superior new hybrids in the future. In this sense, the objective of this study was to estimate the genetic distance among commercial processing tomato hybrids via agronomical and quality postharvest fruit traits with the aim of suggesting promising crosses for the formation of base populations for tomato breeding. Ten hybrids of processing tomato were evaluated in a complete randomized block design with three replicates. In total, eleven agronomic and postharvest fruit quality traits were evaluated. The genetic distances were estimated between the hybrids using the generalized Mahalanobis () and Gower () distances. The genetic distance among tomato hybrids was determined using a graphic projection of the first two canonical variables. The presence of significant genetic variability among the hybrids (P <0.05) was demonstrated and was sufficient for the selection of the best hybrids before the breeding process. The hybrid Laura stood out for its postharvest characteristics and was the most divergent genotype compared to the others evaluated. The most promising crossings for the formation of segregating populations with superior genetic merit are Kátia x Laura, Vênus x Laura, Fascínio x Laura, AP-533 x Laura, Tinto x Laura, AP-529 x Laura, Supera x Laura, Granadero x Laura, Granadero x AP533, Granadero x Ap529 and Granadero x Kátia.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Editora da Universidade Federal de Lavras
Relação:  10.1590/1413-70542017413033016
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Ciência e Agrotecnologia v.41 n.3 2017
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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