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MARKETING ORDER SUSPENSIONS AND FRESH LEMON RETAIL-FOB MARGINS AgEcon
Richards, Timothy J.; Kagan, Albert; Mischen, Pamela; Adu-Asamoah, Richard.
In August 1994, the Secretary of Agriculture announced the termination of the marketing order and the association flow-to-market, or prorate, controls for fresh California and Arizona (CA/AZ) lemons. Lemon growers and handlers have expressed concern over the impact of this decision on retail-FOB margins. This study presents an econometric model of fresh lemon marketing margins that tests for the presence of buyer and seller market power during previous periods of marketing order suspension. The results show that buyer and, to a lesser extent, seller market power cause retail-FOB margins to widen during periods of prorate suspension.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Conjectural variations; Lemons; Marketing order; Monopsony power; Retail-FOB margins; Marketing.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15114
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An Economic Evaluation of the Hass Avocado Promotion Order’s First Five Years AgEcon
Carman, Hoy F.; Li, Lan; Sexton, Richard J..
The U.S. avocado industry has evolved from an emphasis on seasonal domestic production of a mix of avocado varieties to year-round availability of domestic and imported Hass avocados. California avocado producers, who account for approximately 90% of U.S. avocado production and essentially all U.S. Hass avocado production, have funded promotional programs for avocados since 1961. With few imports of avocados prior to the early 1990s, the benefits from these demand-enhancing programs flowed directly to California producers. Imports of avocados into the United States have increased steadily since then, resulting in a free-rider problem that led ultimately to creation of the Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Act of 2000. This act established...
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Avocados; Commodity promotion; Marketing order; HAB; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Land Economics/Use; Marketing.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121697
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