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Registros recuperados: 39
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MACROECONOMIC FACTORS AND THE THOROUGHBRED INDUSTRY AgEcon
Karungu, Peter; Reed, Michael R.; Tvedt, Douglas D..
A capitalization approach is used to estimate econometrically the effects of exchange rate, interest rate and tax law changes on thoroughbred yearling prices. The analysis found that exchange rate and tax law changes have significantly influenced yearling prices since the early 1980s. Another serious price-reducing event was the 1986 tax law change. Both of these factors have counteracted the positive impact of increased purse rates on yearling prices.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Exchange rate; Macroeconomics; Tax laws; Purse rates; Thoroughbreds; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15208
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EMU AND FOREST PRODUCTS PRICING AND EUROPE AgEcon
Hanninen, Riitta; Laaksonen-Craig, Susanna; Toppinen, Anne.
In previous literature, the degree of exchange rate pass-through to importing country’s currency has often been found to be incomplete, which supports the idea of imperfect competition in the forest products markets. In this study, exchange rate pass-through is examined by employing a mark-up model for the UK and German pulp and newsprint markets for 1986–97. Two specifications are compared, one where exchange rates in importing countries are employed and the other that attributes for the fact that US dollar is largely used in pricing for forest industry products in Europe. In contrast to previous studies, our estimates indicate very low degrees of pass-through, which is consistent with competitive European markets for pulp and paper. Consequently,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Exchange rate; Pass-through; Pricing currency; Pulp; Newsprint; Stumpage prices; Cointegration; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/36502
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Does the U.S. Midwest Have a Cost Advantage Over China in Producing Corn, Soybeans, and Hogs? AgEcon
Fang, Cheng; Fabiosa, Jacinto F..
China's accession to the World Trade Organization, a significant event for U.S. agricultural trade, has been viewed as benefitting U.S. farmers, especially midwestern farmers. This research compares the productivity and cost of production (COP) of China and the United States in producing corn, soybeans, and hogs. The results show that the U.S. Midwest (defined in this study as the Heartland region as classified by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Economic Research Service) has a substantial advantage in land and labor productivities in producing corn and soybeans, especially compared to China's South and West producing regions. However, China's Northeast region, a major corn- and soybean-producing area, has a very competitive COP over the U.S. Midwest....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade; Competitiveness; Corn; Cost of production; Exchange rate; Hogs; Land policy; Productivity; Soybeans; U.S. Midwest versus China; Agricultural Finance; Production Economics; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18688
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EXCHANGE RATE EFFECTS ON AGRICULTURAL TRADE AgEcon
Orden, David.
With sustained appreciation of the U.S. dollar over the past 4 years, the exchange rate has again taken on importance for agriculture. This overview paper revisits the analysis of exchange rate impacts, reviewing the relevant conceptual arguments, summarizing the evidence economists and agricultural economists have marshaled from the 1970s and the 1980s and from several more recent papers, presenting some illustrative recent empirical analysis of exchange rate effects, and briefly examining the detrimental consequences that sustained appreciation of the dollar is having on U.S. farm policy.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural policy; Agricultural trade; Exchange rate; International Relations/Trade; F31; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15466
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Money-Income Relationships between Three ERM Countries AgEcon
Choudhry, Taufiq.
This paper investigates the monetary interdependence and the money-income relationship between countries under a pegged and a floating exchange rate system during the same time period (1979-1997). The relationship is tested between three ERM countries, France, Germany and Holland, and also between these countries and the United States. The ERM countries have a pegged exchange rate between themselves, and the rate between these countries and the United States is freely floating. The empirical tests are conducted by means of the Johansen multivariate cointegration method and the error correction model. Among the ERM countries, international transmission of monetary policy is found in almost all directions. This may provide evidence against the theory of...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Monetary policy; Cointegration; Error correction; Speed of adjustment; Exchange rate; Public Economics; E50; E52.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44428
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THE EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE VOLATILITY ON WHEAT TRADE WORLDWIDE AgEcon
Sun, Changyou; Kim, Mina; Koo, Won W.; Cho, Guedae; Jin, Hyun Joung.
