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A Cross Comparison Between California and Its Domestic and International Competitors With Respect to Key Labor Issues AgEcon
Hurley, Sean P..
California had a market value of agricultural products sold of $25.7 billion in the year 2002 ranking it as the top agricultural producing state in the country. Approximately 74% of this market value was attributed to crop sales. California producers spent nearly $20.5 billion on total farm expenses. The largest single expense for agricultural producers in the state was labor at $4.3 billion. Another $1.6 billion was spent on contract labor. Hired and contract labor expenses accounted for nearly 29% of total farm expense. Approximately 34,000 California farms hired over 535,000 laborers. Of these farms, 25% reported hiring migrant labor and 29% hired 10 or more employees. With labor being such an integral part of the California producers’ operations, the...
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121616
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A CROSS-SECTION ANALYSIS OF INTRA-INDUSTRY TRADE IN THE U.S. PROCESSED FOOD AND BEVERAGE SECTORS AgEcon
Hartman, Darcy A.; Henderson, Dennis R.; Sheldon, Ian M..
This paper analyzes the determinants of variation across industries in levels of intra-industry trade (IIT) for a sample of 36 U.S. processed food and beverage industries in 1987, previous studies of intra-industry trade having focused on industry characteristics in the manufacturing sectors. The determinants predicted by IIT theory are measures of product differentiation, economies of scale, and imperfect competition; the results of this analysis indicate that IIT variation across the food and beverage industries is positively related to product differentiation, U.S. total trade, similarity of tariff barriers among trade partners, and economies of scope, but negatively related to industry concentration.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26561
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A CROSS-SECTION ANALYSIS OF THE INTRA-INDUSTRY TRADE IN THE U.S. PROCESSED FOOD AND BEVERAGE SECTORS AgEcon
Hartman, Darcy A.; Henderson, Dennis R.; Sheldon, Ian M..
This paper analyzes the determinants of variation across industries in levels of intra-industry trade (IIT) for a sample of thirty-six U.S. processed food and beverage industries in 1987, previous studies of intra-industry trade having focused on industry characteristics in the manufacturing sectors. The determinants predicted by IIT theory are measures of product differentiation, economies of scale, and imperfect competition; the results of this analysis indicate that IIT variation across the food and beverage industries is positively related to product differentiation, economies of scope, and similarity of tariff barriers among trade partners, but negatively related to industry concentration.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1993 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31555
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A Customer Service Design Case Study: Insights on Customer Loyalty in the Brazilian Food Sector AgEcon
Florencio de Almeida, Ione Lucia; Florencio de Almeida, Luciana.
Marketing managers of local and international food companies have realized that what they offer to customers go well beyond the characteristics and attributes of the products their companies manufacture and market. Service has become an integral part of the offer (Grönroos, 1993); a high service quality improves the company competitiveness, builds customer trust, supports the company brand and other product attributes (Berry & Parasuraman, 1991, p. 12). This paper seeks to investigate whether customer care service perceived quality in the food sector is truly relevant to customer satisfaction and loyalty.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Quality service evaluation; Consumer service; Loyalty; Food industry; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44899
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A Decomposition of North American Trade Growth since NAFTA AgEcon
Hillberry, Russell H.; McDaniel, Christine A..
Total U.S. trade with NAFTA partners has increased 78 percent in real terms since 1993–U.S.-Mexico trade alone is up 141 percent–compared to a 43 percent increase in U.S. trade with the rest of the world. In this article we compare the nature of U.S. trade growth with Canada and Mexico to growth in U.S. trade with non-NAFTA partners. We apply a simple decomposition of trade growth offered by Hummels and Klenow (2002) that provides insights into whether the United States is trading more of the same goods with NAFTA partners since 1993, or trading new products. The results provide evidence of both. A sizeable component of U.S. trade growth since 1993 can be explained by increases in the variety of products the U.S. imports from Mexico.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15866
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A Demand System Analysis of the U.S. Trout Market AgEcon
Lee, Young-Jae; Kennedy, P. Lynn; Hilbun, Brian M..
The objective of this study is to analyze how imported trout affects the domestic U.S. trout industry.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Trout; Demand System; Import; International Relations/Trade; F10; F11; F13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56414
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A Dependência Crescente do Agronegócio para os Saldos de Comércio Exterior Brasileiro, 1998 a 2007 AgEcon
Nascimento, Katiucy Lemes; Nascimento, Carlos Alves; Cardozo, Soraia Aparecida.
