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Registros recuperados: 209
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Development in Central Europe Includes Food Processing Business AgEcon
Declerck, Francis.
The economic integration of Central European countries to the EU started in the beginning of the 1990's. ESSEC Business School, in partnership with Warsaw Agricultural University SGGW, and food companies have heavily invested in Central Europe, particularly Poland, before May 1, 2004 the official date of the EU enlargement to 8 Central European Countries: Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovenia and Slovakia. With more than half the population and business activity of these countries, Poland is the « big » Central European country. Four food industry managers from those countries provide their point of view.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Central Europe; Development; Food; Business; Investment; Agribusiness.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8128
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Did the WTO Play a Role in the Food Crisis? AgEcon
Meilke, Karl D..
When high prices or natural calamities result in starvation and political unrest in the developing world emergency food aid is the best short run response. However, over a longer time frame it is important to have in place international rules that allow the market to function to help alleviate food shortages rather than making them worse. Given Canada’s trading position we have a huge stake in getting these rules right. Although the future of the Doha Round is unclear there is still time to make a start on developing better rules for export prohibitions, restrictions and export taxes that would serve the world better in times of shortage. A first step would be effective disciplines on the use of export taxes, and export restrictions and embargo’s.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: WTO; Food; Crisis; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43467
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Dietary Assessment of Major Trends in U.S. Food Consumption, 1970-2005 AgEcon
Wells, Hodan Farah; Buzby, Jean C..
This report examines major trends in the amount of food available for consumption in the United States between 1970 and 2005 using data from the ERS Food Availability (Per Capita) Data System. The report also estimates whether Americans are meeting Federal dietary recommendations for each of the major food groups by comparing the data with dietary recommendations in the 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the MyPyramid Food Guidance System. Findings show that Americans do not meet the Federal dietary recommendations. In order to meet them, Americans would need to substantially lower their intake of added fats, refined grains, and added sugars and sweeteners and increase their consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lowfat milk and milk...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Added fats and oils; Added sugars and sweeteners; Dairy; Dietary Guidelines for Americans; Dietary recommendations; Eggs; Food; Food consumption; Fruits; Meat; MyPyramid Food Guidance System; Nutrients; Grains; Nuts; Vegetables.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58641
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Dietary phosphorus requirement of pejerrey fingerlings (Odontesthes bonariensis) R. Bras. Zootec.
Rocha,Cleber Bastos; Portelinha,Mauro Kaster; Fernandes,João Morato; Britto,Aline Conceição Pfaff de; Piedras,Sérgio Renato Noguez; Pouey,Juvêncio Luís Osório Fernandes.
To determine the available phosphorus requirement of pejerrey fish, four semi-purified diets were formulated to contain increasing available phosphorus levels (0.90, 2.7, 5.7 and 8.3 g/kg). Each diet was assigned to groups of 10 fish with average weight of 1.26±0.17 g, distributed into a completely randomized design with four treatments and four replications. Fish were fed at a rate of 10% total biomass four times a day for 60 days. The parameters productive performance, body chemical composition and mineral composition of bones and scales were evaluated. The best productive performance of fingerlings was obtained with the diet containing 4.3 g/kg available phosphorus. The average level of 6.3 g/kg available phosphorus promotes better mineralization of...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bone; Fish; Food; Growth; Mineral; Nutrition.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-35982014000200001
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Digestibilidade "in vitro" e teores de proteína bruta de farelo de rama de cultivares de mandioca. Infoteca-e
BATISTA, H. A. M.; ALBUQUERQUE, M. de; CAMARÃO, A. P.; LOBO, I. J. B..
1983
Tipo: Comunicado Técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Mandioca; Valor nutritivo; Alimento; Digestibilidade; Animal; Nutrição; Manihot esculenta; Cassava; Nutrive value; Food; Digestibility; Nutrition.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/382978
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Discovering and Promoting Commodity Health Attributes: Programs and Issues AgEcon
Carman, Hoy F..
