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Evaluación del nopal verdura como alimento funcional mediante opciones reales Colegio de Postgraduados
Valencia Sandoval, Karina.
El nopal (Opuntia spp.) es una especie básica en el consumo de los mexicanos, ya que en torno a este producto giran innumerables actividades económicas del campo y la industria. Además, el nopal puede ser considerado como un alimento funcional, es decir, que mejora la salud de quien lo consume. En el presente trabajo se hizo un estudio comparativo de la ganancia obtenida con un cultivo de nopal sin diferenciar y un cultivo en el que se invierten recursos, con el fin de promocionar sus características funcionales, en el que es posible diferenciar. Se usó una evaluación tradicional, obteniendo el valor actual neto, y una evaluación con opciones reales que, comparado con la evaluación tradicional, contempla la volatilidad en los precios y el cambio de...
Palavras-chave: Opuntia spp.; Evaluación tradicional; Expansión; Inversión; Valor; Traditional assessment; Expansion; Investment; Critical value; Maestría; Economía.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/58
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Evaluación del nopal verdura como alimento funcional mediante opciones reales Colegio de Postgraduados
Valencia Sandoval, Karina.
El nopal (Opuntia spp.) es una especie básica en el consumo de los mexicanos, ya que en torno a este producto giran innumerables actividades económicas del campo y la industria. Además, el nopal puede ser considerado como un alimento funcional, es decir, que mejora la salud de quien lo consume. En el presente trabajo se hizo un estudio comparativo de la ganancia obtenida con un cultivo de nopal sin diferenciar y un cultivo en el que se invierten recursos, con el fin de promocionar sus características funcionales, en el que es posible diferenciar. Se usó una evaluación tradicional, obteniendo el valor actual neto, y una evaluación con opciones reales que, comparado con la evaluación tradicional, contempla la volatilidad en los precios y el cambio de...
Palavras-chave: Opuntia spp.; Evaluación tradicional; Expansión; Inversión; Valor; Traditional assessment; Expansion; Investment; Critical value; Maestría; Economía.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/58
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Evaluación mediante opciones reales en la producción de jitomate en invernadero. Colegio de Postgraduados
Osorio Hernández, Olga Lidia.
La diversidad climática, tecnológica, económica y social que existe en el campo mexicano, las pequeñas unidades de producción con suelos degradados, problemas de escasez de agua, creciente contaminación e impactadas por un entorno con alteraciones climáticas, hace necesaria la trasformación del campo mexicano mediante tecnologías modernas y sustentables para impulsar el crecimiento sostenido y acelerado; como resultado de lo anterior, el gobierno federal implementó una política pública sobre agricultura protegida bajo el Programa de Apoyo a la Inversión en Equipamiento e Infraestructura. En este contexto, la presente investigación evalúa el proyecto de inversión para la construcción de un invernadero para la producción de jitomate a través de la teoría de...
Palavras-chave: Proyecto; Agricultura protegida; Inversión; Incertidumbre; Opciones reales; Project; Protected agriculture; Investment; Uncertainty; Real options; Maestría; Economía.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/779
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Evaluación mediante opciones reales en la producción de jitomate en invernadero. Colegio de Postgraduados
Osorio Hernández, Olga Lidia.
La diversidad climática, tecnológica, económica y social que existe en el campo mexicano, las pequeñas unidades de producción con suelos degradados, problemas de escasez de agua, creciente contaminación e impactadas por un entorno con alteraciones climáticas, hace necesaria la trasformación del campo mexicano mediante tecnologías modernas y sustentables para impulsar el crecimiento sostenido y acelerado; como resultado de lo anterior, el gobierno federal implementó una política pública sobre agricultura protegida bajo el Programa de Apoyo a la Inversión en Equipamiento e Infraestructura. En este contexto, la presente investigación evalúa el proyecto de inversión para la construcción de un invernadero para la producción de jitomate a través de la teoría de...
Palavras-chave: Proyecto; Agricultura protegida; Inversión; Incertidumbre; Opciones reales; Project; Protected agriculture; Investment; Uncertainty; Real options; Maestría; Economía.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10521/779
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EVOLUTION OF INVESTMENT FLOWS IN U.S. MANUFACTURING: A SPATIAL PANEL APPROACH AgEcon
Brown, Jason P.; Florax, Raymond J.G.M.; McNamara, Kevin T..
This paper is updated by the file at http://purl.umn.edu/54835
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Manufacturing; Investment; Location factors; Community/Rural/Urban Development; L60; R11; R30.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42502
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Facing decoupling: use of payments and investment reaction to decoupling in the EU AgEcon
Viaggi, Davide; Raggi, Meri; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio.
