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Registros recuperados: 8
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Adapting the social-ecological system framework for urban stormwater management: the case of green infrastructure adoption Ecology and Society
Flynn, Carli D.; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Syracuse University; cflynn@syr.edu; Davidson, Cliff I.; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Syracuse University; Syracuse Center of Excellence in Environmental and Energy Systems; davidson@syr.edu.
Stormwater management has long been a critical societal and environmental challenge for communities. An increasing number of municipalities are turning to novel approaches such as green infrastructure to develop more sustainable stormwater management systems. However, there is a need to better understand the technological decision-making processes that lead to specific outcomes within urban stormwater governance systems. We used the social-ecological system (SES) framework to build a classification system for identifying significant variables that influence urban stormwater governance decisions related to green infrastructure adoption. To adapt the framework, we relied on findings from observations at national stormwater meetings in combination with a...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Green infrastructure; Social-ecological systems framework; Stormwater management; Technology adoption.
Ano: 2016
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Mainstreaming ecosystem-based adaptation: transformation toward sustainability in urban governance and planning Ecology and Society
Wamsler, Christine; Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies (LUCSUS), Sweden; Centre for Societal Resilience (CSR), Sweden; Global Urban Research Centre (GURC), Manchester University, UK; christine.wamsler@lucsus.lu.se.
The concept of ecosystem-based adaptation is advocated at international, national, and regional levels. The concept is thought to foster sustainability transitions and is receiving increasing interest from academic and governmental bodies alike. However, there is little theory regarding the pathways for its systematic implementation. It furthermore remains unclear to what degree the concept is already applied in urban planning practice, how it is integrated into existing planning structures and processes, and what drivers exist for further integration. Against this background, this study examines potential ways to sustainably mainstream ecosystem-based adaptation into urban planning. Eight municipalities in Southern Germany were investigated to analyze the...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Adaptation; Climate change; Green infrastructure; Landscape planning; Municipal planning; Resilience; Risk reduction; Sustainability transitions; Sustainable transformation; Urban planning; Urban transformation.
Ano: 2015
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The green areas of San Juan, Puerto Rico Ecology and Society
Green areas, also known as green infrastructure or urban vegetation, are vital to urbanites for their critical roles in mitigating urban heat island effects and climate change and for their provision of multiple ecosystem services and aesthetics. Here, I provide a high spatial resolution snapshot of the green cover distribution of the city of San Juan, Puerto Rico, by incorporating the use of morphological spatial pattern analysis (MSPA) as a tool to describe the spatial pattern and connectivity of the city’s urban green areas. Analysis of a previously developed IKONOS 4-m spatial resolution classification of the city of San Juan from 2002 revealed a larger area of vegetation (green areas or green infrastructure) than previously estimated by...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Insight Palavras-chave: Green areas; Green infrastructure; Morphological spatial pattern analysis (MSPA); Spatial pattern analysis; Urban forests; Urban green area characterization; Urban vegetation.
Ano: 2014
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Using social network analysis to identify key stakeholders in agricultural biodiversity governance and related land-use decisions at regional and local level Ecology and Society
Hauck, Jennifer; Helmholtz-Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ; CoKnow Consulting - Coproducing Knowledge for Sustainability; jennifer.hauck@ufz.de; Schmidt, Jenny; Helmholtz-Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ; jenny.schmidt@ufz.de.
In 2013 the European Commission launched its new green infrastructure strategy to make another attempt to stop and possibly reverse the loss of biodiversity until 2020, by connecting habitats in the wider landscape. This means that conservation would go beyond current practices to include landscapes that are dominated by conventional agriculture, where biodiversity conservation plays a minor role at best. The green infrastructure strategy aims at bottom-up rather than top-down implementation, and suggests including local and regional stakeholders. Therefore, it is important to know which stakeholders influence land-use decisions concerning green infrastructure at the local and regional level. The research presented in this paper served to select...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Actor analysis; Common agricultural policy; Coproduction of knowledge; Green infrastructure; Net-Map; Stakeholder analysis.