A modified gravity-type model was employed to evaluate the effect of exchange rate volatility on wheat exports worldwide. Special attention was given to the econometric properties of the gravity model within a panel framework. Short and long-term measures of exchange rate volatility were constructed and compared. Both measures of exchange rate volatility exhibited negative effects on world wheat trade, with even greater effects in the long-term measure. This result implies that exchange rate volatility is an important factor in explaining the trade pattern of wheat worldwide.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Wheat; Export; Exchange rate; Volatility; Gravity model; And panel data.; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23579
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THE EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE VOLATILITY ON WHEAT TRADE WORLDWIDE AgEcon
Sun, Changyou; Kim, Mina; Koo, Won W.; Cho, Guedae; Jin, Hyun Joung.
A modified gravity-type model was employed to evaluate the effect of exchange rate volatility on wheat exports worldwide. Special attention was given to the econometric properties of the gravity model within panel framework. Short and long-term measures of exchange rate volatility were constructed and compared. Both measures of exchange rate volatility have exhibited a negative effect on world wheat trade and the long-term effect was even larger. This result implies that exchange rate volatility is an important factor in explaining the trade pattern of wheat trade worldwide. Keywords: wheat, export, exchange rate, volatility, gravity model, and panel data.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Wheat; Export; Exchange rate; Volatility; Gravity model; And panel data.; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19766
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THIRD COUNTRY EFFECTS ON U.S. WHEAT EXPORT PERFORMANCE IN ASIAN COUNTRIES AgEcon
Jin, Hyun Joung; Cho, Guedae; Koo, Won W..
This study examines third country effects on U.S. wheat export performance in Asian countries. An import demand model is developed to analyze the impacts of price competitiveness, exchange rates, and exchange rate volatilities on U.S. wheat market shares. The United States competes with Australia and Canada in the Asian wheat market. Empirical results show that two factors, Australian wheat price and U.S. dollar values against the Asian countries' currencies, have significant effects on U.S. market shares in this region. Furthermore, exchange rate risks between the exporting and importing countries are found to be important.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International grain trade; Market share; Exchange rate; Panel analysis.; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23529
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A General Equilibrium Analysis of the Impact of Inward FDI on Ghana: The Role of Complementary Policies AgEcon
Arbenser, Lawrence.
The need for external capital (FDI) inflow to finance the current account deficit of developing countries cannot be over-emphasized. Foreign direct investment takes predominance over other types of capital inflow into developing countries. How would an increase in FDI and a reduction in import tariff levels in isolation affect household welfare and other macroeconomic indicators? How would the concurrent application of the two enhance the expected impact? This paper explores the above questions by using a Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model for Ghana, implemented in the General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS) to carry out specific counterfactual simulations. This paper concludes that the primary benefit of an increase in FDI inflow for a...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: FDI; Import tariff; CGE; Ghana; GAMS; Household welfare trade deficit; Exchange rate; Import; Export; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18829
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Third-Country Effects on the Market Shares of U.S. Wheat in Asian Countries AgEcon
Jin, Hyun Joung; Cho, Guedae; Koo, Won W..
An import demand model, augmented with third-country effect variables, is developed to examine the effects of strong U.S. dollar, volatility of the U.S. dollar, and competition among the exporting countries on the shares of U.S. wheat in Asian markets. In the empirical model, the dependent variable is the market shares of U.S. wheat. Explanatory variables include wheat prices of exporting countries, exchange rates between the importing and exporting countries, and volatilities of the exchange rates. Panel estimation results show that the U.S. currency values and volatility, Australian wheat price, and the volatilities of Canadian and Australian currency values have significant effects on U.S. market shares.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Exchange rate; International grain trade; Market share; Panel analysis; Panel unit-root test; Third country effect; F14; Q17.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43478
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DYNAMICS IN THE MACROECONOMY AND THE U.S. AGRICULTURAL TRADE BALANCE AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Koo, Won W..
