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Registros recuperados: 6
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Performance of pea, lupin and faba bean, in organic cropping systems in France Organic Eprints
Dibet, Audrey; Corre-Hellou, Guénaëlle; Aveline, Anne; Crozat, Yves.
Organically farmed pea, lupin and faba bean were compared in terms of dry matter (DM), grain yield and nitrogen (N) production, as well as for their competitive ability against weeds. Adjacent strips of pea, lupin and faba bean were set up at eight sites throughout the Pays de la Loire region. Soil conditions and weed pressure differed between sites. In general, faba bean produced slightly more grain yield and grain N than pea. Lupin was the least productive grain legume and the weakest competitor against weeds, though it provided grains with the highest N contents. However in most situations, pea was shown to be the most efficient until flowering for DM and N accumulation as well as for light interception and crop height. A faster development of...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/7442/1/organic_congress_Dibet.pdf
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Pea-barley intercropping for the control of weeds in European organic cropping systems Organic Eprints
Dibet, Audrey; Hauggaard-Nielsen, Henrik; Kasyanova, Elena; Ruske, Rachel; Gooding, Mike; Pristeri, Aurelio; Monti, Michele; Dahlmann, Christoph; von Fragstein, Peter; Ambus, Per; Jensen, Erik; Crozat, Yves.
Two pea-barley intercropping strategies were compared with respective sole crops for their capacity to reduce weeds. Crops were grown under organic conditions without mechanical weeding. Field trials were carried out during three years throughout Europe. Although crops were tested under diverse soil and climate conditions, in the presence of different weed species and varying weed biomass, it appeared in all experimental sites that weeds were better controlled in barley sole crop or in intercrops than in pea sole crop. Differences in the degree of weed control between crop treatments were already visible at flowering and sometimes increased until maturity. It is interesting to note that the substitutive and additive designs obtained similar results. The...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Cereals; Pulses and oilseeds Crop combinations and interactions Weed management.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/7452/1/organic_congress_Dibet_Intercrop.pdf
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Pea-barley intercrops use nitrogen sources 20-30% more efficiently than the sole crops Organic Eprints
Hauggaard-Nielsen, Henrik; Ambus, Per; Brisson, Nadine; Crozat, Yves; Dahlmann, Christoph; Dibet, Audrey; von Fragstein und Niemsdorff, Peter; Gooding, Mike; Kasyanova, Elena; Launay, Marie; Monti, Michele; Pristeri, Aurelio; Steen Jensen, Erik.
Field pea (Pisum sativum L.) and spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L) were intercropped and sole cropped to compare the effects of crop diversity on the use of nitrogen sources in European organic crop-ping systems. Across a wide range of growing condi-tions pea-barley intercropping showed that nitrogen sources were used from 17 to 31% more efficiently by the intercrop than by the sole crops. Intercropping technologies offers the opportunity for organic cropping systems to utilize N complementarity between component crops, without compromising total crop N yield levels
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/7487/1/INTERCROP_WP3_v2.pdf
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Grain legumes and nitrate leaching: significance and prevention Organic Eprints
Hauggaard-Nielsen, Henrik; Jensen, Erik Steen; Aveline, Anne; Crozat, Yves.
The amount of internationally published evidence on the effects of grain legumes on nitrate leaching is sparse and some studies may have weak points. Nevertheless, this mini-review indicates that the level of N leaching is 0–20 kg N ha-1 greater after pea than after cereals. Methods to prevent N leaching should be further developed and there is a need to genetically improve the root systems of grain legumes.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/3127/2/Grain_legumes_and_nitrate_leaching_Dijon_2004.pdf
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Intercropping of cereals and grain legumes for increased production, weed control, im-proved product quality and prevention of N –losses in European organic farming systems Organic Eprints
Jensen, Erik Stee; Ambus, Per; Bellostas, Natalia; Boisen, Sigurd; Brisson, Nadine; Corre-Hellou, Guanelle; Crozat, Yves; Dahlmann, Christoph; Dibet, Audry; von Fragstein, Peter; Gooding, Mike; Hauggaard-Nielsen, Henrik; Kasyanova, Elena; Monti, Michele; Pristeri, Aurelio.
– Intercropping of cereals and grain legumes is a technology to enhance biodiversity in organic agro-ecosystems, enhance and stabilize yields and make better use of plant growth resources. Here we report the preliminary results of the EU FP 5 research project “Intercrop” carried out in five European regions. The project demonstrates several significant benefits which could be exploited to a greater degree in European organic farming .
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Crop combinations and interactions.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/7659/1/template%2Dintercrop.doc
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Agronomic performance and yield stability of pea-barley intercropping in European organic farming system. Organic Eprints
Monti, Michele; Crozat, Yves; Dahlmann, Christoff; Dibet, Audrey; von Fragstein, Peter; Gooding, Mike J.; Hauggaard Nielsen, Henrik; Jensen, Erik S.; Kasyanova, Elena; Bellostas Muguerza, Natalia; Pristeri, Aurelio.
Intercropping of cereal and grain legumes in European cropping system (INTERCROP) is an European Project in which a multidisciplinary team of scientist conducts research on intercropping under different regional organic cropping systems. The project’s core experiments was a field trial in which pea and barley were intercropped in spring sowing and compared with respective sole crops during 2003-2005. One of the main deliverables of the Project (Workpackage 2) was the evaluation of agronomic performance of intercrop in term of yield advantage and yield stability. Results of this activity carried out, in five European Countries (Denmark, France, Germany, Italy and United Kingdom) in the basic field experiments, are presented in this contribution.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Farming Systems.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/7519/1/Monti1.pdf
Registros recuperados: 6
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