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Provedor de dados:  Ecology and Society
País:  Canada
Título:  Indigenous Institutions and Their Role in Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience: Evidence from the 2009 Tsunami in American Samoa
Autores:  Rumbach, Andrew; University of Colorado Denver; andrew.rumbach@ucdenver.edu
Foley, Dolores; University of Hawaii, Manoa;
Data:  2014-02-12
Ano:  2014
Palavras-chave:  American Samoa
Disaster management
Disaster risk reduction
Indigenous knowledge
Institutions
Resilience
Tsunami
Resumo:  Indigineity has emerged as an important area of focus for research and policy making on disaster risk reduction (DRR) and resilience. Most research on indigeneity and DRR centers on indigenous knowledge and its integration with western scientific understandings of hazards and risk. Through a detailed case study of the 2009 tsunami in American Samoa, we argue that indigenous institutions also play a critical role in disaster risk reduction and resilience. Based on original data from semistructured interviews, village planning meetings, and focus group discussions, we describe how the indigenous institutions of fa’a Samoa, or the culture of Samoa, operated in a time of crisis by: (1) structuring emergency decision making and authority; (2) assigning roles and responsibilities during crises; (3) building effective lines of communication between villages and outside actors; (4) providing a system of accountability for vulnerable people; and (5) acting as gatekeepers to villages and mobilizing social groups to act. We then suggest some ways that indigenous institutions could be better leveraged to help create more resilient communities.
Tipo:  Peer-Reviewed Reports
Idioma:  Inglês
Identificador:  vol19/iss1/art19/
Editor:  Resilience Alliance
Formato:  text/html application/pdf
Fonte:  Ecology and Society; Vol. 19, No. 1 (2014)
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