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A Study on the International Marketing and Branding Strategies of Taiwan's Phalaenopsis Orchid Industry AgEcon
Chang, Ching-Cheng; Wu, Chia-Hsun.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Marketing.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103706
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A Survey of Findings on the Poverty Impacts of Agricultural Trade Liberalization AgEcon
Hertel, Thomas W..
The purpose of this survey is to review the available empirical evidence on the impacts of agricultural trade liberalization on poverty – considering both the impact of domestic and international liberalization. Since trade liberalization is generally an economywide phenomenon, with tariff cuts occurring across a wide range of commodities, we do not restrict ourselves to episodes where only agricultural trade was liberalized, although emphasis in this survey is given to agricultural trade policies. Furthermore, given the difficulty of isolating the effects of trade policies alone, we will also consider the impact of other types of external shocks which have the effect of changing the relative prices of tradeable and non-tradeable goods. By examining the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Poverty; Rural development; Agriculture; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/110127
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A survey of the assessments of the effectiveness of Preferential Trade Agreements using gravity models AgEcon
Cardamone, Paola.
This paper reviews the empirical literature using a gravity model to assess the impact on trade of Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs) and provides a critical analysis of the choices made to carry out the estimations. With respect to the effectiveness of PTAs, the main result that emerges from the review is that PTAs tend to foster trade between the countries involved. However, two empirical issues appear relevant. First, the use of dummy variables to proxy PTAs does not adequately describe the preferences granted and can be misleading. Indeed, the use of dummies does not allow to discern among the different preferential trade policy instruments used as well as to measure the level of the trade preferences granted. As a result, dummies do not allow to...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7282
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A SYSTEM-WIDE APPROACH FOR ANALYZING JAPANESE WHEAT IMPORT ALLOCATION DECISIONS AgEcon
Schmitz, Troy G.; Wahl, Thomas I..
This paper develops and implements an import allocation model based on Theil's system-wide approach to demand and tests the assumption of blockwise dependence and uniform substitutability among different sources and types of wheat imported by Japan.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20780
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A SYSTEM-WIDE APPROACH FOR ANALYZING THE EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATES ON FRESH APPLE IMPORT DEMAND AgEcon
Acharya, Ram N.; Schmitz, Troy G..
This study examines the impact of changes in exchange rate and import market composition on fresh apple import demand using source differentiated import demand functions. We modify the standard Rotterdam model to incorporate exchange rate effects by revisiting Barten's fundamental matrix equation of consumer demand theory and viewing exchange rate as a "sticky" preference variable. The results show that the preference variable had a significant impact on UK but not on Malaysian and Saudi Arabian import demands.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20219
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A Tale of Three Countries: Italian, Spanish and Swiss Manufacturing Operations in China AgEcon
Gattai, Valeria.
In this paper we investigate the choice of FDI versus joint-venture, made by Italian, Spanish and Swiss multinationals in China, as shaped by the risk of Dissipation of Intangible Assets. Probit estimates, based on an entirely new firm-level dataset, constructed by the author, show that FDI is more likely to emerge when know-how easily spills over - namely for firms endowed with more Intangible Assets or belonging to high tech sectors - in line with the theoretical expectations.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12104
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A Tale of Two Commodities: China’s Trade in Corn and Soybeans AgEcon
Gale, H. Frederick, Jr..
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55021
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A Theory of Nonprice Export Promotion with Application to USDA's Subsidy Programs AgEcon
Kinnucan, Henry W.; Xiao, Hui.
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122991
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A TRADE LIBERALIZATION IN INTERNATIONAL DAIRY MARKETS AgEcon
Langley, Suchada V.; Blayney, Donald P.; Stout, Jim; Somwaru, Agapi; Normile, Mary Anne; Miller, James J.; Stillman, Richard.
International dairy industries remain among the most distorted agricultural sectors. Dairy average bound tariffs remain among the highest of all agricultural commodities, and dairy trade is characterized by a large number of megatariffs and tariff-rate quotas (TRQs). The objective of our study is to examine how the international dairy markets might respond to policy changes under various assumptions, using a partial equilibrium, multiple-commodity, multiple-region model of agricultural policy and trade. Our results indicate that liberalization will reduce supplies, increase dairy trade, and raise world prices.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Dairy Markets; Trade Liberalization; Model; Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21997
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A TRADE NETWORK GAME WITH ENDOGENOUS PARTNER SELECTION AgEcon
Tesfatsion, Leigh.
This paper develops a Trade Network Game (TNG) that combines evolutionary game play with endogenous partner selection. Resource-constrained buyers and sellers choose and refuse trade partners on the basis of continually updated expected payoffs. Partner selection takes place in accordance with a "deferred choice and refusal" mechanism that is shown to have interesting stability, optimality, and uniqueness properties. The iterated prisoner's dilemma strategies used by buyers and sellers to conduct their trades are evolved over time via a genetic algorithm that biases reproduction in favor of strategies that have been successful in past trades. The TNG is shown to encompass a variety of economic applications, such as job search games, labor markets...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Trade networks; Evolutionary game; Optimal search; Endogenous interactions; Iterated prisoner's dilemma; Multi-armed bandit game; Assignment game; Preferential partner matching; Genetic algorithm; Artificial life; Criterion filtering; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18191
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A Trade Regime for Sub-National Exports Under the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures AgEcon
Loppacher, Laura J.; Kerr, William A.; Barichello, Richard R..
