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Provedor de dados:  REA
País:  Brazil
Título:  Soil penetration resistance in a rhodic eutrudox affected by machinery traffic and soil water content
Autores:  Moraes,Moacir T. de
Franchini,Julio C.
Silva,Vanderlei R. da
Data:  2013-08-01
Ano:  2013
Palavras-chave:  Soil layers with mechanical impedance
Soil compaction
Soil consistency
Soil profile
Resumo:  Soil compaction caused by machinery traffic reduces crop yields. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of intensive traffic, and the soil water content, on the soil penetration resistance (PR) of a Rhodic Eutrudox (Distroferric Red Latosol, Brazilian Classification), managed under no-tillage (NT). The experiment consisted of six treatments: NT with recent chiseling, NT without additional compaction, and NT with additional compaction by 4, 8, 10 and 20 passes of a harvester with a weight of 100 kN (70 kN on the front axle). Undisturbed soil samples were collected at 5.5-10.5 cm and 13.5-18.5 cm depth to quantify the soil bulk density (BD). The PR was assessed in four periods, using an impact penetrometer, inserted in the soil to a depth of 46 cm. The effect of traffic intensities on the PR was small when this variable was assessed with the soil in the plastic consistency. Differences in PR among treatments increased as the soil water content decreased. The increase in the values of PR and BD was higher in the first passes, but the increase in the number of traffics resulted in deeper soil compaction. The machinery traffic effects on PR are better characterized in the friable soil consistency.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Associação Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola
Relação:  10.1590/S0100-69162013000400014
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Engenharia Agrícola v.33 n.4 2013
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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