There is a growing consumer segment demanding healthy foods and diets, health and nutrition messages can expand food demand, and governments in the U.S. and EU, faced with increasing obesity and associated health outcomes, want consumers to have reliable information to choose healthy diets. California commodity organizations, charged with expanding the demand for almonds, avocados, strawberries and walnuts, are funding health and nutrition research as a means to discover a unique selling proposition for each product. Research and promotion effects are attracting interest by other commodity groups. Policy and regulatory issues abound.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Health; Nutrition; Food; Marketing; Promotion; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8190
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Discussion: Economic Sustainability of Rural Areas AgEcon
Constance, Douglas H..
The three articles in this invited paper session examine value-added strategies related to agriculture and food at the state and federal level designed to enhance rural development. Two of the papers dealt with the GO TEXAN program and the other with organic agriculture. All three papers were well written and interesting, but all three also shed light on the problem of using classical economic theory to interpret differentiated agriculture and food products as opposed to undifferentiated commodities.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food; Organic; Rural development; Value added; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Marketing; Q18; Q56.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113540
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Disease, food and reproduction of the maned wolf: Chrysocyon Brachyurus (Illiger) (Carnivora, Canidae) in southeast Brazil Zoologia
Carvalho,Cory T. de; Vasconcellos,Luiz E. M..
The most frequent endoparasite of the Maned wolf - Chrysocyon brachyurus (Illiger, 1815) is the giant kidney-worm. Dioctophyma renale (Goeze, 1782). It has heen responsible for the majority of deaths of captive animals. Twenty-six marked wolves have been followed in the field with ear-tags and radio-collar tagged (Tab. II) to investigate their interactions with the environment, their diurnal shelters, movements and habits, and their delivery sites. Ten years of life history data have heen gathered. They are territorial and monogamous, and give birth to two or three young once a year, after a 63 days gestation, on average. Maned wolves inhabit the open areas and have omnivorous feeding habits.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Maned wolf; C. brachyurus; Life history; Disease; Food; Reproduction.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-81751995000300018
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Disease Outbreaks and Agricultural Trade: The Case of Potatoes AgEcon
Clark, J. Stephen; Thibodeau, David R.; Grant, K. Gary; Prochazkova, Katerina.
This study analyzed the impact of PVYn and potato wart disease outbreaks in PEI on the potato industry. These disease outbreaks resulted in the loss of the US seed export market to PEI producers. The effects of the disease outbreaks were mitigated through value-added processing. Price premiums for processed potatoes allowed PEI potato producers to abandon seed exports without incurring losses. Evidence is presented to suggest that other countries have also used this approach when export restrictions were placed on domestic agricultural industries. Policy response to the two disease outbreaks include: i) development of a zones policy that helped to reopen markets into the US; and ii) financial compensation to producers above the minimum levels required...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Disease; Trade; Potatoes; Canada; Food; Safety; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43464
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Doce de imbu: alternativa para pequena indústria no semi-arido do Nordeste brasileiro. Repositório Alice
CAVALCANTI, N. de B.; RESENDE, G. M. de; BRITO, L. T. de L..
Trata sobre a pequena industria do umbu, caracterizacao do problema e sua importancia economica, descricao da solucao tecnologica proposta e vantagens em relacao a situacao atual. Traz graficos mostrando a preferencia da aparencia, sabor e acidez obtidos pelo doce do fruto. Mostra ainda, o publico-alvo, impactos e como acessar a tecnologia.
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Doce de umbu; Agroindustria; Agricultor baixa renda; Nordeste; Regiao semi-arida; Sugar confectionery; Food; Processing; Cottage industry; Small farmers; Indústria Caseira; Spondias Tuberosa; Umbu; Processamento.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/131738
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Does the rattle of Crotalus durissus terrificus reveal its dietary history? J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis.
Martinez,Melissa Gaste; Ducatti,Carlos; Silva,Evandro Tadeu; Sant’Anna,Savio Stefanini; Sartori,Maria Márcia Pereira; Barraviera,Benedito.
Background Environmental devastation threatens the survival of many species, including venomous snakes such as the South American rattlesnake Crotalus durissus terrificus. This observation is based on the decrease of snakes collected and donated to Brazilian research institutes. Nevertheless, some individuals have managed to survive and procreate. The question is how these snakes are adapting in these new environmental conditions.Methods To answer it, the carbon-13 level of rattlesnakes and their feed (either laboratory or wild mice) was evaluated by isotope-ratio mass spectrometry. Thus, rattle segments from 16 adults and 15 offspring of captive snakes, and of three wild newborn C. d. terrificus were evaluated as well as 17 Mus musculus mice captured in...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Food; Carbon-13; Crotalus durissus terrificus; Stable isotopes.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-91992014000200342
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Drivers of consumer’s adoption of innovative food AgEcon
Loizou, Efstratios; Michailidis, Anastasios; Tzimitra-Kalogianni, Irene.
