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A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE EU-MOROCCO FTA VS. MULTILATERAL LIBERALIZATION AgEcon
Elbehri, Aziz; Hertel, Thomas W..
An applied general equilibrium model with oligopoly and scale economies, based on detailed plant-level data, is used to contrast the impacts of the Morocco-EU free trade area (FTA) to multilateral trade liberalization on Morocco'’s economy. Simulation results show that the FTA agreement is likely to have adverse effects on Morocco due to: (a) deteriorating terms of trade, (b) reductions in output per firm in industries dominated by scale economies, (c) diversion of imports away from non-EU suppliers, and (d) potentially adverse effects on the aggregate demand for labor. We contrast this FTA with a multilateral liberalization scenario along the lines of those proposed under the Doha Development Round and find this more beneficial to Morocco, with overall...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28692
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A comparative analysis of the purchase motivations of Fair Trade products: the impact of social capital AgEcon
De Devitiis, Biagia; D'Alessio, Massimiliano; Maietta, Ornella Wanda.
Objective of this paper is to analyse the motivations in the purchase of Fair Trade (FT) food products sold in the World Shops (WS) in order to characterize WS consumer profiles according to the ethical content of their motivations. A questionnaire has been distributed, at this end, to a sample of consumers in Emilia Romagna, Puglia and in Campania. A principal component analysis has been performed in order to identify the main motivations in the purchase. On the basis of these results, consumers have been classified, by applying a cluster analysis, in homogenous segments. The cluster analysis reveals that 76% of consumers in Emilia Romagna buy FT products for an ethical motivation, 56% of consumers in Puglia and 43% of consumers in Campania buy these...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Ethical consumer; Fair trade; Social capital; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44148
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A Comparative Study of China's and Australia's Cotton Production AgEcon
Zhao, Xufu; Tisdell, Clement A..
After providing information about the global importance of cotton as a textile and China’s and Australia’s contribution to global cotton production, this paper examines and compares trends in the time-series of cotton production of China and Australia for the period 1980-2007. In doing so, it takes account of changes in the area planted with cotton and its yield. Correlation estimates and decomposition analysis are used to determine the relative contribution to variations in the total output of cotton of changes in the total area planted with cotton and its yield in both countries. These relative contributions are found to be quite different for Australia and China. In addition, there is a comparative analysis of fluctuations in the production of cotton,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Australia; Agricultural economics; China; Cotton production; Cotton supply responses; Fibre markets; Fluctuations in agricultural production; Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Q00; Q10; Q11; Q13; Q18; Q19.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90622
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A Comparative Study of EU and US Trade Policies for Developing Countries: The Case of Agri-Food Products AgEcon
Di Rubbo, P.; Canali, Gabriele.
Trade relations between developed and developing countries are one of the hot topics of the ongoing World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations. The conclusion of the Cotonou Agreement between EU and African, Caribbean and Pacific countries, the introduction of the EU’s Everything But Arms initiative for the least developed countries and the United States’ African Growth and Opportunity Act for 39 African Countries, represents tangible incentives for many developing countries to continue their efforts to open their economies and build free markets. This paper analyzes the trade creating effects of EU and US trade policies as total effect, for agri-food products of developing countries in a gravity model framework. Data refer to a 10 year period: 1996-2005....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Gross Trade Creation; Agricultural Trade Policy; Developed and Developing Countries; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43961
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A Comparative Study of FAO and USDA Data on Production, Area, and Trade of Major Food Staples AgEcon
Paulino, Leonardo A.; Tseng, Shen Sheng.
The setting of priorities for policy research at the International Food Policy Research Institute depends largely on an understanding of basic national and global trends in food production, consumption, and trade. Although IFPRI draws heavily on the analyses by FAO and other agencies for much of this information, it is also intensely examines the basic data, not only to carefully adjust its own program but to judge independently the key variable in these trends. Initially IFPRI worked largely from USDA data, but recent efforts have depended primarily on FAO statistics. This experience with the published data of both agencies has led Leonardo Paulino and Shen Sheng Tseng to undertake this analyses available to the research community at large, we hope to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Statistical services; Produce trade; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; United States Dept. of Agriculture; Farm Management; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1980 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42220
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A comparison between South African agricultural exports to the European union and those of other selected southern hemisphere countries AgEcon
Adriaen, D.; Kleynhans, Theo E.; Tollens, Eric.
