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Evidence of differential chromosome loss in aneuploid karyotypes of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Leitao, Alexandra; Boudry, Pierre; Thiriot Quievreux, Catherine.
The G-banding technique was performed on aneuploid karyotypes from gill tissue of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, to assess whether chromosome losses could be explained by differential chromosomal susceptibility and to clarify the negative correlation between aneuploidy and growth rate previously reported in different populations of this oyster. The study of 95 G-banded aneuploid karyotypes showed that only 4 of the 10 chromosome pairs (viz. 1, 5, 9, and 10) of C. gigas were affected by the loss of one homologous chromosome. Pairs 1, 9, and 10, which were lost in 56, 33, and 44% of cases, respectively, may be considered to be differentially affected. Hypotheses on this differential chromosomal susceptibility are discussed.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster; Karyotype; G banding; Growth; Aneuploidy; Huître; Caryotype; Bandes G; Croissance; Aneuploïdie.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/publication-742.pdf
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A "G" chromosome banding study of three cupped oyster species : Crassostrea gigas, Crassostrea angulata and Crassostrea virginica (Mollusca : Bivalvia) ArchiMer
Leitao, Alexandra; Thiriot-quievreux, Catherine; Malheiro, Isabel; Boudry, Pierre.
The G-banding technique was performed on chromosomes from gill tissue of three cupped oyster species : Crassostrea gigas, Crassostrea angulata and Crassostrea virginica. Identification of the ten individual chromosome pairs was obtained. Comparative analysis of G-banded karyotypes of the three species showed that their banding patterns generally resembled each other, with chromosome pair 3 being similar in all three species. However, differences from one species to another were also observed. The G-banding pattern highlighted greater similarities between C. gigas and C. angulata than between these two species and C. virginica, thus providing an additional argument for genetic divergence between, these two evolutionary lineages. C. gigas and C. angulata...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea virginica; Crassostrea angulata; Crassostrea gigas; G banding; Chromosome.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1999/publication-2736.pdf
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