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Registros recuperados: 85
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Stable isotope ratios in bentho-demersal biota along a depth gradient in the bay of biscay: A multitrophic study ArchiMer
Schaal, Gauthier; Nerot, Caroline; Grall, Jacques; Chouvelon, Tiphaine; Lorrain, Anne; Mortillaro, Jean-michel; Savoye, Nicolas; Brind'Amour, Anik; Paulet, Yves-marie; Le Bris, Herve.
Although stable isotope ratios are increasingly used to investigate the trophic ecology of marine organisms, their spatial variations are still poorly understood in the coastal environment. In this study, we measured the stable isotope composition (δ13C, δ15N) of suspended particulate organic matter (SPOM) (primary producer), a suspension feeder, the great scallop Pecten maximus (primary consumer), megabenthic decapods and benthic fishes (secondary consumers) along a depth gradient (from 5m to 155m depth) across the continental shelf of the Bay of Biscay. Although the three trophic levels exhibited similar δ13C patterns along the gradient, the δ15N patterns varied between SPOM, scallops and carnivores. The δ15N difference between SPOM and scallops...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Trophic; Coastal; Bivalves; Food web; Bay of Biscay.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00288/39921/38481.pdf
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Systematic detection of BMAA (β-N-methylamino-L-alanine) and DAB (2,4-diaminobutyric acid) in mollusks collected in shellfish production areas along the French coasts ArchiMer
Reveillon, Damien; Sechet, Veronique; Hess, Philipp; Amzil, Zouher.
The neurotoxin β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) is naturally present in some microalgal species in the marine environment. The accumulation of BMAA has widely been observed in filter-feeding bivalves that are known to consume primary producers constituting the base of complex aquatic food webs. This study was performed to assess the occurrence of BMAA and isomers in mollusks collected from nine representative shellfish production areas located on the three French coasts (Channel, Atlantic and Mediterranean sites). The use of a highly selective and sensitive HILIC-MS/MS method, with D5DAB as internal standard, revealed the systematic detection of BMAA and DAB, in concentrations ranging from 0.20 to 6.7 μg g-1 dry weight of digestive gland tissues of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: BMAA; Chaetoceros; Thalassiosira; Phaeodactylum; Bivalves; Seafood.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00297/40780/39784.pdf
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The identification of genes from the oyster Crassostrea gigas that are differentially expressed in progeny exhibiting opposed susceptibility to summer mortality ArchiMer
Huvet, Arnaud; Herpin, Amaury; Degremont, Lionel; Labreuche, Yannick; Samain, Jean-francois; Cunningham, Charles.
Summer mortality associated with juveniles of the oyster Crassostrea gigas is probably the result of a complex interaction between the host, pathogens and environmental factors. Genetic variability in the host appears to be a major determinant in its sensitivity to summer mortality. Previously, divergent selection criteria based on summer survival have been applied to produce oyster families with resistant and susceptible progeny. In this paper, we describe the use of suppression subtractive hybridization to generate 150 C gigas clones that were differentially regulated between resistant and susceptible F2 progeny. The nucleotide sequence of these clones was determined. In 28%, the inferred amino sequence was found to match the products of known genes, 14%...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Suppression subtractive hybridization; Oysters; Differentially regulated genes; Bivalves; Bacterial challenge.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/publication-651.pdf
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Toxicity to bivalve hemocytes of pathogenic Vibrio cytoplasmic extract ArchiMer
Lambert, Christian; Nicolas, Jean-louis; Bultel, Valérie.
Using a chemiluminescence (CL) test, it had been previously demonstrated that Vibrio pectenicida, which is pathogenic to Pecten maximus larvae, was able to inhibit completely the CL activity of P, maximus hemocytes and partially inhibit those of Crassostrea gigas, Conversely, a Vibrio sp, strain, S322, pathogenic to C,gigas larvae was more active in reducing the CL activity of oyster hemocytes than of scallop hemocytes, Using this same CL biotest, V, pectenicida and S322 cytoplasmic extracts were shown to reproduce CL inhibition while the cytoplasmic extract of a nonpathogenic strain (U1, Pseudoalteromonas) was without effect. Moreover, cytoplasmic extract as well as live V, pectenicida cells provoked, within a few hours, death of P. maximus hemocytes...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalves; Hemocyte; Toxin; Chemiluminescence; Crassostrea gigas; Pecten maximus; Vibrio pectenicida.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/publication-466.pdf
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Viruses infecting bivalve molluscs ArchiMer
Renault, Tristan; Novoa, Beatriz.
Bivalve molluscs are filter feeders and as a consequence they may bioaccumulate in their tissues viruses that infect humans and higher vertebrates. However, there have also been described mortalities of bivalve molluscs associated with viruses belonging to different families. Mass mortalities of adult Portuguese oysters, Crassostrea angulata, among French livestocks (between 1967 and 1973) were associated with irido-like virus infections. Herpesviruses were reported in the eastern oyster, Pacific oyster and European flat oyster and lately in scallops and clams. Disseminated neoplasia, a proliferative cell disorder of the circulatory system of bivalves, although of uncertain aetiology, has been suggested to be caused by retroviral infections. Other viruses...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Infection; Virus; Molluscs; Bivalves.
Ano: 2004 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/publication-2910.pdf
Registros recuperados: 85
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