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Asset approach to IT cost management in industrial companies AgEcon
Kazantcev, Anatoly; Andreeva, Margarita.
The article introduces the authors’ estimation method for measuring the current level of information technologies in companies by four aspects (hardware, software, IT services, and telecommunication equipment) using the proposed original indicators. On the example of 50 sample Russian industrial companies the authors have built and tested an econometric model, which allows to measure how IT costs are affected by such factors as: the current level of IT development, net profit value, number of employees, general wages, salaries of IT specialists, percentage of qualified workers.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: IT management; IT development; IT cost management; Industrial companies.; Industrial Organization; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; M15.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94593
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ASSET FIXITY, ASSET SPECIFICITY AND REGIONAL ECONOMIC CHANGE: HYPOTHESIS AND IMPLICATIONS AgEcon
Ward, William A.; Hite, James C..
That asset specificity and asset fixity are impediments to economic adjustment is well understood in the literatures of industrial organization and agricultural economics. In this paper, we show that spatial factors can plausible be expected to be arguments in functions that define asset fixity and specificity and, hence, asset fixity may be systematically related to space. The implications with regard to differences across space in rates of adjustment to market signals suggest that the short run is longer in remote than in less remote places, which may prove useful in explaining the behavior of a spatial economic system during times of rapid technological change.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Industrial Organization.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18807
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Asymmetric Price Transmission and Demand Characteristics AgEcon
Xia, Tian; Li, Xianghong.
Through analyzing the effect of a demand characteristic, this paper investigates the reasons for the market phenomenon that farm and/or wholesale price changes are transmitted asymmetrically to retail markets.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Asymmetric price transmission; Demand characteristics; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49400
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ATITUDES DE COORDENAÇÃO DE PRODUTORES RURAIS NA CADEIA DA CARNE BOVINA: O CASO DO CITE 120 AgEcon
Malafaia, Guilherme Cunha; Maciel, Alessandra Costenaro; Camargo, Maria Emilia.
The changes in the worldwide competitive scenario have posed difficulties to the survival of companies, forcing them to establish necessary cooperative relations for maintenance and survival in the markets. However, the lack of coordination and cooperation is considered a classic problem in the beef chain. Taking these assumptions into account, the purpose of the present article is to verify how the organizational network CITE 120, established by a group of beef producers in the state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS), has addressed the environmental demands in the meat production sector and how the systemic relationships for the strengthening of the network’s interests are being promoted and organized. For the purpose of this research in-depth interviews were...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Network; Systemic Competitiveness; Beef cattle; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90690
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AUMENTO DA EFICIÊNCIA TÉCNICA NA INDÚSTRIA DE ALIMENTOS DOS ESTADOS BRASILEIROS VIA METAS INTERMEDIÁRIAS AgEcon
Sousa, Alexandre Gervasio; Santos, Ricardo Bruno Nascimento dos; Araujo, Aracy Alves.
Propôs-se, neste artigo, uma busca de alvos, por etapas, com alvos intermediários nas camadas de iso-eficiência para que o Setor de Fabricação de Produtos Alimentícios e Bebidas (SFPAB) de cada estado atinja, de forma gradual, um nível de eficiência técnica mais elevado. Utilizaram-se dados da Pesquisa Industrial Anual (PIA) de 2005 do IBGE. Aplicou-se a análise envoltória de dados (DEA) orientada ao insumo, tendo-se a receita líquida do setor como produto e como insumos o total do custo das operações industriais (COI) e as remunerações do setor (SRO). Dos 18 estados analisados, São Paulo é o mais eficiente e Santa Catarina, o mais ineficiente. Outros 11 estados são tecnicamente ineficientes, de forma que 6 devem, no curto prazo, buscar a camada 1; 5 a...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Eficiência técnica; Metas intermediárias; DEA; Produtos alimentícios e bebidas; Technical efficiency; Intermediate goals; DEA; Food and beverage industry; Agribusiness; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118708
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Ausmaß und Determinanten von Preisrigiditäten im deutschen Lebensmitteleinzelhandel - Eine emprische Analyse mit Scannerdaten AgEcon
Weber, Sascha A..
Although the dissertation is in German, on demand a bilateral discussion can be done in English language.
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Retailing; Price rigidity; Menu costs; Psychological pricing; Seemingly-unrelated-regression; Price elasticity; Store types; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Industrial Organization; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94613
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Auswirkungen des Transformationsprozesses auf die sozioökonomischen Funktionen ukrainischer Landwirtschaftsunternehmen. AgEcon
Biesold, Helga.