Primary Eurostat data of EU imports of agricultural products from selected southern hemisphere countries - namely, South Africa, Argentina, Chile, Australia and New Zealand - was used to compare the exports from those countries to the EU for the period 1988 to 2000. The study starts with a general overview of the total and agricultural export performance of these selected countries in a global context and their specialization indexes for food. This is followed by a comparison of the total value, total mass and value per tonne of agricultural exports to the EU and of their exploitation of seasonal differences with the northern hemisphere in terms of relative emphasis on particular product groups and value/mass ratios of their major products. Comparison is...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9486
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A COMPARISON IN TRANSITO: TO ADAPT, APPLY AND EVALUATE THE ITC'S TPI FOR ANALYSING EXPORT INDUSTRIES' EXPORT STRATEGIES: THE CASE OF FRESH GRAPES AND ORANGES AgEcon
Blignaut, C.S..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18023
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A comparison of Indonesian and Vietnamese approaches to agriculture in the ASEAN-China FTA AgEcon
Vanzetti, David; Setyoko, Nur Rakhman; Ngoc Que, Nguyen; Trewin, Ray.
Both Indonesia and Vietnam, as members of ASEAN, have negotiated a free trade agreement with China (ACFTA). ASEAN Member States can independently negotiate their tariff reductions. Both countries are generally aware of the opportunities access to the large Chinese market may present, but both are concerned to differing degrees about being flooded with Chinese imports, including agricultural products. As the time for implementation approaches, Indonesia has expressed a desire to renegotiate its tariff reduction schedules to protect sensitive sectors, including agriculture. By contrast, Vietnam, just over the border from China and with a history of informal trade, seems more accepting of the prospects. A global general equilibrium model, GTAP, is used to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/101002
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A Comparison of Tariffs and Quotas in a Strategic Setting AgEcon
Karp, Larry S..
We model the situation where two large countries impose either tariffs or quotas and a third large country remains passive. The introduction of the third country overturns results from two-country models. Stable quota equilibria are capable of reproducing the equilibrium price under tariffs, and Nash equilibria with quotas can result in positive amounts of trade. Using a linear partial equilibrium model, we show that world welfare may be higher under Nash quotas than under Nash tariffs. However, simulation results suggest that tariffs are likely to result in higher welfare than quotas.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Tariffs and quotas; Nash equilibria; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51250
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A Comparison of the Simulation Results From Five International Trade Models AgEcon
Meilke, Karl D..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50640
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A Comparison of the Simulation Results from Six International Trade Models AgEcon
Meilke, Karl D..
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123564
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A Compilation of Reported Non-Tariff Measures: Description of the Information AgEcon
Donnelly, William A.; Manifold, Diane.
The compilation of NTMs for goods and services described in this paper cover 53 countries, and it was constructed so as to focus upon members of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation forum (APEC) and the proposed Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA). The compilation is organized by country, category, generic barrier, specific barrier, sector, product, source, and year. It provides information on goods and services and gives the reference source for each entry. The information contained is expected to be of potential use to researchers and policymakers.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15869
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A COMPUTATIONAL LABORATORY FOR EVOLUTIONARY TRADE NETWORKS AgEcon
Tesfatsion, Leigh; Stewart, Deron; McFadzean, David.
This study presents, motivates, and illustrates the use of a computational laboratory for the investigation of evolutionary trade network formation among strategically interacting buyers, sellers, and dealers. The computational laboratory, referred to as the Trade Network Game Laboratory (TNG Lab), is targetted for the Microsoft Windows desktop. The TNG Lab is both modular and extensible and has a clear, easily operated graphical use interface. It permits visualization of the formation and evolution of trade networks by means of real-time animations. Data tables and charts reporting descriptive performance statistics are also provided in real time. The capabilities of the TNG Lab are demonstrated by means of labor market experiments.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Computational laboratory; Buyer-seller trade networks; Evolutionary game; Network animation; Agent-based computational economics; C++ class framework; Labor market experiments; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18199
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A Conflict of Legitimate Concerns or Pandering to Vested Interests? Conflicting Attitudes Towards the Regulation of Trade in Genetically Modified Goods - The EU and the US AgEcon
Perdikis, Nicholas.
