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Registros recuperados: 5
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Genetic structure and pathogenicity of populations of Phytophthora infestans from organic potato crops in France, Norway, Switzerland and the United Kingdom Organic Eprints
Flier, W. G.; Kroon, L. P. N. M.; Hermansen, A.; van Raaij, H. M. G.; Speiser, B.; Tamm, L.; Fuchs, J. G.; Lambion, J.; Razzaghian, J.; Andrivon, D.; Wilcockson, S.; Leifert, C..
Genetic variation and pathogenicity of Phytophthora infestans isolates collected from organic potato crops of the susceptible cv. Bintje and the moderately resistant cv. Santé were assessed in France, Norway, and the United Kingdom in 2001 and in Switzerland in 2001 and 2002. Population structures differed considerably between the four P. infestans populations. Those from France, Switzerland and the UK were mainly clonal populations showing restricted levels of genetic diversity, whilst those from Norway were mixed A1 and A2 mating type populations with high levels of genetic diversity, suggesting periodical sexual reproduction. Isolates collected from cv. Bintje were on average more aggressive than or comparable to isolates from cv. Santé. Race complexity...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Root crops.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/11106/1/speiser%2Detal%2D2007%2Dplant_pathology_56.pdf
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Improvement of late blight management in organic potato production systems in Europe: field tests with more resistant potato varieties and copper based fungicides Organic Eprints
Speiser, B.; Tamm, L.; Amsler, T.; Lambion, J.; Bertrand, C.; Hermansen, A.; Ruissen, M. A.; Haaland, P.; Zarb, J.; Santos, J.; Shotton, P.; Wilcockson, S.; Juntharathep, P.; Ghorbani, R.; Leifert, C..
Late blight of potatoes, caused by Phytophthora infestans, is particularly difficult to prevent or control in organic agriculture. In this study, the host resistance of selected varieties to foliar and tuber blight and their yield under organic growing conditions were assessed in trials carried out in four countries (Switzerland, France, England and Norway) in 2001 and 2002. The objective was to identify new, more resistant varieties which might replace some of the more susceptible varieties which are currently grown in organic agriculture. In each country, five test varieties were compared with two reference varieties, identical for all sites, and with two locally popular varieties. In addition, the effect of copper fungicides was assessed for all...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/8358/1/Speiser_etal_2006_late_blight.pdf
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Assessment of the Socio-Economic Impact of Late Blight and State-of-the-Art Management in European Organic Potato Production Systems Organic Eprints
Tamm, L.; Smit, A. B.; Hospers, M.; Janssens, S.R.M.; Buurma, J.S.; Molgaard, J.-P.; Laerke, P.E.; Hansen, H. H.; Hermans, A.; Bodker, L.; Bertand, C.; Lambion, J.; Finckh, M.R.; Schüler, Chr.; Lammerts van Bueren, E.; Ruissen, T.; Nielsen, B. J.; Solberg, S.; Speiser, B.; Wolfe, M. S.; Phillips, S.; Wilcoxon, S. J.; Leifert, C..
In Europe, late blight, caused by Phytophthora infestans, is the most devastating disease affecting organic (and conventional) potato production. Under suitable environmental conditions the disease can spread rapidly and it can cause complete crop loss. The extent of damage due to late blight depends on several factors: in organic production systems these factors include climate, choice of variety, soil management and use of crop protection agents such as copper. Therefore, the extent of economic damage varies between European regions. This report presents the results of a detailed survey that has been conducted in 7 European countries in the year 2001: (i) statistics on yields, farm gate prices, and production techniques, (ii) an analysis offarmer...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Farm economics; Root crops.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/25358/1/1340-late-blight.pdf
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Assessment of the Socio-Economic Impact of Late Blight and State of the Art of Management in European Organic Potato Production Systems Organic Eprints
Tamm, L.; Smit, A.B.; Hospers, M.; Janssens, S.R.M.; Buurma, J.S.; Molgaard, J.-P.; Laerke, P.E.; Hansen, H.H.; Hermans, A.; Boedker, L.; Bertrand, C.; Lambion, J.; Finckh, M.R.; Schüler, Chr.; Lammerts van Bueren, E.; Ruissen, T.; Nielsen, B.J.; Solberg, S.; Speiser, B.; Wolfe, M.S.; Phillips, S.; Wilcoxon, S.J.; Leifert, C..
In Europe, late blight, caused by Phytophthora infestans, is the most devastating disease affecting organic (and conventional) potato production. Under suitable environmental conditions the disease can spread rapidly and it can cause complete crop loss. The extent of damage due to late blight depends on several factors: in organic production systems these factors include climate, choice of variety, soil management and use of crop protection agents such as copper. Therefore, the extent of economic damage varies between European regions. Council Regulation (EEC) No 2092/91, amended by Commission Regulation (EC) No 473/2002 of 15 March 2002 regulates the use of copper in organic agriculture. Copper has been the single most important control agent in...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Crop health; Quality; Protection Root crops.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/2936/1/tamm%2Det%2Dal%2D2004%2Dblight%2Dmop%2Doe.pdf
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Abschätzung der Auswirkungen der Krautfäule auf den Bio-Kartoffelbau in verschiedenen Europäischen Ländern, sowie Inventar der angewendeten Anbau- und Pflanzenschutzstrategien Organic Eprints
Tamm, L.; Smit, B.; Hospers, M.; Jannsens, B.; Burma, J.; Mølgaard, J.P.; Lærke, P.E.; Hansen, H.H.; Bertrand, C.; Lambion, J.; Finckh, M.; Schüler, C.; Lammerts van Bueren, E.; Ruissen, T.; Solberg, S.; Speiser, B.; S., Philip; M., Wolfe; Leifert, C.
Problemstellung/Ziele Die Kraut- und Knollenfäule (Phytophthora infestans) ist die Krankheit, die im biologischen (aber auch konventionellen) Kartoffelanbau in Europa die größten Probleme verursacht. Unter günstigen klimatischen Bedingungen breitet sich die Krankheit sehr rasch aus und kann große Ertragsausfälle verursachen. Innerhalb von Europa variiert der durch P. infestans verursachte wirtschaftliche Schaden stark zwischen den Regionen. Dies hängt von verschiedenen Faktoren ab, aber in biologisch bewirtschafteten Anbausystemen immt man an, dass die klimatischen Bedingungen, die verwendeten Sorten sowie die agronomischen Maßnahmen wie Bodenbearbeitung oder die Verwendung von Pflanzenschutzmitteln eine wichtige Rolle spielen. Die Reduktion oder das...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Root crops Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/1918/1/tamm%2Det%2Dal%2D2003%2Dbio%2Dartoffel%2Deuropa%2Dinventar.pdf
Registros recuperados: 5
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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