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Study on the microalgal pigments extraction process: Performance of microwave assisted extraction ArchiMer
Pasquet, Virginie; Cherouvrier, Jean-rene; Farhat, Firas; Thiery, Valerie; Piot, Jean-marie; Berard, Jean-baptiste; Kaas, Raymond; Serive, Benoit; Patrice, Thierry; Cadoret, Jean-paul; Picot, Laurent.
The performance of microwaves irradiation (MAE and VMAE) to extract pigments from two marine microalgae was compared to conventional processes (cold and hot soaking and ultrasound-assisted extraction). Pigments were quantified by RP-HPLC and extraction performance was assessed regarding rapidity, reproducibility and extraction yields. Scanning electron microscopy was used at all extraction steps to assess the impact of the process on microalgal cell integrity. Freeze-drying and pigments extraction preserved microalgae cell integrity (except sonication) and evoked agglutination in superposed cells layers. All processes performed on Dunaliella tertiolecta (chlorophyte) lead to rapid pigments extraction, and equivalent pigments extraction yields, the absence...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pigments; Microalgae; Microwave; Extraction; Chlorophyll; Fucoxanthin; Carotene; MAE; VMAE.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00029/14059/11533.pdf
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Antiproliferative Activity of Violaxanthin Isolated from Bioguided Fractionation of Dunaliella tertiolecta Extracts ArchiMer
Pasquet, Virginie; Morisset, Perrine; Ihammouine, Said; Chepied, Amandine; Aumailley, Lucie; Berard, Jean-baptiste; Serive, Benoit; Kaas, Raymond; Lanneluc, Isabelle; Thiery, Valerie; Lafferriere, Mathieu; Piot, Jean-marie; Patrice, Thierry; Cadoret, Jean-paul; Picot, Laurent.
Dunaliella tertiolecta (DT) was chemically investigated to isolate molecules inhibiting cancer cell proliferation and inducing apoptosis in vitro. The potency to inhibit cell growth was used for the bio-guided fractionation and isolation of active compounds using chromatographic techniques. The DT dichloromethane extract exhibited a strong anti-proliferative activity on MCF-7 and LNCaP cells, and was further fractionated and sub-fractionated by RP-HPLC. High resolution mass spectrometry and spectrophotometric analysis unequivocally identified violaxanthin as the most antiproliferative molecule present in DT DCM extract. Violaxanthin purified from DT induced MCF-7 dose- dependent growth inhibition in continuous and discontinuous treatments, at...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pigments; Microalgae; Dunaliella; Violaxanthin; Carotenoid; Cancer; Apoptosis.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00040/15142/12575.pdf
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The Potential of Microalgae for the Production of Bioactive Molecules of Pharmaceutical Interest ArchiMer
Mimouni, Virginie; Ulmann, Lionel; Pasquet, Virginie; Mathieu, Marie; Picot, Laurent; Bougaran, Gael; Cadoret, Jean-paul; Morant-manceau, Annick; Schoefs, Benoit.
Through the photosynthetic activity, microalgae process more than 25% of annual inorganic carbon dissolved in oceans into carbohydrates that ultimately, serve to feed the other levels of the trophic networks. Besides, microalgae synthesize bioactive molecules such as pigments and lipids that exhibit health properties. In addition, abiotic stresses, such as high irradiance, nutrient starvation, UV irradiation, trigger metabolic reorientations ending with the production of other bioactive compounds such as omega-3 fatty acids or carotenoids. Traditionally, these compounds are acquired through the dietary alimentation. The increasing, and often unsatisfied, demand for compounds from natural sources, combined with the decrease of the halieutic resources,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bioactive compound; Alga; Pigment; Lipid; Health benefit; Abiotic stress; Metabolic reorientation; Diatom.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00118/22894/20847.pdf
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Community analysis of pigment patterns from 37 microalgae strains reveals new carotenoids and porphyrins characteristic of distinct strains and taxonomic groups ArchiMer
Serive, Benoit; Nicolau, Elodie; Berard, Jean-baptiste; Kaas, Raymond; Pasquet, Virginie; Picot, Laurent; Cadoret, Jean-paul.
Phytoplankton, with an estimated 30 000 to 1 000 000 species clustered in 12 phyla, presents a high taxonomic and ecophysiological diversity, reflected by the complex distribution of pigments among the different algal classes. High performance liquid chromatography is the gold standard method for qualitative and quantitative analysis of phytoplankton pigments in seawater and culture samples, but only a few pigments can be used as robust chemotaxonomic markers. A major challenge is thus to identify new ones, characteristic of a strain, species, class or taxon that cannot be currently identified on the basis of its pigment signature. Using an optimized extraction process coupled to a HPLC de-replication strategy, we examined the pigment composition of 37...
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Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00373/48416/48627.pdf
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