Over the last years, food safety, health and environmental issues are a few among many other reasons that force consumers to adopt new innovative food products – organic, private label, genetically modified and functional – as part of their consumption. This spectacular shift of the consumption forwards “innovative” food products attracts the interest of the analyst as it can shed new light on consumer’s behaviour and on modeling and understanding better his long-term behaviour. Thus, this study attempts to investigate the factors that influence consumer’s decision in purchasing either traditional or new innovative products and to what extend this shift between those two groups of products is related to pre-defined elements. This is achieved by employing...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Adoption; Consumption; Food; Innovative products; Multivariate analysis.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58086
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Dynamics and diversity of the bacterial community during the spontaneous decay of açai (Euterpe oleracea) fruits BJM
Moura,Fábio Gomes; Graças,Diego Assis das; Santos,Agenor Valadares; Silva,Artur Luiz da Costa da; Rogez,Hervé.
Abstract The biodiversity and evolution of the microbial community in açai fruits (AF) between three geographical origins and two spontaneous decay conditions were examined by applying culture-independent methods. Culture-independent methods based on 16S rRNA from fifteen samples revealed that Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes and Acidobacteria were the most abundant phyla. At the genus level, Massilia (taxon with more than 50% of the sequences remaining constant during the 30 h of decay), Pantoea, Naxibacter, Enterobacter, Raoultella and Klebsiella were identified, forming the carposphere bacterial microbiota of AF. AF is fibre-rich and Massilia bacteria could find a large quantity of substrate for its growth through cellulase...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Food; Microbial contamination; High-throughput partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing; Diversity.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-83822018000500025
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Economic Returns to Public Agricultural Research AgEcon
Fuglie, Keith O.; Heisey, Paul W..
Over the last several decades, the U.S. agricultural sector has sustained impressive productivity growth. The Nation's agricultural research system, including Federal-State public research as well as private-sector research, has been a key driver of this growth. Economic analysis finds strong and consistent evidence that investment in agricultural research has yielded high returns per dollar spent. These returns include benefits not only to the farm sector but also to the food industry and consumers in the form of more abundant commodities at lower prices.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Productivity; Productivity growth; Technology; Total factor productivity; TFP; Research investments; Food; Input; Output; Crop yield; Agricultural research; Agricultural output; Public spending; Private sector research; ERS; USDA; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6388
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Efecto de diferentes densidades de siembra en el engorde de tilapia roja (Oreochromis mossambicus x O. aureus) en jaulas colocadas en la bahía de Casilda, Cuba OceanDocs
Fraga, I.; Flores, E. R.; Reyes, R.; Llanes, Y..
Con el objetivo de evaluar el efecto sobres el crecimiento y la supervivencia, de diferentes densidades de siembra de tilapia roja en jaulas de diferentes volúmenes (4, 6 y 16 m3) se desarrollaron tres ciclos de engorde en la bahía de Casilda, provincia Sancti-Spíritus. La selección del sitio se realizó a partir de una red de cinco estaciones muestreadas en lluvia y seca para determinar los parámetros físico, químicos, batimétricos y turbidez. Los alevines se adaptaron al agua de mar en tanques de 12 m3, con flujo de agua marina (1.4 - 2.8 L/segundo) durante 24 horas con supervivencia de 96%. Al emplear densidades de 73 y 184 alevines/m3 en jaulas de 6 m3, no se observaron diferencias significativas (p> 0.05) en el crecimiento y supervivencias...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Food; Seawater; Stock density; Cages; Environmental impact; Yield.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4334
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Efecto de los tratamientos sobre la textura de la jicama elaborada por procesamiento mínimo OceanDocs
Huerta, V. M.; Díaz, R.; Hernández, A..
Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo evaluar el efecto que ejercen los diferentes tratamientos sobre la textura de la jícama en la elaboración de una conserva con procesamiento mínimo. En la experimentación se ensayaron diferentes tratamientos: escaldado a 78 ºC durante 2 min y envasado a 93 ºC; envasado en diferentes líquidos de cobertura a 55 ºC; envasado en escabeche con vinagre y mezcla de ácido acético y cítrico con temperatura de cierre a 55 y 85 ºC. La textura fue medida a 21 ºC mediante un vástago cilíndrico plano de 3 mm de diámetro utilizando un analizador de textura a una velocidad de 2,5 mm/s. La fuerza máxima aplicable fue de 5 kg. El tratamiento más apropiado para la elaboración de jícama con procesamiento mínimo fue el de líquido de cobertura con...
Tipo: Journal Contribution Palavras-chave: Food; Texture; Packing materials; Canned foods; Yam beans; Scalding.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1834/4897
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Efeito da adição do fubá de milho no perfil fermentativo da silagem do resíduo da extração do palmito da pupunha. Repositório Alice
DÓREA, J. R. R.; FRANCO, A. L. C.; FERREIRA, A. L.; OLIVEIRA, L. S.; BARREIROS, D. C.; PEREIRA, L. G. R.; AZEVÊDO, J. A. G. de; LOURES, D. R. S..
O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o perfil fermentativo das silagens do co-produto agroindustrial da extração do palmito da pupunha in natura, aditivada com fubá de milho e emurchecido.
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Ruminantes; Food; Alimento; Nutrição.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/162422
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Efeito da disponibilidade de alimento no movimento dos jacarés, Pantanal Sul. Infoteca-e
CAMPOS, Z..
Por que os animais se movem é uma intrigante questão em ecologia. Pyke (1984) explicou que os movimentos são relacionados com forrageamento, evitar predação, encontrar acasalamento e participar de interação agonísticas. Os crocodilianos podem mover por uma variedade de razões, e decidem quando fazê-lo, provavelmente, por influência de fatores ambientais e de disponibilidade de habitat e alimento (lang 1987). O jacaré-do-Pantanal, Caiman crocodilus yacare, vive em altas densidades em habitats sazonalmente inundados no Pantanal (Coutinho e Campos, 1996, Mourão et al., 2000) e o estoque de alimento na estação da seca pode determinar movimento. Santos et al. (1996) registraram adultos e girinos de Pseudis paradoxa na dieta dos jacarés. Este estudo em longo...
Tipo: Comunicado Técnico (INFOTECA-E) Palavras-chave: Jacaré; Alimento; Habitat; Nhumirim; Pantanal; Yacare; Food.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.infoteca.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/810544
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Efeito da idade de lagartas de Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) no desempenho do parasitoide Campoletis flavicincta (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) e consumo foliar por lagartas parasitadas e não-parasitadas. Repositório Alice
CRUZ, I.; FIGUEIREDO, M. L. C.; GONCALVES, E. P.; LIMA, D. A. N.; DINIZ, E. E..
Verificou-se o potencial de parasitismo de Campoletis flavicincta (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonide) sobre lagartas de Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith) de diferentes idades e o consumo foliar de lagartas parasitadas, em relacao a nao parasitadas. Quando foram oferecidas ao parasitoide lagartas de 3-d o numero medio de lagartas parasitadas foi de 232/femea, numero semelhante ao que foi obtido com lagartas de 2-d (182,0 lagartas/femea). Com lagartas de 4-5-d, o numero medio de parasitismo foi, respectivamente, 80,7 e 71,0 individuos parasitados/femea. Lagarta sadias, durante todo o seu periodo de vida, consumiram, em media, 209,3 cm3 de area foliar, enquanto que as lagartas parasitadas consumiram apenas 14,5 cm3 (6,9% do consumo de uma lagarta sadia).
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Insecta; Lagarta-do-cartucho; Parasitismo; Controle biologico; Consumo; Alimento; Spodoptera frugiperda; Fall armyworm; Parasitism; Biological control; Food; Intake.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/486583
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Efeito da previsibilidade alimentar no vigor da prole de Podisus nigrispinus (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). Repositório Alice
CARVALHO, V.F.; SOUZA, Og de; FONTES, E.M.G.; ZANUNCIO, J.; SERAFINI, A. dos P..
1996
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Alimento; Previsibilidade; Podisus nigrispinus; Food; Previsibility.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/171706
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