The success of multilateral negotiations in reducing explicit trade barriers has focused the attention of policy makers and other interest groups on the impact domestic policies and attitudes may have on trade flows. In the area of genetically modified goods the principal area of dispute between the U.S. and the EU involves fundamental differences in the perception of these goods and consumer attitudes towards them. The current dispute settlement mechanisms do not provide a way of dealing with this type of issue. Existing bodies were designed to deal with "producer vested" interests and so cannot deal with "legitimate" consumer concerns. The paper concludes that a new body should be established to deal with these within the ambit of the WTO.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Conflicts; EU; GMOs; Trade; U.S.; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23835
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A Consistent Picture of Applied Protection Across the World AgEcon
Bouet, Antoine; Decreux, Yvan; Fontagne, Lionel; Jean, Sebastien; Laborde, David.
In order to provide with a consistent assessment of protection across the world in 2001, the MAcMap-HS6 database includes ad valorem equivalent measure of tariff duties and tariff rate quotas for 163 countries and 208 partners, at the six-digit level of the Harmonized System (5,111 products), and accounting for all preferential agreements. We first describe the methodology used to compute and aggregate ad valorem-equivalent applied tariff duties, well suited for analytical purposes. Special emphasis is put in minimizing the endogeneity bias in the aggregation procedure, and in acknowledging structural differences in export specialization. We then overview applied protection across the world, in terms of average as well as distribution. Protection...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18859
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A Constitutional Political Economy Perspective on International Trade AgEcon
Vanberg, Viktor.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50875
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A Continental Method for Estimating the Supply and Import/ Export of Wheat AgEcon
Kubo, Masayoshi; Xie, Jingci.
Wheat is the principal food of about half of the world’s population. In the 21st century, a steep increase in the global population is expected, mostly in Asia and Africa. While there is a saturation of food in developed countries, many developing countries suffer from a food shortage. We examine the production and supply of wheat by continent, focusing mainly on wheat shortages in Asia and Africa. We also drew conclusions about wheat distribution.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7068
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A crise econômica mundial de 2007 a 2009 e o setor exportador de café no Brasil: análise das perdas AgEcon
Pereira, Vanessa da Fonseca; Campos, Antonio Carvalho; Braga, Marcelo Jose; Mendonca, Talles Girardi de.
This study analyzed the Brazilian coffee exporter’s losses between the years 2002 and 2009, by emphasizing the 2007/09 crisis, which affected several sectors and generated instability and uncertainty about the future results of the economic activities. The Brazilian coffee exporting sector is fully inserted in this context, once it acts in the financial markets and it is still subject to the strong variations from the physical market. Thus, the central analysis dealt with the volatility of the exporters returns and was based on auto regressive models with conditional heteroscedaticity (ARCH) and on the Value at Risk (VAR) estimative. As a supplement, the effects from the external demand for the Brazilian coffee and from the exchange rate variation over the...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Volatility; Coffee; Crisis; Demand and Price Analysis; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121295
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A Critical Survey of Databases on Tariffs and Trade Available for the Analysis of EU Agricultural Agreements AgEcon
Drogue, Sophie; Bartova, Lubica.
Applied trade analysis and modeling would not be possible without databases. Over the last few years, a considerable effort has been devoted to put together and harmonize a huge amount of data. This has lead to the construction of large-scale datasets on trade (imports and exports in volume and value terms). In parallel, increasing attention has been devoted to measuring tariffs and other trade barriers. These efforts are still under way. It is only recently that large-scale models, for example, have taken into account the lower tariffs applied under preferential agreements (the former generation of models only considered the "bound" tariffs that act as a ceiling in many countries). The changes resulting from the introduction of better data on tariffs have...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7287
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A Critique of Computable General Equilibrium Models for Trade Policy Analysis AgEcon
Hazledine, Tim.
The paper will deal in turn with three sets of modelling issues: the question of 'data'; the 'micro' problem of specifying market behaviour, and the. 'macro' issue of 'closing' the models in aggregate. I will conclude with some suggestions for future research. The basic theme of the paper is this: CGE modelling is essentially a conservative or 'neoclassical' scientific endeavour, and exhibits the strengths and weaknesses of neoclassicism. And as for the recent injection of apparently nonneoclassical imperfect competition or industrial organization (IO) concepts into CGE, though, as an 10 specialist myself I certainly welcome this in principle, I have doubts about the usefulness of the practice.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51131
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