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Agroecology and Social Sciences. In the perspectives of multidisiplinarity Organic Eprints
Noe, Egon; Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted.
In our presentation we will focus on agroecology and the problems of sustainable agroecosystems regulation, by including a multiperspectival approach (Alrøe and Noe 2011) and a social systems theoretical perspective, based primarily on theories of Niklas Luhmann, Bruno Latour, and Charles Peirce. We will address two main challenges raised by our view on agroecology, the epistemological challenge of how to observe agroecosystems as a whole, and the ontological challenge of how to understand the existence of agroecosystems independently of perspectives.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Systems research and participatory research; Social aspects; Research methodology and philosophy.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25731/7/25731.pdf
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Agroecology and Social Sciences Regulation of Agroecosystems Organic Eprints
Noe, Egon; Alrøe, Hugo Fjelsted.
Agroecology and Law: A Transdisciplinary Dialogue. Presentation on international conference.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Research methodology and philosophy; Knowledge management.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/25972/7/25972.pdf
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Agroekologie: východiska pro udržitelné zemědělské hospodaření Organic Eprints
Sarapatka , Borivoj; Abrahamova, Miluse; Cizkova, Stanislava; Dotlacil, Ladislav; Hluchy, Milan; Kren, Jan; Kuras, Tomas; Lastuvka, Zdenek; Lososova, Zdenka; Pokorny, Eduard; Pokorny, Jan; Pokorny, Radovan; Salasova, Alena; Tkadlec, Emil; Tuf, Ivan; Vacha, Marek; Zamecnik, Vaclav; Zeidler, Miloslav; Zalud, Zdenek.
Kniha ukazuje, že k dlouhodobému řešení problémů moderního zemědělství je možno dospět jedině restrukturalizací a takovou správou zemědělských systémů, která změní jejich podobu a fungování na základě agroekologie. Agroekologie je věděcká disciplína, která využívá ekologické teorie ke studiu, designu, managementu a hodnocení produktivních zemědělských systémů, jež současně chrání přírodní zdroje. Kniha se zaměřuje jak na tradiční obhospodařování pro praktické zemědělce tak sofistikované využití ekosystémových poznatků. Kniha slouží jako učebnice pro moderní zemědělský provoz tak pro akademickou obec.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/20510/1/Agroekologie%2Dob%C3%A1lka1.pdf
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Agroforestry i økologisk husdyrproduktion Organic Eprints
Kongsted, A.G.; Hermansen, J.E..
Er agroforestry en mulig udviklingsvej for økologisk husdyrproduktion. Dette undersøges i et stort europæisk projekt, AGFORWARD, som involverer forskere og landmænd fra 10 lande, herunder Danmark.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Animal husbandry; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/26737/6/26737.pdf
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Agroforestry Options in Northwest Vietnam Organic Eprints
Hoa, Thi Do; Whitney, Cory W.; Luedeling, Eike.
The mountainous northwest of Vietnam is home for the majority of the country’s ethnic minorities. Poverty and food insecurity are common in the region, increasing population and land scarcity have induced the expansion of agricultural areas and consequent decline of land productivity due to soil erosion and land degradation. Local farmers have begun to practice agroforestry through the introduction of high value trees into traditional cropping systems with various combinations of timber, fruit, nut forage trees and annual crops. However, because of inherent production risks and many remaining uncertainties, assessing the long-term performance of agroforestry has remained challenging. We simulated prospective system benefits of agroforestry options by...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Specific methods.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34099/1/Do%20et%20al%202018.pdf
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Agroforestry: Reconciling Production with Protection of the Environment Organic Eprints
Smith, Jo.
Leaflet summarising agro-forestry, and outlining the work needed to move agroforestry into the mainstream.
Tipo: Other Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Farming Systems.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/18342/2/ORC_Leaflet_agroforestry_overview_2010.pdf
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Agroforestry: Reconciling Production with Protection of the Environment A Synopsis of Research Literature Organic Eprints
Smith, Jo.
This is a synopsis of research literature that investigates the potential of temperate agroforestry as a sustainable production system. Agroforestry is a concept of integrated land use that combines elements of agriculture and forestry. An emphasis on managing rather than reducing complexity promotes a functionally biodiverse system that balances productivity with environmental protection.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Farming Systems; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/18172/1/Agroforestry_synopsis.pdf
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Agroforestry Survey: A Summary of Response Organic Eprints
Lewis, Sophie.