The main objective of this paper is to evaluate ex-post the effects of the 2003 reform, in particular decoupling, of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in the European Union (EU), with a specific focus on farm investment behaviour. In the past years a number of studies have addressed the issue of the impact of EU policy reforms. However, long-term effects of policy changes and related impacts on structural and investment behaviour received relatively little attention. This study is based on a survey of farm households in a number of EU Member States. In the majority of cases, farmers stated they were indifferent to decoupling. Where any change occurred, the impact of decoupling was highly differentiated. Numerous reactions are better explained by various...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Decoupling; Empirical survey; Investment; CAP reform; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Production Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51724
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Factors Influencing Private Landowner Restoration Investment Decisions in Coastal Louisiana AgEcon
Dedah, Cheikhna O.; Kazmierczak, Richard F., Jr.; Keithly, Walter R., Jr..
Coastal wetland loss has been a major problem in Louisiana, exceeding 1.2 million acres over the last century alone. Although federal, state, and local efforts have attempted to combat this loss from a public perspective, little has been done to encourage private landowners to maintain and protect their coastal lands. This paper investigates the factors that influence private landowners to invest in coastal wetland restoration and maintenance activities in Louisiana. We surveyed private coastal landowners to determine their general socioeconomic characteristics, attitudes toward risks, attitudes toward wetland conservation, current uses of landholdings, and previous investments in wetland restoration and maintenance projects. Using this survey data, an...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Wetlands; Restoration; Investment; Risk; Attitudes; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56451
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Farmer investment into biosecurity on broiler and layer farms in Bali AgEcon
Ambarawati, I Gusti Agung Ayu; Prasetyo, Bugie Kurnianto; Patrick, Ian.
This paper measures the cost of implementing biosecurity on broiler and layer farms in Bali. Farmer investment in biosecurity is analysed to determine if there is any difference in the implementation of biosecurity between broiler and layer farms. Data is taken from a survey of 60 layer and 60 broiler smallholder farmers in Bali in 2009. While secure boundary fencing and farm gate locks are more common on layer farms, broiler producers are more likely to have a footbaths at the shed door. In this analysis, biosecurity investments include the quality of fencing and gates, presence of locks on gates, management changes required to minimise staff and visitor movement onto and in the farm, costs of minimising vehicle entry, use of vaccination and disinfectant,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biosecurity; Poultry; Investment; Bali; Farm Management.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100530
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Financial constraints in economic transition: Empirical evidence from Ukrainian large farms AgEcon
Zinych, Nataliya; Odening, Martin; Huettel, Silke.
This paper addresses the question of financial constraints in Ukrainian agriculture in transition. The main objective is to reveal the evidence of the both phenomena, soft budget constraints and credit rationing, investigating investment behaviour of large farms in Ukraine. Our empirical analysis is based on unbalanced panel data containing 529 agricultural enterprises from three Ukrainian regions between 2001 and 2005. Estimates of the Euler investment equation for several sub-samples reveal a dissimilar level of financial constraints. We confirm the presence of the soft financial environment (soft budget constraints) for the Ukrainian large farms being in an unconstrained financial regime. The farms belong to this regime if they receive credits after...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Transition agriculture; Investment; Soft budget constraints; Credit rationing; Ukraine; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7834
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Financial Risks, Bankruptcy Probabilities, and the Investment Behaviour of Enterprises AgEcon
Kirchesch, Kai.
The link between investment and finance usually enters the empirical literature in the form of financial constraints which are defined as the wedge between the costs of internal and external finance or as the risk of being rationed on the credit market. In this context, the sensitivity of investment with respect to single internal or external finance indicators is assumed to be appropriate to proxy for these constraints. However, enterprises that rely on external funds do not only face this external finance premium and potential borrowing limits, but also the risk of not being able to meet their repayment obligations and thus the risk of bankruptcy. If the risk of bankruptcy enters the profit maximization of the firm, the resulting empirical investment...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Investment; Bankruptcy; Financial Constaints; GMM; Financial Economics; E22; D92; G33; C23.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26185
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Framing sustainability in a telecoupled world. Repositório Alice
LIU, J.; HULL, V.; BATISTELLA, M.; DEFRIES, R.; DIETZ, T.; FU, F.; HERTEL, T. W.; IZAURRALDE, R. C.; LAMBIN, E. F.; LI, S.; MARTINELLI, L. A.; MCCONNELL, W. J.; MORAN, E. F.; NAYLOR, R.; OUYANG, Z.; POLENSKE, K. R.; REENBERG, A.; ROCHA, G. DE M.; SIMMONS, C. S.; VERBURG, P. H.; VITOUSEK, P. M.; ZHANG, F.; ZHU, C..
