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Provedor de dados:  Ecology and Society
País:  Canada
Título:  Jatropha cultivation in Malawi and Mozambique: impact on ecosystem services, local human well-being, and poverty alleviation
Autores:  von Maltitz, Graham P.; CSIR, South Africa; Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa;
Gasparatos, Alexandros; Integrated Research System for Sustainability Science (IR3S), University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan;
Fabricius, Christo; Sustainability Research Unit, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa;
Morris, Abbie; Independent development practitioner, Malawi;
Willis, Kathy J.; Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, UK; Royal Botanical Gardens Kew, UK;
Data:  2016-07-13
Ano:  2016
Palavras-chave:  Biofuels
Ecosystem services
Resumo:  Jatropha-based biofuels have undergone a rapid boom-and-bust cycle in southern Africa. Despite strong initial support by governments, donors, and the private sector, there is a lack of empirical studies that compare the environmental and socioeconomic impacts of Jatropha’s two dominant modes of production: large plantations and smallholder-based projects. We apply a rapid ecosystem services assessment approach to understand the impact of two Jatropha projects that are still operational despite widespread project collapse across southern Africa: a smallholder-based project (BERL, Malawi) and a large plantation (Niqel, Mozambique). Our study focuses on changes in provisioning ecosystem services such as biofuel feedstock, food, and woodland products that can have important effects on human well-being locally. Qualitative information is provided for other regulating and cultural ecosystem services. Although at this stage no impact is tremendously positive or negative, both projects show some signs of viability and local poverty alleviation potential. However, their long-term sustainability is not guaranteed given low yields, uncertain markets, and some prevailing management practices.
Tipo:  Peer-Reviewed Reports
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  vol21/iss3/art3/
Editor:  Resilience Alliance
Formato:  text/html application/pdf
Fonte:  Ecology and Society; Vol. 21, No. 3 (2016)

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