Ano: 2016
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Operationalizing ecosystem-based adaptation: harnessing ecosystem services to buffer communities against climate change Ecology and Society
Wamsler, Christine; Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies (LUCSUS); Centre for Societal Resilience; christine.wamsler@lucsus.lu.se; Niven, Lisa; Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies (LUCSUS); lisa.niven@gmail.com; Beery, Thomas H.; Kristianstad University; thomas.beery@hkr.se; Bramryd, Torleif; Environmental Strategy, Lund University Campus Helsingborg; torleif.bramryd@ism.lu.se; Osmani, Adelina; Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies (LUCSUS); adelinaosmani@hotmail.com; Palo, Thomas; Department of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU); thomas.r.palo@slu.se.
Ecosystem-based approaches for climate change adaptation are promoted at international, national, and local levels by both scholars and practitioners. However, local planning practices that support these approaches are scattered, and measures are neither systematically implemented nor comprehensively reviewed. Against this background, this paper advances the operationalization of ecosystem-based adaptation by improving our knowledge of how ecosystem-based approaches can be considered in local planning (operational governance level). We review current research on ecosystem services in urban areas and examine four Swedish coastal municipalities to identify the key characteristics of both implemented and planned measures that support ecosystem-based...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Climate change adaptation; Ecosystem management; Ecosystem services; Green infrastructure; Municipal planning; Nature-based solutions; Renaturing cities; Risk reduction; Spatial planning; Sustainability transitions; Urban planning; Urban resilience; Urban transformation.
Ano: 2016
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Socioeconomic drivers of yard sustainable practices in a tropical city Ecology and Society
A growing body of work has emphasized the importance of residential areas to the overall green infrastructure of cities and recognizes that outcomes related to these areas are best studied using a social-ecological approach. We conducted vegetation surveys to evaluate yard practices that relate to the state of the yard vegetation, including species diversity and abundance, vegetation structure, and the percent of green area of yards versus paved areas, at the Río Piedras watershed within the San Juan metropolitan area. We used concomitant social household surveys to evaluate the association of social-economic and demographic factors at the household scale with these vegetation characteristics, as well as with landscape-level characteristics...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Green infrastructure; Residential yards; Social-ecological systems; Socioeconomic; Sustainability; Tropical; Urban.
Ano: 2014
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The multi-use in wind farm projects: more conflicts or a win-win opportunity? ArchiMer
Lacroix, Denis; Pioch, Sylvain.
The pressures on the use of the seashore are steadily rising, not only in developed countries but worldwide. Anthropogenic activity has long impacted the marine continental shelf down to a depth of approximately -200 m. New activities are now affecting this coastal space such as renewable energies, recreational uses and aquaculture in addition to the traditional ones of navigation or fishing. This evolution raises new sources of conflict amongst users which can require state involvement in order to manage the different stakeholders and pressure groups. However, the coastal space still offers a large potential for development for two reasons. Firstly, the physical three dimensional potential of this space enables the whole water column to be used,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Integrated coastal zone management; Marine continental shelf management; Ecological engineering; Off-shore wind farm; Aquaculture; Artificial habitat; Eco-design; Green infrastructure.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00043/15383/12741.pdf
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New Economy Growth Decomposition in the U.S. AgEcon
Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Hailu, Yohannes G.; Abdulla, Majd.
The drivers of economic growth in what is called the New Economy has become an important policy question. As communities across the country face economic challenges and a new economic reality, the question of what works in the New Economy has emerged. This study aims to provide growth decomposition in the New Economy to identify key drivers of growth. It provides a conceptual, theoretical and empirical discussion of growth in the New Economy to solidify the theory and empirics of New Economy growth decomposition. Results suggest that growth in population, income and employment are mostly synergistic; innovation and talent are potent in the New Economy; population dynamics, especially in the young and retiree segment of the population are tied to local...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: New Economy; Growth decomposition; Economic policy; Talent; Innovation; Creative class; Green infrastructure; Synergistic growth; Public Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49579
Registros recuperados: 8
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