In the planned Soviet economy, agricultural enterprises in Ukraine played a significant role in maintaining social infrastructure in rural areas. The state insisted that these enterprises provide medical care, transport infrastructure, kindergartens, schools and housing, as well as food supplies. Over the course of transition, the economic and political conditions of agricultural enterprises has drastically changed. The state greatly reduced financing for rural social infrastructure. Additionally, agricultural production significantly fell. As a result, the agricultural enterprises partially cut their support of social infrastructure in the rural areas, and in some cases, even completely depleted it. At the same time, the living conditions of the rural...
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93020
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AVALIAÇÃO DA PRODUÇÃO DO BIODIESEL DE SOJA E DOS PREÇOS AO PRODUTOR E AO CONSUMIDOR, NO BRASIL, EM 2008 AgEcon
Baccarin, Jose Giacomo; Gandra, Anamaria Guimaraes.
This work evaluated the effective and potential importance of biodiesel for soybean production in Brazil and its regions in 2008, as well as if the prices of biodiesel had been adjusted according to the interests of producers and consumers. Four situations were considered: the first one refers to the application of Law 11.097/05, which resulted in a production of 1.164,33 million liters of biodiesel (912,83million liters of soybean biodiesel), which corresponds to 2,6% of the national diesel consumption in 2008. Alternatively, an estimate was made of what would happen if the percentage of the mixture had been 4%, 5% or 8,3%. In 2008, it is estimated that 8,5 % of the soybean produced in Brazil was directed for biodiesel production, and this percentage...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Soybean; Biodiesel; Diesel; Production cost; Consumer price; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90698
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BACKWARD IMPLICIT CONTRACTS, PRE-COMMITMENT AND MARKET POWER IN THE INTERNATIONAL DURUM WHEAT MARKET AgEcon
Stiegert, Kyle W.; Hamilton, Stephen F..
We devise a formal test of market power that is applied to the international durum market. The model captures the asymmetric cost structure brought about the initial payment system of the Canadian Wheat Board. The model generates testable hypotheses about market conduct and optimal strategic positioning.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20833
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Banana Supply Chains in Indonesia and Australia: Surviving Isolation from End markets AgEcon
Singgih, Shinta; Woods, Elizabeth.
Two banana supply chains (BSC), one in Indonesia (BSC1) and one in Australia (BSC2), are described based on case study research conducted in 2002. BSC1 sources bananas from small farmers for distribution through traditional markets in Jakarta. BSC2 includes farmers supplying to both major and independent retailers in Sydney through a wholesale agency with some farmer ownership. Farmers in both chains live in relative isolation from the main markets for their bananas. Prices for their bananas depend on the market prices in the city, upon which they have little control. This paper focuses on how farmers removed from key markets, deal with buyers to receive fair prices. In both chains, most transactions between farmers and their buyers were completed through...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farmers; Banana supply chain; Isolation; Trust.; Crop Production/Industries; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24336
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Bargaining Power in Relational Contracts: An Experimental Study AgEcon
Cordero Salas, Paula.
This paper provides experimental evidence of the economic impact from shifting bargaining power in relational contracts. I implement an experimental design that adjusts the bargaining power of sellers (agents) and the enforceability of the contract. I find that the vast majority of contracts take the form of efficiency wage contracts instead of contingent performance contracts when enforcement is partially incomplete and sellers have more bargaining power than buyers. The total contracted and actual compensation increase with the bargaining power of the sellers. However, sellers' profits are found to increase only if a part of the total payment is third-party enforceable. In this case, observed surplus and efficiency are lower than predictions. When no...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Contracts; Incomplete enforcement; Bargaining; Experiments; Distribution; Institutions; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; D86; K12; L14; O12; Q13.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103579
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Bargaining structures in French dairy sector and impact of policy reforms AgEcon
Yu, Jianyu.
The recent CAP reform to reduce gradually the intervention price of some industry products induces changes in both the raw milk price schemes and the bargaining structures in the French dairy sector. In this article, we develop a bargaining model to investigate the reason of current and potential changes. We find that the relative strongness of the downstream processors has great influence on the bargaining outcomes and the equilibrium bargaining structures. The policy reform changes the relative strongness of downstream processors and therefore, induces the change in the equilibrium price schemes and bargaining structures.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Bargaining structure; CAP reform; French dairy sector; Agricultural and Food Policy; Industrial Organization; Livestock Production/Industries; Q18; Q13; L10.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6662
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Barriers to and Opportunities for Increasing Participation in Conservation Auctions AgEcon
Whitten, Stuart M.; Reeson, Andrew; Windle, Jill; Rolfe, John.