Regulations relating to disease management have traditionally been an important component of the overall environment in which international trade in agriculture products occurs. The World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) allows members to restrict or prohibit imports from a country when imported products present a risk to human, animal or plant health or life. As the Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE, also commonly called Mad Cow disease in the media) outbreak in Canada showed, the disease status of a country is a major competitive advantage and losing disease-free status can impose significant costs on an industry. The risks associated with SPS-based border closures were not...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24166
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A Trade Regime for Sub-National Exports Under the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures AgEcon
Loppacher, Laura J.; Kerr, William A.; Barichello, Richard R..
Regulations relating to disease management have traditionally been an important component of the overall environment in which international trade in agriculture products occurs. The World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) allows members to restrict or prohibit imports from a country when imported products present a risk to human, animal or plant health or life. As the Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE, also commonly called Mad Cow disease in the media) outbreak in Canada showed, the disease status of a country is a major competitive advantage and losing disease-free status can impose significant costs on an industry. The risks associated with SPS-based border closures were not...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24152
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A Typical Scene: Five Exposures to Poverty AgEcon
Kanbur, Ravi.
Over the past decade, I have been involved with an “Exposure and Dialogue Program” (EDP), which literally exposes analysts and policy makers to the lived reality of poor women’s lives by getting them to spend a few days experiencing that life. After each EDP, participants are encouraged to write up their experiences in the form of “personal” and “technical” notes. This compendium brings together the personal notes I did for my five exposures.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Exposures to Poverty; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Public Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48921
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A US PERSPECTIVE ON APPROACHES TO MARKET ACCESS AgEcon
Frazier, Greg.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33073
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A User's Perspective on the Model Impact Analyses AgEcon
White, T. Kelley.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50641
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A válság hatása a magyar élelmiszer-gazdasági külkereskedelemre nemzetközi összehasonlításban AgEcon
Hartmut, Wagner.
Magyarország élelmiszer-gazdasági külkereskedelme az árciklus, és ezen belül elsősorban az árrobbanás nyertesei közé sorolható. Lényegesen javult az egyenleg a válság előtti időszakhoz képest, a gabona és olajos növények exportja a növekvő piaci áraknak köszönhetően ugrásszerűen emelkedett a 2007-2008. években. A többi ágazat képe alapján azonban már inkább a vesztesek körébe került Magyarország, elsősorban a húspiacon (kivéve a baromfiszektort), a tej és tejtermékek, valamint a gyümölcs- és zöldségtermelés csökkenő nemzetközi versenyképessége miatt. Ha a főbb versenytársak élelmiszer-gazdasági külkereskedelmének alakulásával hasonlítjuk össze hazánkét, még vegyesebb a kép. Hollandia például nem a növekvő nyersanyagáraknak köszönhetően ért el jelentős...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Válság; Árciklus; Árrobbanás; Élelmiszerek; Külkereskedelem; Crisis; Price cycle; Price explosion; Foodstuffs; Foreign trade; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99072
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A Weakening Global Economy Interrupts Agricultural Trade AgEcon
Gehlhar, Mark J.; Dohlman, Erik.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124155
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A WELFARE ANALYSIS OF EL NINO FORECASTS IN THE INTERNATIONAL TRADE OF FISH MEAL - AN APPLICATION OF STOCHASTIC SPATIAL EQUILIBRIUM MODEL AgEcon
Sun, Chin-Hwa; Chiang, Fu-Sung; Liu, Te-Shi; Chang, Ching-Cheng.
This study identifies the potential marine environment and economic effects of El Nino on anchovy, herring and sardine fisheries in the eastern equatorial Pacific. By considering the uncertainly of El Nino, this study used a stochastic spatial equilibrium model to evaluate the social welfare gains of 1997/98 El Nino forecasts in the international trade of fish-meal.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20770
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A WELFARE ANALYSIS OF PORT USER FEES: THE CASE OF GRAIN AND SOYEAN EXPORTS AgEcon
Peterson, E. Wesley F.; Viscencio-Brambila, Hector; Fuller, Stephen W..
User fees have become a popular means of financing public services, including certain transportation facilities. The Water Resources Development Act of 1986 includes provisions for user fees to finance part of the costs of operations, maintenance, and new construction of the U.S. port system. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the welfare implications of this legislation. An analytical model is developed and used to estimate the impact of port user fees on grain and oilseed producers, consumers, and the government. The results of the analysis indicate that the user fee has a relatively small effect on producer welfare and that the efficiency gains resulting from the replacement of the government subsidy for port operations, maintenance, and new...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29253
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A zöldség- és gyümölcstermelés, valamint –kereskedelem Katalóniában AgEcon
Kozak, Anita.
Spanyolország az EU egyik legnagyobb zöldség- és gyümölcstermelő országa, amely a nem mindig ideális környezeti és infrastrukturális adottságok, az utóbbi éveket jellemző makrogazdasági nehézségek, a kiszámíthatatlan piaci folyamatok ellenére is versenyképes. Ennek alapja a termelők és a kereskedők közötti szoros és hosszú távú együttműködés. A spanyolországi gyümölcstermelés egyik központjaként számon tartott Katalóniába tett tanulmányút tapasztalatait adjuk közre a termelők és a kereskedők szerveződéséről, a több szintű koordinációról, illetve az érdekképviseleti szervezetek működéséről. --------------------------------------------------- Spain is one of the largest fruit and vegetable producer country in the EU, which has preserved its competitive edge...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Zöldség; Gyümölcs; Termelés; Kereskedelem; Spanyolország; Vegetables; Fruit; Production; Trade; Spain; Agribusiness; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119903
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