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WHY AND HOW SHOULD THE GOVERNMENT FINANCE PUBLIC GOODS IN RURAL AREAS? A REVIEW OF ARGUMENTS AgEcon
Petrick, Martin.
This paper reviews three arguments why government should not directly finance public goods provision in the countryside: (1) sorting and voting of residents leads to efficient local public goods provision, (2) community governance may better cope with incomplete contracting in public goods, and (3) public provision drives out voluntary private provision of public goods. Theory and empirical evidence partly support these arguments. The adequate level of rural governance appears to be often below the European or national level, and policy should focus on the institutional premises of public goods provision rather than on centralized payments to public good providers.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Rural areas; Public goods; Institutions; Agricultural policy reform; Public Economics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14961
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Domestic Support Reform? A Closer Look at EU Policies Applied to Processed Fruits and Vegetables AgEcon
Rickard, Bradley J.; Sumner, Daniel A..
Recent trade negotiations have attracted much attention to the consequences of domestic support applied to agricultural markets. In various markets, researchers have examined the economic effects of regimes and scenarios with less, or different forms of, domestic support including decoupled payments. Here we examine the domestic support regimes for processed fruits and vegetables in the European Union (EU) where major policy changes were applied in 2001 and again in 2008. The changes were billed as policy “reform” but no analysis has yet evaluated quantitatively the nature of what was reformed and what was not. A simulation model is used here to assess the price, production, and welfare effects of policies that have been applied to the EU processing tomato...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy reform; Domestic support; Horticultural markets; European Union; Common Agricultural Policy; Processing tomatoes; Simulation analysis; Agricultural and Food Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51174
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Transition to Decoupled Rice Support and Its Production Effects in Korea AgEcon
Lim, Song-Soo.
Abolishing a nearly 50-year-old policy for rice price support, Korea adopted a new direct payment program in 2005. Making the transition to decoupled income support has been governed by the need for operative and effective income safety nets and the WTO disciplines on domestic support. The program aims to deal with over-supply of rice while guarding against the threat of income insecurity. Integrated into a target price mechanism, the fixed and variable payments compensate part of farm income loss arising from adverse market conditions. An empirical estimation based on the farm-level data is performed to test the degree of a linkage between rice support and production. The analysis suggests that rice support have only marginal influence on production with...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Rice; Decoupled support; Direct payments; Agricultural policy reform; Korea; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45680
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The Current Round of Agricultural Trade Negotiations: Should We Bother About Domestic Support? AgEcon
Rae, Allan N.; Strutt, Anna.
The current WTO agricultural trade negotiations began in March 2000 and became part of the Doha Development Agenda in late 2001. The previous Uruguay Round reached agricultural agreements in the areas of market access, export competition and domestic support. The current round is seeking agreements under similar headings. The effort to reach agreement over reductions in domestic support to farmers is complicated by a number of factors,for example, the extent to which such support affects production decisions, the wishes of governments to support farmers for pursuing multifunctional outcomes from agriculture, and the categorisation of a myriad of policy instruments into green, blue and amber boxes. These complications pose the risk of considerably extending...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy reform; CGE modelling; Decoupled policies; Domestic support; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23881
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