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Adulteration Accounts for Majority of FDA Food-Related Import Refusals AgEcon
Buzby, Jean C..
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/125223
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Introduction to Competition in the Food-Fiber System AgEcon
Purcell, Joseph C.; Williams, Floyd W..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59857
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Evaluating EU Agricultural Policy Reform Using the EU WTO Model AgEcon
Stout, Jim; Leetmaa, Susan E.; Normile, Mary Anne.
This paper provides an overview of the European Union component of the recently developed ERS/Penn State WTO Model. The model is a multi-region, multi-commodity partial equilibrium trade model which allows the user to simulate the effects of reducing or eliminating tariffs and TRQs, export subsidies, and domestic support policies. The paper describes how the model captures the important agricultural policies of the EU, and presents results from model simulations of domestic support liberalization, export subsidy elimination, and tariff removal.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: WTO; Agricultural trade; Domestic support; Export subsidy; European Union; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24941
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The Failure of Strategic Industrial Policies Due to the Manipulation by Firms AgEcon
Karp, Larry S.; Perloff, Jeffrey M..
The strategic effects of subsidies on output and subsidies on investment differ substantially in dynamic models where a government's commitment ability is limited. Output subsidies remain effective even as the period of commitment vanishes, but investment subsidies may become completely ineffective. This difference has been obscured because most existing models of strategic trade policy are static.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Strategic trade policy; Convex adjustment costs; Markov perfect equilibria; International Relations/Trade; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; 410; 026.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6052
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New Zealand's Pastoral Exports: Can Small Countries Practise Pricing-to-Market? AgEcon
Tantirigama, Mangalika; Lee, Minsoo; Sanyal, Amal.
Literature presumes that exporters from small countries and particularly of primary products do not practice pricing-to-market (PTM) because of lack of market power. Out paper examines New Zealand’s pastoral exports over 1988-2002 and finds strong evidence of PTM. Evidence rejects the hypothesis that New Zealand is a price taker in these markets. We find incomplete pass-through in sheep meat markets and more than complete pass-through in wool. The degree of PTM is more pronounced in meat and less, but significant, in will. Interesting co-movement in export pricing of New Zealand and Australia and a high degree of PTM are noted when the two counties together dominate a market. Generally we report a smaller PTM when there is a larger promotional...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Meat and wool exports; Pricing-to-market; Exchange rate pass through; New Zealand economy; International Relations/Trade; F12; F14; D43.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50010
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Canadian Dollar Reaches Parity With U.S. Dollar AgEcon
Shane, Mathew; Sundell, Paul.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123996
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POTENTIAL IMPLICATIONS OF FREER TRADE FOR THE UNITED STATES AND CANADIAN DAIRY SECTORS: A SPATIAL ANALYSIS AgEcon
Novakovic, Andrew M.; Doyon, Maurice; Bishop, Phillip M..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16954
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Comparative advantages and competitiveness of Hungarian and Slovenian agro-food trade in the EU markets AgEcon
Bojnec, Stefan; Ferto, Imre.
The paper investigates comparative advantages and competitiveness of Hungarian and Slovenian agro- food trade in the EU markets. Applying a highly disaggregated trade dataset, we describe the pattern of agro- food trade in Hungary and Slovenia using the Balassa index. The extent of trade specialization exhibits a declining trend. Both countries have lost comparative advantage for a number of product groups over time. The indices of specialization have tended to converge. For particular product groups, the indices display greater variation. They are stable for product groups with comparative disadvantage, but product groups with weak to strong comparative advantage show significant variation. The price competition, quality competition and the one- way trade...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Comparative Advantage; Price Competition; Agro- Food Trade.; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10069
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THE TRADE EFFECTS OF BT CORN AgEcon
Meilke, Karl D.; Pekaric-Falak, Ivana; Huff, Karen.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12889
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An analysis of the dispute European Communities - Protection of trademarks and geographical indications for agricultural products and foodstuffs AgEcon
Charlier, Christophe; Ngo, Mai-Anh.
The dispute "European Communities - Protection of trademarks and geographical indications for agricultural products and foodstuffs" that opposes the European - Union to the United States and Australia, has been raised by the European regulation concerning the protection of geographical indications. This dispute has two important issues. First, the Panel demonstrated that the European regulation did not comply with national treatment promulgated by the TRIPS and the GATT 1994 Agreements. Second, the Panel affirmed the possibility of coexistence between GIs and identical prior trademarks. This article considers these two issues and depicts the position of the parties at the end of the dispute regarding GIs' protection. The first part of this article presents...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Geographical indications; Intellectual property; National treatment; TRIPS; Dispute settlement.; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; F13; Q17; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10032
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Optimum Tariffs in a Distorted Economy: An Application to U.S. Agriculture AgEcon
Beghin, John C.; Karp, Larry S..
Optimal distortions for the agricultural sector are calculated taking as given distortions in the nonagricultural sector. The calculations use a general equilibrium model and assume that the sole criterion is economic efficiency. For most agricultural commodities, existing distortions should be decreased; for the cotton and oil bearing sector, however, the existing tariff should be increased.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51236
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Welfare Impacts of the Mexico Potato Quarantine AgEcon
Richards, Timothy J.; Molina, Ignacio; Hussein, Osman.
Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) tariffs on U.S. potato imports to Mexico were phased out by 1993. Citing phytosanitary issues, in 1996, the Mexican government placed quantitative restrictions on U.S. potato imports and restricted their import only to designated border areas. This article estimates the welfare cost of restricting U.S. potato imports into Mexico. We find that removing trade restrictions may lead to over 1.8 million tons of new imports into Mexico, a gain of consumer surplus of 4.0 billion pesos per year, and a loss of 2.9 billion pesos of producer surplus.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International trade; Non-tariff barriers; Potatoes; Quarantine; Sanitary and phytosanitary barriers; Welfare loss; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; F13; L13; Q13; Q17; C35.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56661
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Explaining Agricultural Distortion Patterns : The Roles of Ideology, Inequality, Lobbying and Public Finance AgEcon
Dutt, Pushan; Mitra, Devashish.
In this paper, we examine the political economy drivers of the variation in agricultural protection, both across countries and within countries over time. The paper starts by listing the key insights provided by both the theoretical and empirical literature on the political economy of trade policy formulation. We then set out a basic framework that allows us to put forth various testable hypotheses on the variation and evolution of agricultural protection. We find that both the political ideology of the government and the degree of income inequality are important determinants of agricultural protection. Thus, both the political-support-function approach as well as the median-voter approach can be used in explaining the variation in agricultural protection...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Distorted incentives; Agricultural and trade policy reforms; National agricultural development; Agricultural protection; Political economy; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; F13; F14; Q17; Q18; D72; D78; F11.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50299
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Indicators AgEcon
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124041
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Economic Features of Canadian Organic Food at the Mass-market Retail Level AgEcon
Vercammen, James.
Over the past decade, Canada’s organic food industry has focused on the production of organic grains, oilseeds, fruits and vegetables and a limited amount of organic dairy products. Canadian organic grains and oilseeds are mostly destined for export, whereas Canadian organic fruits and vegetables and dairy products are mostly consumed domestically. With the exception of dairy products and a few other products such as breakfast cereal and fruit juice, Canadian companies have been mostly absent from the rapidly growing markets for processed organic foods. The extent to which these markets are currently being penetrated by Canadian organic food manufacturers and the size of the price premiums earned by these companies are worthy of investigation. Very little...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45742
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An Analysis of the Impact of European Union and United States Dairy Policies on EU-U.S. Trade in Milk Protein Concentrate AgEcon
Gehrke, Brad C.; Babula, Ronald A.; Coleman, Jonathan R..
During 1996-2000, U.S. imports of milk protein concentrate (MPC) increased rapidly. At the same time, Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) stocks of non-fat dry milk (NFDM) went from nothing to more than 500 million pounds. Consequently, U.S. milk producers attributed low milk prices and dairy farmer income during this period to the increased imports of MPC. U.S. milk producers were especially concerned with MPC imports for two reasons. First, MPC between 40 and 90 percent protein had been classified in subheading 0404.90.10 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTS). Thus, MPC was not subject to the tariff-rate quotas applied to many other dairy products. Second, MPC produced in the European Union (EU) and exported to the United States was...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15875
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Economic Analysis of Domestic and Ocean Transportation for U.S. Grain Shipments AgEcon
Koo, Won W..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1982 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23152
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Internationalization and Firm Performance in Agribusiness: Empirical Evidence from European Cooperatives AgEcon
Heyder, Matthias; Makus, Christian; Theuvsen, Ludwig.
The ongoing internationalization of markets has become a major issue also for companies of the agribusiness. Nevertheless, neither the degree of internationalization of agribusiness firms nor the internationalization-performance relationship in the agribusiness sector have been analyzed thoroughly so far. To help fill this void, we use panel data compiled from annual reports and balance sheets to investigate the internationalization as well as the internationalization-performance relationship of 21 leading European cooperatives in the dairy and meat sectors. Our results indicate that internationalization has a significant positive impact on firm performance.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Internationalization; Firm performance; Cooperatives; Dairy industry; Meat industry; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121847
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King or Pawn? Consumer Preference in International Trade AgEcon
Thomsbury, Suzanne; Fairchild, Gary F..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93700
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Flexible Trade Policies in Agriculture Sectors of Developing Countries: Proposing a Technical Approach for Sri Lanka AgEcon
Herath, Anura.
After two decades of liberalized economic policies together with early accession to WTO, Sri Lanka could not achieve the exp ected fast economic growth. Agriculture growth in particular fell sharply. WTO Doha round expects a deeper liberalization. Instead, we will benefit more from being a friend of the "Development Box" and securing flexibility in tariff revisions. In asserting this, the paper analyzes impacts of liberalized policies on agriculture, stress the need for flexible trade policies and formulate a design for self designating Special Products (SP) and Special Safeguard Mechanisms (SSM). The past economic growth favoured mostly urbanised population. Sluggish rural agricultural growth, hurt with increased food imports, was the main cause of this...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Sri Lanka; Trade liberalization; Market access; Special products; Special safeguard mechanisms; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25735
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