The effects of the exchange rate and the income and money supply of the United States and its major trading partners on the U.S. agricultural trade balance are examined using an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model. Results suggest that the exchange rate is the key determinant of the short- and long-run behavior of the trade balance. It is also found that the income and money supply in both the United States and the trading partners have significant impacts on the U.S. agricultural trade in both the short- and long-run.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade balance; Autoregressive distributed lag model; Exchange rate; Income; Macroeconomy; Money supply; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23619
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The Growing U.S. Trade Deficit in Consumer-Oriented Agricultural Products AgEcon
Zhuang, Renan; Koo, Won W.; Mattson, Jeremy W..
We investigate the factors behind the growing U.S. trade deficit in consumer-oriented agricultural products by using reliable panel data and an empirical trade model derived from international trade theory. The results indicate that per capita income in the United States appears to be the most important determinant for the growing U.S. trade deficit. An increase in per capita income and trade liberalization in foreign countries would improve U.S. trade balance. U.S. foreign direct investment abroad in food manufactures, a strong U.S. dollar and NAFTA are found to have negative effects on U.S. trade balance.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer-oriented agricultural products; Trade balance; Trade deficit; Exchange rate; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade; F14; Q17.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9839
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Determinants of the U.S. Trade Balance in Consumer-Oriented Agricultural Products AgEcon
Zhuang, Renan; Koo, Won W.; Mattson, Jeremy W..
This study investigates the factors behind the growing U.S. trade deficit in consumer-oriented agricultural and food products by using reliable panel data and an empirical trade model derived from international trade theory. The results indicate that per capita income in the United States appears to be the most important determinant for the growing U.S. trade deficit. Increases in per capita income and trade liberalization in foreign countries improve the U.S. trade balance. U.S. foreign direct investment abroad in food processing, a strong U.S. dollar, and NAFTA are found to have negative effects on the U.S. trade balance.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consumer-oriented products; Trade balance; Trade deficit; Exchange rate; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9079
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Dynamic Interrelationships between the U.S. Agricultural Trade Balance and the Macroeconomy AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Koo, Won W..
The effects of the exchange rate and the income and money supply of the United States and its major trading partners on the U.S. agricultural trade balance are examined using an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model. Results suggest that the exchange rate is the key determinant of the short-and long-run behavior of the trade balance. It is also found that the income and money supply in both the United States and the trading partners have significant impacts on U.S. agricultural trade in both the short and long run.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade balance; Autoregressive distributed lag model; Exchange rate; Income; Macroeconomy; Money supply; International Relations/Trade; C32; F14; Q17.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6301
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Exchange Rate Sensitivity of Mexican Maize Imports from the United States AgEcon
Sarker, Rakhal; Jaramillo-Villanueva, Jose Luis.
Since the implementation of NAFTA in 1994 agri-food trade between Mexico and the United States grew substantially. While some analysts argue that NAFTA has contributed the most, others have emphasized the role played by exchange rate in this process. An attempt is made in this paper to address this issue by determining the extent to which NAFTA, expansion of the livestock sector, exchange rate and exchange rate variability have contributed to the expansion of Mexican maize imports from the United States from January 1989 to December 2004.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Maize trade; Exchange rate; Volatility of exchange rate; Livestock inventory; Cointegration analysis; Error-correction model; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9864
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Estimating the Effects of Exchange Rate Volatility on Export Volumes AgEcon
Wang, Kai-Li; Barrett, Christopher B..
This paper takes a new empirical look at the long-standing question of the effect of exchange rate volatility on international trade flows by studying the case of Taiwan's exports to the United States from 1989-1998. In particular, we employ sectoral-level, monthly data and an innovative multivariate GARCH-M estimator with corrections for leptokurtic errors. This estimator allows for the possibility that traders' forward-looking contracting behavior might condition the way in which exchange rate movement and associated risk affect trade volumes. Change in importing country industrial production and change in the expected exchange rate are found to jointly drive the trade volumes. More strikingly, monthly exchange rate volatility affects agricultural trade...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural trade; Exchange rate; Expectations; GARCH; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8643
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Mudanças cambiais e o efeito dos fatores de crescimento das receitas de exportações brasileiras de soja AgEcon
Souza, Sonia Sueli Serafim de; Lamera, Janice Alves; Bonjour, Sandra Cristina de Moura; Figueiredo, Adriano Marcos Rodrigues.
