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Registros recuperados: 6
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Oil and Agriculture in the Post-Separation Sudan AgEcon
Siddig, Khalid H.A..
The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which was signed by the government of Sudan and the Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) ended more than 20 years of civil war. According to the CPA, the Sudan’s government has 50% of the oil exploited from the wells existing in the south in addition to the oil produced from the northern wells. The latter represents about 30% of the total oil production in Sudan. In January 2011, the people in southern Sudan have voted for separation from the Sudan and in July 2011 the Republic of South Sudan was officially announced as Africa’s newest state. Now the CPA period is over and the south possesses its entire production of oil, but need to use the export infrastructure that exists in the north to export it. For...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Oil; Agriculture; Sudan; South Sudan; Separation; CGE modelling; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; C6; D5; D6; F1; F2; H5; N5.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122341
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Removing border protection on wheat and rice: effects on rural income and food self-sufficiency in China AgEcon
Mai, Yinhua.
In this paper, I use the Monash Multi-Country model – a dynamic Computable General Equilibrium model of China, Australia and the Rest of the World – to analyse the effects of removing border protection on wheat and rice in China. The analysis points to the possibility that removing border protection on wheat and rice may lead to an increase in rural income in China. This is mainly due to the following two factors. First, removing border protection on wheat and rice not only leads to a contraction in agricultural activities, but also leads to an expansion in manufacturing and services activities. Second, on average, rural households in China obtain over half of their income from manufacturing and services activities.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: CGE modelling; China; Rural income; Wheat and rice; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118533
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Dynamic general equilibrium analysis of improved weed management in Australia's winter cropping systems AgEcon
Wittwer, Glyn; Vere, David T.; Jones, Randall E.; Griffith, Garry R..
A recent analysis indicated that the direct financial cost of weeds to Australia’s winter grain sectorwas approximately $A1.2bn in 1998–1999. Costs of thismagnitude represent a large recurring productivity loss in an agricultural sector that is sufficient to impact significantly on regional economies.Using amulti-regional dynamic computable general equilibrium model, we simulate the general equilibrium effects of a hypothetical successful campaign to reduce the economic costs of weeds. We assume that an additional $50m of R&D spread over five years is targeted at reducing the additional costs and reduced yields arising from weeds in various broadacre crops. Following this R&D effort, one-tenth of the losses arising from weeds is temporarily...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: CGE modelling; Dynamics; Weed management; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118584
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Measuring the impacts of the CAP in Spain: A CGE model approach AgEcon
Philippidis, George.
The Mid Term Review introduced a decoupling of agricultural support from production decisions, although with opt-out clauses for specific payments in particular sectors. The ‘Health Check’ seeks to deepen the degree of decoupling, whilst importantly for Spain, offers the option of extending this model of support to the fruit and vegetables sectors. Employing a computable general equilibrium model, this paper sets out to quantitatively assess the agro-food and macroeconomic impacts of the Mid Term Review and Health Check proposals in Spain. With greater decoupling, agricultural output falls slightly, whilst resources are reallocated in favour of arable activities.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: CAP; CGE modelling; ORANI; Mid term review; Health check.; Agricultural and Food Policy; C68; Q18..
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94626
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THE EFFECTS OF SINGLE FARM PAYMENTS ON SCOTTISH AGRICULTURE: A CGE MODELING APPROACH AgEcon
Gelan, Ayele; Schwarz, Gerald.
Using a CGE model calibrated on Scottish data, this paper examines two important issues related to evaluating impacts of the Single Farm Payment. These are specification of product transformation functions and investigation into supply elasticity parameter. Simulation results from a standard CGE were compared with those from an alternative optimisation framework proposed in this study. The latter yielded a policy effect that is likely to represent behaviour of a profit maximising farmer. The parameter sensitivity analysis showed the important role differences in supply conditions can play; which implied a need for further econometric studies to estimate supply parameters.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Single farm payments; Decoupling; Multi-output farming; Farm types; CET function; CGE modelling; Agricultural Finance; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6470
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The Current Round of Agricultural Trade Negotiations: Should We Bother About Domestic Support? AgEcon
Rae, Allan N.; Strutt, Anna.
The current WTO agricultural trade negotiations began in March 2000 and became part of the Doha Development Agenda in late 2001. The previous Uruguay Round reached agricultural agreements in the areas of market access, export competition and domestic support. The current round is seeking agreements under similar headings. The effort to reach agreement over reductions in domestic support to farmers is complicated by a number of factors,for example, the extent to which such support affects production decisions, the wishes of governments to support farmers for pursuing multifunctional outcomes from agriculture, and the categorisation of a myriad of policy instruments into green, blue and amber boxes. These complications pose the risk of considerably extending...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy reform; CGE modelling; Decoupled policies; Domestic support; WTO; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23881
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