O artigo apresenta dados que mostram a importância do agronegócio para a geração de superávits na conta de comércio exterior brasileiro. Apresenta também quais produtos do agronegócio têm maior participação no desempenho do setor. Objetiva, nesse sentido, contribuir para o debate acerca da perspectiva do saldo comercial brasileiro ficar cada vez mais dependente das exportações do agronegócio e de setores com menor conteúdo tecnológico. The paper presents data that shows the importance of the agribusiness for the generation of superavits in the Brazilian foreign trade. It presents also which products of the agribusiness have bigger participation in the performance of the sector. It aims, in that sense, contribute for the debate about the perspective of the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agronegócio; Balança comercial; Comércio exterior; Agribusiness; Trade balance; Foreign trade; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/102554
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A Descriptive Analysis of Canada and Mexico Who Import United States Dairy Products AgEcon
Zhang, Xumin; Kilmer, Richard L.; Muhammad, Andrew.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15697
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A Descriptive Analysis of Chili, Colombia, and Venezuela Who Import United States Dairy Products AgEcon
Zhang, Xumin; Kilmer, Richard L.; Muhammad, Andrew.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15712
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A Descriptive Analysis of Egypt and Saudi Arabia Who Import United States Dairy Products AgEcon
Zhang, Xumin; Kilmer, Richard L.; Muhammad, Andrew.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15698
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A Descriptive Analysis of Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama Who Import United States Dairy Products AgEcon
Zhang, Xumin; Kilmer, Richard L.; Muhammad, Andrew.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15695
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A Descriptive Analysis of Hong Kong, Japan, and South Korea Who Import United States Dairy Products AgEcon
Zhang, Xumin; Kilmer, Richard L.; Muhammad, Andrew.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15709
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A Descriptive Analysis of Recent Trends in the International Market for Dry Milk Products AgEcon
Gould, Brian W.; Villarreal, Hector J..
This Discussion Paper provides a comprehensive description of longer-term trends for exports and world prices of dry milk products. The importance of U.S. exports of dry milk products is suggested by figures in the paper showing that in 2000, 17% of U.S. nonfat dry milk, 35% of dry whey, 47% of lactose, and 11% of whey protein concentrates were exported. The Gould-Villarreal study documents the decline in world trade in nonfat dry milk and expansion of world trade in whole milk powder. The paper suggests that collective product mix decisions of the U.S. dairy industry are partially out-of-sync with world demand. Other implications for U.S. dairy exporters of changes in world demand for dry milk products are discussed.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Dry Milk Products; U.S. Dry Milk Exports; World Trade; Dry Milk Product Prices; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37639
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A Descriptive Analysis of Selected Southeast Asia Countries That Import United States Dairy Products AgEcon
Zhang, Xumin; Kilmer, Richard L.; Muhammad, Andrew.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15710
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A Descriptive Analysis of Several Caribbean Countries That Import United States Dairy Products AgEcon
Zhang, Xumin; Kilmer, Richard L.; Muhammad, Andrew.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15699
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A Descriptive Analysis of the Netherlands and the United Kingdom Who Import United States Dairy Products AgEcon
Zhang, Xumin; Kilmer, Richard L.; Muhammad, Andrew.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15701
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A Determination of the Trade Creation and Diversion Effects of Regional Trade Agreements in the Western Hemisphere AgEcon
Hilbun, Brian M.; Kennedy, P. Lynn; Dufour, Elizabeth Anne.
With the recent proliferation of Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) the tendency world-wide has been seemingly toward trade liberalization. This thesis is primarily concerned with the impacts RTAs have had in the Western Hemisphere regarding agricultural trade flows. Utilizing the framework of the Gravity Model, agricultural trade flows for 24 Western Hemisphere Nations were examined. In the course of the study it was expected that if RTAs were to have an effect it would be a positive Trade Creation Effect and a negative Trade Diversion Effect with positive effects for GDP of importer/exporter and population size of importer/exporter and a negative effect for that of distance. Of the five agreements examined (NAFTA, AC, MERCO, LAIA, and CACM), NAFTA and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21138
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A DIFFERENTIATED GOODS MODEL OF THE EFFECTS OF EUROPEAN POLICIES IN INTERNATIONAL POULTRY MARKETS AgEcon
Alston, Julian M.; Scobie, Grant M..
The Common Agricultural Policy increases European poultry production costs, prohibits imports, increases domestic prices, and subsidizes exports. This policy has displaced some U.S. exports. However, the net impact in the U.S. has been quite modest, even assuming poultry is homogeneous, independent of source country. Costs to U.S. producers are almost entirely offset by gains to U.S. consumers. Effects in the U.S. are even smaller when imperfect substitutability between poultry from different countries is accounted for. A retaliatory U.S. export subsidy would have more dramatic effects in U.S. markets.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29306
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A DISAGGREGATED TIME-SERIES ANALYSIS OF EXPORT-BASE MODELS: A CASE STUDY ON ELKO COUNTY OF NEVADA AgEcon
Banerjee, Swagata (Ban); Harris, Thomas R..
An important issue of debate in economic base literature is whether the export-base theory applies best to the short run, the long run, or both. An attempt is being made here in answering this crucial question by applying a two-step test for cointegration on quarterly employment data, and in gaining insights as to whether or not any unequivocal judgment can be made regarding the validity of the economic base hypothesis.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20640
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A Discriminant Analysis of Factors Associated with The Adoption Of Certified Organic Farming By Smallholder Farmers in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa AgEcon
Kisaka-Lwayo, Maggie.
Discriminant analysis was used to identify the characteristics that distinguish between fully-certified organic, partially-certified organic and non-organic farmers in Umbumbulu district, KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), South Africa (SA) during October- November 2004. 200 farmers interviewed were drawn by purposively selecting the 151 members of the Ezemvelo Farmers’ Organisation (EFO), and by random sampling 49 non-organic farmers in wards neighbouring EFO. Results from the two estimated discriminant functions suggested that farmers with higher household sizes, incomes, input costs per hectare and number of chickens owned, locations further from innovators and less risk aversion were more likely to be certified as organic. Household location should be considered in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Adoption; Organic; Discriminant Analysis; South Africa; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Demand and Price Analysis; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Marketing; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52155
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