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Provedor de dados:  Neotropical Ichthyology
País:  Brazil
Título:  Diet composition and feeding strategy of the southern pipefish Syngnathus folletti in a Widgeon grass bed of the Patos Lagoon Estuary, RS, Brazil
Autores:  Garcia,Alexandre M.
Geraldi,Ricardo M.
Vieira,João P.
Data:  2005-09-01
Ano:  2005
Palavras-chave:  Syngnathidae
Ruppia maritima
Feeding ecology
Size-biased feeding
Prey size
Resumo:  Pipefish species are poorly known representatives of the family Syngnathidae, which have been increasingly threatened by anthropogenic activities. We describe the diet composition and feeding strategy of southern pipefish Syngnathus folletti inhabiting a Widgeon grass (Ruppia maritima L.) bed in the estuarine zone of Patos Lagoon, southern Brazil. We also investigated whether mouth gape affected the size of prey items consumed and based on indirect evidence, we suggest possible pipefish foraging movements within the bed. Individuals were collected from December 1994 to March 1995 in a Ruppia maritima bed located in the Patos Lagoon Estuary during day and night periods. We analyzed the stomach contents of 108 individuals (54 females and 54 males). Both genders seemed to be diurnal carnivores with diets composed primarily of copepods and isopods. Mixed feeding strategies were evident with varying degrees of specialization on different prey types. Females had a more diverse diet both in prey richness as in prey size range, whereas males fed primarily on smaller prey, the isopod U. peterseni and copepods. Gender-based diet differences suggest that females may be more mobile and active inside the Widgeon grass bed than males. The average size range of the two dominant prey items fitted well to the pipefish mouth gape (0.4 to 1.4mm). However, a few female individuals were able to consume prey three times larger than their maximum gape. A diagram of prey microhabitat suggested that both genders browse and capture invertebrates over the entire vegetated substrate provided by the Widgeon grass bed.
Tipo:  Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Idioma:  Inglês
Editor:  Sociedade Brasileira de Ictiologia
Relação:  10.1590/S1679-62252005000300011
Formato:  text/html
Fonte:  Neotropical Ichthyology v.3 n.3 2005
Direitos:  info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess

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