This paper discusses the results of a survey conducted by the Organic Research Centre’s Agroecology Programme to gain an understanding of how landowners in the UK are currently using the woody components on their land, in order to assess whether there is potential from landowners to gain more both economically and ecologically from the woody components. This survey was intended to reach a wide audience of landowners that practiced both organic and non-organic farming. Organisations that helped to distribute this survey are listed in Appendix 1. The survey was a voluntary online survey, therefore the assumption is that landowners that took part would have had an interest in this topic and therefore may not be representative of all UK landowners. From...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Farming Systems; Landscape and recreation; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/19174/1/Agroforestry_Survey_Report_final.pdf
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Agromere: how to integrate urban agriculture in the development of the Dutch city of Almere? Organic Eprints
Jansma, Ir. Jan Eelco; Visser, Dr. Andries; De Wolf, Ir. Pieter; Stobbelaar, Dr.Ir. Derk-Jan.
Urban agriculture produces green city areas with as an extra dimension providing food, energy, care, education or recreation for the civilians. And thus it can contribute to a more sustainable and liveable cities. The objective of the project Agromere is to create a process which will lead to a new residential quarter where agriculture is fully integrated in city live. Agromere is situated in the fast growing city of Almere, the Netherlands. In a combined stakeholder and design process a township is designed which integrates living (5,000 inhabitants) with urban agriculture on 250 ha. During this process an enthusiastic network of stakeholders has been established which developed innovating and unique ideas on urban farming. The potential for organic...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy; Farming Systems.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/12812/1/12812.pdf
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Agronomic factors affecting yield and quality of extractable leaf protein 1 concentrate (LPC) in forage crops Organic Eprints
Ytting, Nanna Karkov; Thorup-Kristensen, Kristian.
The study aims to find the optimal cutting strategy and forage plant species for organic production of leaf 11 protein concentrate (LPC) and to investigate if sulfur fertilization have a positive effect on the content of the 12 sulfur containing amino acids cystine and methionine. The protein recovery in green juice and amino acid 13 composition of the proteins were measured for 23 common and alternative forage species grown in an 14 organic cropping trial. Total protein yield in green juice was measured for three different cutting strategies (2, 15 3 and 4 cuts per season) in three different forage species mixtures. The forage species mixtures were given 16 three levels of sulfur fertilization (0, 30 and 60 kg S ha-1). Results indicated that the economic...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Pasture and forage crops; Farming Systems.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33331/1/Manuscript_Agronomic%20factors%20affecting%20yield%20and%20quality%20of%20Leaf%20Protein%20Concentrate.pdf
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Agronomic performance and yield stability of pea-barley intercropping in European organic farming system. Organic Eprints
Monti, Michele; Crozat, Yves; Dahlmann, Christoff; Dibet, Audrey; von Fragstein, Peter; Gooding, Mike J.; Hauggaard Nielsen, Henrik; Jensen, Erik S.; Kasyanova, Elena; Bellostas Muguerza, Natalia; Pristeri, Aurelio.
Intercropping of cereal and grain legumes in European cropping system (INTERCROP) is an European Project in which a multidisciplinary team of scientist conducts research on intercropping under different regional organic cropping systems. The project’s core experiments was a field trial in which pea and barley were intercropped in spring sowing and compared with respective sole crops during 2003-2005. One of the main deliverables of the Project (Workpackage 2) was the evaluation of agronomic performance of intercrop in term of yield advantage and yield stability. Results of this activity carried out, in five European Countries (Denmark, France, Germany, Italy and United Kingdom) in the basic field experiments, are presented in this contribution.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Farming Systems.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/7519/1/Monti1.pdf
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Åkerproduksjon uten pløying. Organic Eprints
Pommeresche, Reidun.
Moyer gjestet nylig Norge, med foredrag om økologisk landbruk med lite jordarbeiding og hovedfokus på vekstskifte og dekkvekster, kalt «organic no-till farming». Ved det økologiske senteret Rodale i Pennsylvania har de drevet feltforsøk og utprøvinger i over 30 år. De mener det er viktig at jorda er plantedekket hele tiden, dette for å hindre erosjon, holde på næringsstoffene og for å holde jordlivet aktivt og bedre jordstrukturen. Jeff Moyer sammenliknet jordlivet med en gjeng idrettsutøvere. For å kunne omdanne mye organisk materiale nytter det ikke å ligge på sofaen mesteparten av året, for så å skulle prestere maksimalt i en kort periode om våren. Derfor er plantedekke og jevnlig tilgang på organisk materiale (røtter og roteksudater) viktig for å...