Participation is a relative concept. Too much implies high costs of administration and many losers in a competitive process. Too little implies relatively few gains from trade are accessed. Thus the aim is to optimise rather than maximise participation. In this paper we outline some rules of thumb for setting participation targets and develop a framework for identifying barriers to achieving targets. We use the framework to evaluate six case study tenders covering a variety of land management objectives. These case studies provided pragmatic on-ground lessons in managing participation in real tender applications and resulted in several further lessons for participation management in tender design.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Industrial Organization; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/5973
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BEEF PACKING INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND ORGANIZATION (PowerPoint Presentation) AgEcon
Hayenga, Marvin L..
PowerPoint presentation
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Industrial Organization; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/32999
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BEYOND ANTITRUST-THE CASE FOR CHANGE AgEcon
Carstensen, Peter C..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33415
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Beyond Illinois Brick: The Law and Economics of Cost Pass-Through in the ADM Price Fixing Case AgEcon
Cotterill, Ronald W.; Egan, Leonard; Buckhold, William.
This article reviews the legal standards and the economics of indirect purchaser cases. Drawn from recent cases on behalf of consumers in the ADM price fixing case, it presents cost pass through models for high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), one of the alleged price fixes in the wet corn milling industry. If soft drink bottlers, a primary user of HFCS, have fixed proportion production, constant returns to scale, and if other bottlers input prices are unaffected by variations in soft drink output due to the price fix, then the impact of the price fix on bottlers' cost is equal to the increase in the price of HFCS. The extent of pass through of the increase by bottlers is shown to depend critically upon the market structure of the bottling industry and the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25205
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Bidding for WIC infant formula contracts: Do non-WIC customers subsidize WIC customers? AgEcon
Davis, David E..
Although the WIC food assistance program purchases over one-half of all US infant formula, I find the program has little impact on the prices paid by non-WIC customers. I estimate infant-formula marginal cost and find that it is low compared to price, implying large price-cost markups. But, the WIC program is not to blame. Instead large price-cost markups are likely due to customer’s price insensitivity. WIC’s impact on non-WIC customers comes through an increase in sales owing to a WIC “spill-over” effect. The WIC approved brand attains a prominence in the market that makes it a natural choice for non-WIC customers, which makes attaining WIC approval valuable to firms. Firms bid with rebates to attain exclusive WIC approved status which results in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Price cost margins; WIC; Oligopoly; Food Assistance; Infant Formula; Auctions; Contracts; Consumer/Household Economics; Health Economics and Policy; Industrial Organization; L11; L113; I18; D12.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102457
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Bio-fuel Chains – An Overview on the Structure and the Value Chain Organization AgEcon
Dautzenberg, Kirsti; Hanf, Jon Henrich.
Structural change in the agricultural sector as well as in the whole agricultural value chain is an ongoing dynamic process and creates a number of diverse phenomena. The EU Strategy for Biofuels (2006) and the Biomass action plan (2005) set a clear signal that the EU wishes to establish and to support the bio energy-industry. The perceivable aim of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) consists in reducing food production and in enlarging the non-food production. Another driver for the attractiveness of bio-energy and bio-fuel production is the recent development of prices of crude oil and natural gas. Furthermore bio-energy is seen as one of the key options to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and substitute fossil fuels.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Industrial Organization.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6573
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Book Review AgEcon
Gray, Thomas W..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Industrial Organization.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48849
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Bounded Learning Efficiency and Sources of Firm Level Productivity Growth in Colombian Food Manufacturing Industry AgEcon
Shee, Apurba; Stefanou, Spiro E..
The measurement of productivity fluctuations has been the focus of decades-long interest. In addition to broad structural forces driving productivity changes, there is more recent interest in measuring and identifying the heterogeneous forces driving these changes. A major force is learning-by-doing which is used by economists to describe the phenomenon of productivity growth arising from the accumulation of production experience by a firm. This paper proposes a bounded learning concept with the learning progress function characterized by the degree of efficiency and the specification of the learning progress as a logistic function capturing both the slow start-up and the limit in learning progress. The inter-firm learning inefficiency is defined as the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Colombian food manufacturing industry; Bounded learning-by-doing; Learning efficiency; Logistic differential equation; Technical efficiency; Firm-level productivity growth; Decomposition of productivity change; Endogeneity of input choice; Stochastic production frontier; Agribusiness; Industrial Organization; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103898
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