Interactions between distant places are increasingly widespread and influential, often leading to unexpected outcomes with profound implications for sustainability. Numerous sustainability studies have been conducted within a particular place with little attention to the impacts of distant interactions on sustainability in multiple places. although distant forces have been studied, they are usually treated as exogenous variables and feedbacks have rarely been considered. To understand and integrate various distant interactions better, we propose an integrated framework based on telecoupling, an umbrella concept that refers to socioeconomic and environmental interactions over distances. The concept of telecoupling is a logical extension of research on...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Agents; Causes; Coupled human-environment systems; Coupled human and natural systems; Coupled socialecological systems; Dispersal; Distant interactions; Effects; Feedbacks; Flows; Globalization; Investment; Knowledge transfer; Migration; Socioeconomic and environmental interactions; Species invasion; Sustainability; Technology transfer; Teleconnection; Telecoupling; Trade; Transnational land deals; Water transfer.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/961534
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Framing Sustainability in a Telecoupled World Ecology and Society
Liu, Jianguo; Michigan State University, USA; liuji@msu.edu; Hull, Vanessa; Michigan State University, USA; hullvane@csis.msu.edu; Batistella, Mateus; EMBRAPA Satellite Monitoring, Campinas, SP, Brazil; mb@cnpm.embrapa.br; DeFries, Ruth; Columbia University, USA; rd2402@columbia.edu; Dietz, Thomas; Michigan State University, USA; tdietz@msu.edu; Fu, Feng; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA; fufengenergy@gmail.com; Hertel, Thomas W.; Purdue University, USA; hertel@purdue.edu; Izaurralde, R. Cesar; University of Maryland, USA; cesar.izaurralde@pnnl.gov; Lambin, Eric F.; Stanford University, USA; elambin@stanford.edu; Li, Shuxin; Michigan State University, USA; lishu@msu.edu; McConnell, William J.; Michigan State University, USA; mcconn64@msu.edu; Moran, Emilio F.; Michigan State University, USA; moranef@msu.edu; Naylor, Rosamond; Stanford University, USA; Roz@stanford.edu; Ouyang, Zhiyun; Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; zyouyang@rcees.ac.cn; Polenske, Karen R.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA; krp@mit.edu; Reenberg, Anette; University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; Ar@geogr.ku.dk; Simmons, Cynthia S.; Michigan State University, USA; simmo108@msu.edu; Verburg, Peter H.; Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands; Peter.Verburg@ivm.vu.nl; Vitousek, Peter M.; Stanford University, USA; vitousek@leland.stanford.edu; Zhang, Fusuo; China Agricultural University, Beijing, China; zhangfs@cau.edu.cn; Zhu, Chunquan; International Union for Conservation of Nature, China; caomu1963@126.com.
Interactions between distant places are increasingly widespread and influential, often leading to unexpected outcomes with profound implications for sustainability. Numerous sustainability studies have been conducted within a particular place with little attention to the impacts of distant interactions on sustainability in multiple places. Although distant forces have been studied, they are usually treated as exogenous variables and feedbacks have rarely been considered. To understand and integrate various distant interactions better, we propose an integrated framework based on telecoupling, an umbrella concept that refers to socioeconomic and environmental interactions over distances. The concept of telecoupling is a logical extension of research on...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Synthesis Palavras-chave: Agents; Causes; Coupled human-environment systems; Coupled human and natural systems; Coupled social-ecological systems; Dispersal; Distant interactions; Effects; Feedbacks; Flows; Globalization; Investment; Knowledge transfer; Migration; Socioeconomic and environmental interactions; Species invasion; Sustainability; Technology transfer; Teleconnection; Telecoupling; Trade; Transnational land deals; Water transfer.
Ano: 2013
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FREE TRADE AND ECONOMIC GROWTH RESOURCES OF IRAN AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Koshteh, M.H. Karim; Karbasi, Ali Reza.
Free trading is considered as index of global economy and factor economic growth in many countries. In this study along with recognition of growth resources, those factors such as surplus value, Labour, capital, energy, government planning and expenditure which playing the main role in economic growth has been identified and analyzed. Also, international trade index impact along with other effective factors on surplus value are considered and estimated. The results show that Labour and energy are the most effective inputs on surplus value respectively. Then supposing that the sector experienced a productive agronomic year and supporting that Iran country was committed to a free trading framework, the relationships between various related variables were...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Free trading; Agriculture; Investment; Labour; Energy.; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25927
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Global Shifts in Agro-Industrial Capital and the Case of Soybean Crushing: Implications for Managers and Policy Makers AgEcon
Goldsmith, Peter D.; Li, Bing; Fruin, Jerry E.; Hirsch, Rodolfo.