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Soil.
Ano: 2016
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Allelopatik Etkiye Sahip Bazı Kültür Bitkileri ve Bitki Artıklarının Organik Bağda Yabancı Otlara Karşı Kullanımı Organic Eprints
İşçi, Burçak; Türkseven, Süleyman; Altindisli, Ahmet.
Çalışma 2005-2006 üretim sezonunda Ege Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Bahçe Bitkileri Bölümü organik bağında gerçekleştirilmiştir. Asmalar 2.5x3 m sıra arası ve üzeri mesafede, 41B anacı üzerine aşılı, yüksek terbiye sistemine göre terbiye edilmiştir. Bağda damlama sulama sistemi bulunmaktadır. Araştırmada bazı kültür bitkileri ve bitki artıklarının allelopatik etkilerinin yabancı otlara karşı organik üretim yapılan bağ alanında kullanım olanakları araştırılmıştır. Deneme alanında Antep turpu (Raphamus raphanistrum L.), Brokkoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. İtalica), Fiğ (Vicia sativa) ve Karnabahar (Brassica oleracea L. var. Botrytis) sıra üzerinde yetiştirilmiştir. Fiğ hariç diğer bitkiler gelişimini tamamladıktan sonra toprağa karıştırılmıştır. Fiğ malç...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Farming Systems.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/27654/1/Bur%C3%A7ak%20%C4%B0%C5%9F%C3%A7i.pdf
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Alnarp försöksgård Organic Eprints
Odlingen är en del av Alnarps egendom på den skånska slätten med inriktning mot slättjordbruk med sockerbetor, höstvete och korn. Vallodling ingår eftersom den konventionella produktionsdelen har djur. Det ekologiska odlingssystemet hade från början en 4-årig växtföljd med klövervall, sockerbetor eller grönsaker följt av 2 år med stråsäd. Det sista året innehöll vallinsådd. Växtföljden är idag beroende av vilka forskningsprojekt som finns för tillfället. Växtföljden är: år 1 vall I; år 2 vall II; år 3 sockerbetor, grönsaker och fältförsök; år 4 spannmål och år 5 spannmål med insådd. Ungefärlig grödfördelning är: vall 8 ha, stråsäd 8 ha, försök inklusive sockerbetor och grönsaker cirka 4 ha. Vall används för rötning till biogas. Kompost från hushållsavfall...
Tipo: Research facility description Palavras-chave: Farming Systems.
Ano: 2020
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Alteração da carga de endoparasitas em ovinos submetidos a diferentes níveis de folha de bananeira na alimentação. Organic Eprints
Parra, Carla Lieda Cezimbra; Olivo, Clair Jorge; Agnolin, Carlos Alberto; Vogel, Fernanda Flores; Pires, Cleber Cassol; Bolzan, Anderson Michel Soares.
Vinte e seis borregas (Texel x Corriedale), com idade entre 4 e 5 meses, foram utilizados para avaliar o efeito da administração de lâminas foliares de bananeira (Musa spp.) na alimentação sobre o controle de nematódeos gastrintestinais, através da contagem de ovos/grama de fezes (OPG). Os tratamentos foram constituídos pelo controle negativo, e pelos grupos de borregas que consumiram lâminas foliares frescas de bananeira entre 0,40 e 0,80% e de 0,81 a 1,20% do peso vivo, por três dias consecutivos. Após 15 dias, esse processo foi repetido. Antes e após o fornecimento da bananeira às borregas (no 1o, 3o, 5o, 7o, 9o, 11o e 14o dias), foram coletadas amostras de fezes. Os valores médios de redução de OPG foram de 3,5; 27,6 e 46,7%, respectivamente. Resultado...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Crop husbandry; Fruit and berries.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/23086/1/Parra_Altera%C3%A7%C3%A3o.pdf
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Alternatív értékesítési csatornák- 8-10 millió a zöldségközösségből Organic Eprints
Dezsény, Zoltán; Réthy, Katalin.