This paper analyzes exchange rate, export quantity and foreign soybean price in soybean export revenues between 1994 and 2005. We used the shift-share method which allowed the isolation of effects for each variable. The results evidenced that even with adverse exchange rates and foreign prices the quantities exported were increasing in almost all the period. The two main trade policies in act by the Brazilian Government, since the beginning of the Real Plan in 1994, were clearly decisive for the increase in soybean export revenues and exported quantities.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Exchange rate; Export revenues; Soybean; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55170
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O EFEITO DAS IMPORTAÇÕES MUNDIAIS SOBRE AS EXPORTAÇÕES DO AGRONEGÓCIO BRASILEIRO – UMA ANÁLISE EMPÍRICA PARA O PERÍODO 2000/2007 AgEcon
Spolador, Humberto Francisco Silva; Barros, Geraldo Sant'Ana de Camargo.
Ao longo do período 2000/2007 o setor externo do agronegócio brasileiro encontrou uma conjuntura altamente favorável para o aumento de suas exportações, pois se combinou uma situação de forte expansão da economia mundial com elevação dos preços internacionais de commodities. No âmbito interno, os ganhos de produtividade permitiram o avanço das exportações, enquanto que a valorização cambial, iniciada em meados de 2004, praticamente eliminou os efeitos positivos da elevação dos preços internacionais. Esse trabalho mostra que, a despeito dos efeitos negativos da valorização cambial, o crescimento das importações mundiais teve efeito relevante (em torno de 20%) no aumento das exportações brasileiras do agronegócio entre os anos de 2000 e...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Importações mundiais; Taxa de câmbio; Exportações do agronegócio; World imports; Exchange rate; Agribusiness exports; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109811
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Histerese no comércio internacional brasileiro: uma análise por modelos ARFIMA AgEcon
Maia, Sinezio Fernandes; Jubert, Roberto Wagner; Paixao, Marcia Cristina.
Após a abertura comercial em 1998, grandes mudanças ocorreram no comércio exterior nacional devido sucessivos choques cambiais aos quais a economia foi exposta. A literatura de referência sugere que grandes choques na taxa de câmbio induzem mudanças persistentes na relação entre a taxa de câmbio e o comércio. Este fenômeno é conhecido por histerese. Desta forma, o objetivo deste trabalho é evidenciar a existência de histerese no comércio internacional brasileiro, com interesse particular no setor agrícola. Os resultados indicaram evidências de histerese simples na taxa de câmbio e nas importações brasileiras, e de histerese fraca no setor agrícola e nas exportações. Conclui-se que a mudança de regime cambial em 1999 e a unificação cambial em 2005...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agrícola; ARFIMA; Histerese; Quebra estrutural; Taxa de Câmbio; Agricultural. ARFIMA; Exchange rate; Hysteresis; Structural breaks; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102896
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Growing U.S. Trade Deficit in Consumer-Oriented Agricultural Products AgEcon
Zhuang, Renan; Koo, Won W.; Mattson, Jeremy W..
We investigate the factors behind the growing U.S. trade deficit in consumer-oriented agricultural products by using reliable panel data and an empirical trade model derived from international trade theory. The results indicate that per capita income in the United States appears to be the most important determinant for the growing U.S. trade deficit of consumer-oriented agricultural products. An increase in per capita income and trade liberalization in foreign countries would improve the U.S. trade balance. U.S. foreign direct investment abroad in food manufactures and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) are found to have negative effects on the U.S. trade balance.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer-oriented products; Exchange rate; Trade balance; Trade deficit; Agribusiness; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade; F14; Q17.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47270
Registros recuperados: 39
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