Tremendous shifts are occurring in the location of agro-industrial capital around the globe. To focus discussion on this topic a session was convened at the annual meeting of the International Food and Agribusiness Management Association in Montreux, Switzerland in June of 2004. The session brought together researchers and industry leaders to better understand these dramatic shifts and the implications they hold for the agri-food system. The following article emerges from that session. The first part of the article provides the context for the discussion by looking at global shifts in soybean processing investment. The second part entails reaction by three industry panelists.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Soybeans; Processing; Investment; Global strategy; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8121
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GROWTH, POLICYMAKING, TRADE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN MALAYSIA AgEcon
Salih, Thamir M..
For the period between 1957 and 1997, Malaysia’s development is analysed to determine the roles of inputs, planning, trade and government intervention in economic activity. Foreign investment is also analysed. During this period, by international standards, growth that Malaysia experienced was impressive. This growth was achieved through a policy framework that used government planning and investment in conjunction with incentives for the private sector. A unique feature of Malaysia’s planning was its call for social justice to advance the economic interest of its less economically privileged population. By adopting amalgam of development strategies and policies, policymakers were successful in improving the socio-economic status of the majority of the...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Economic Development; Export; Growth; Investment; Planning; Sustainability; Country Studies: Malaysia.; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124437
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How Costly are (Agricultural) Investments during Economic Transition? A Critical Literature Appraisal AgEcon
Zinych, Nataliya; Odening, Martin.
Investment theory
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Investment; Transition; Credit constraints; Soft budget constraints; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics; O16; Q14; P23.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50319
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Identifying agricultural research and development investment opportunities in sub-Saharan Africa: A global, economy-wide analysis AgEcon
Ehui, Simeon K.; Tsigas, Marinos E..
Poverty is higher in most African countries than elsewhere in the developing world, and highest in the rural areas. Accelerating growth in agriculture will therefore be critical to sustain growth and reduce poverty, but policy makers are unsure which sub-sector will yield the highest return for a given budget. This paper uses an applied general equilibrium model to simulate productivity gains in sub-Saharan agriculture subject to trade-offs between gains in crops and gains in livestock. The simulated results suggest three conclusions. First, most sub-Saharan economies gain more from research and development (R&D) investment in crops than in livestock, though the SACU (South African Customs Union) economies and Madagascar benefit from sharing it between...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Livestock research; Development; Investment; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57018
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Impact of Government Payments, Depreciation and Inflation on Investment Behavior in American Agriculture Sector Using Sample of Kansas Farms AgEcon
Ariyaratne, Chatura B.; Featherstone, Allen M..
A farm’s physical investment is affected by its fundamental q and by its financial situation, with the later comprising both the firm’s liquidity and its possibility of facing capital market imperfections. This study determines the effects of government payments, depreciation, and inflation on crop farm machinery and equipment investment behavior employing the Nonlinear Generalized Method of Moment (GMM) estimator to estimate the investment system. The magnitude of the lagged cash flows such as government payments, cash crop income, and grain income were largely responsible for determining farm investment behavior in the Kansas agriculture sector. An increase in lagged machinery and equipment depreciation and lagged farm motor vehicle and listed property...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Investment; Liquidity; Fundamental q; Government payments; Depreciation; Inflation; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49301
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IMPACTS OF FINANCIAL CHARACTERISTICS AND THE BOOM-BUST CYCLE ON THE FARM INVENTORY-CASH FLOW RELATIONSHIP AgEcon
Bierlen, Ralph W.; Ahrendsen, Bruce L.; Dixon, Bruce L..
The sensitivity of farm inventory investment to movements in cash flow is tested. Inventories should be sensitive to shifts in cash flow because inventory investment is readily reversible and inventories are a significant portion of assets. Investment models estimated with Kansas farm panel data indicate that: (a) farms absorb internal finance shocks by adjusting inventories, (b) the inventory investment of livestock and high-debt farms are more sensitive to movements in cash flow than crop and low-debt farms, and (c) inventory investment is more sensitive to cash flow during the 1981-86 bust and the 1987-92 recovery than during the 1975-80 boom.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cash flow; Credit constraints; Farm cycles; Farm inventories; Investment; Investment models; Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15560
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Infrastructure Investment and Regional Economic Development in China AgEcon
Mi, Benjia.
This paper analyzes the effect of infrastructure investment on the increase of regional economic aggregate and the industrial development in China from the perspective of quantitative method. It also investigates the current situation of transportation infrastructure development in China. The policies of foreign infrastructure investment and regional economic growth and their characteristics are introduced. Finally, this paper puts forward some policy suggestions.
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Infrastructure; Investment; Economic development; China; Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53527
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