Kisebb, családi alapon szerveződő gazdaságok, kertészetek értékesítési problémáira nyújthat megoldást a közvetlen fogyasztói kapcsolatokra épülő közösségi gazdálkodás. Ennek alapja a termelő és a fogyasztó közötti hosszú távú elköteleződés. A cikkből kiderül, hogy meg is lehet élni belőle.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farming Systems.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://orgprints.org/26083/1/merged_document_2.pdf
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Alternative protection of potatoes in organic farming Organic Eprints
Tomasek, Jaroslav; Dvorak, Petr.
There were tested water extracts from Syringa vulgaris and Pyrethrum parthenium. They did not prove signincant differences ofdecrease of the air attack ofColorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata), the activity ofeggs -laying and the occurrence oflarvae in comparison to the control. Interesting trends oflower-eggs lying and a lower larvae occurrence were discovered. The liquid spray against the late blight (Phytophthora infestans) did not signincantly decrease neither occurrence oflate blight or the yield. The production of the bio-potatoes is only 0,2% of all potatoes production in the Czech Republic. The aim of this experiment was to try alternative methods of regulation of Colorado potato beetle and late blight (the biggest harmful! organisms...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/21809/1/QH82149_07_2009.pdf
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Alternativní ochrana brambor v systému ekologického zemědělství Organic Eprints
Tomasek, Jaroslav; Dvorak, Petr.
Cílem pokusu bylo zvýšit vitalitu rostlin a produkci kvalitních hlíz. Pokus byl zaměřen na regulaci mandelinky bramborové (Leptinotarsa decemlineata) a plísně bramboru (Phytophthora infestans), což jsou faktory působící největší obtíže při ekologickém pěstování brambor. Přípravek Neem-Azal vykazoval trend nižšího kladení larev mandelinky. Kombinace mědnatého fungicidu s přípravkem PRB-EBV a vermikompostem snižovaly napadení natě plísní bramboru. Výnos byl statisticky nejnižší při použití sítě (jako mechanické zábrany). Nebyly zjištěny významné rozdíly ve výnosu při použití přípravků posilujících vitalitu rostlin.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Crop husbandry.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/21806/1/QH82149_04_2009.pdf
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Alternativní zemědělství - informační bulletin č.10 Organic Eprints
Urban, Jiri; Merta, Vlastimil; Plisek, Bedrich; Moudry, Jan; Vogtmann, Hartmut; Tabach, Arnost; Kvapilik, Jindrich; Pavelkova, Jirina.
Témata informačního bulletinu č.10 jsou: Ovocnářský ekologický podnik pana Jiřího Kargra, Ekologické ovocnářství, dojmy ze Švýcarska, úvahy o našich možnostech, Hrách v ekologickém zemědělství, Pěstování sladovnického ječmene pro výrobu biopiva, Vyvýšený záhon, Biozahrádka, Biologická ochrana ovocných stromů v sadech, Horské ekologické hospodářství Marianne a Paula Waldera.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Farming Systems; Crop husbandry.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://orgprints.org/21921/1/Bulletin%20%C4%8D.10.PDF
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Alternativní zemědělství - informační bulletin č.7 Organic Eprints
Danek, Stanislav; Benada, Jaroslav; Benes, Stanislav; Sabatka, Jan; Taborsky, V.; Rotrekl, Jiri; Dlouhy, Josef; Bertsch, Bodo; Urban, Jiri.
Témata informačního bulletinu č.7 jsou: Vyhodnocení výnosů zemědělských plodin v roce 1991 u organicky hospodařících zemědělců svazu PRO-BIO. Nutnost moření osiva z hlediska alternativního zemědělství. Využití přirozených surovin v alternativním zemědělství. Mechanická regulace plevelů. Možnosti realizace alternativního zemědělství z hlediska ochrany rostlin. Regulace hraboše polního bez chemie. Úvod k připravované knize "Ekologická východiska zemědělství". Stáj s hlubokou podestýlkou pro dojnice z hlediska etologie a ekonomiky. Zelené hnojení. Organické vinohradnictví.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general; Farming Systems; Animal husbandry; Crop husbandry.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://orgprints.org/21918/1/Bulletin%20%C4%8D.7.PDF
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