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Environmental fate of chlordecone in coastal habitats: recent studies conducted in Guadeloupe and Martinique (Lesser Antilles) ArchiMer
Dromard, Charlotte R.; Devault, Damien; Bouchon-navaro, Yolande; Allénou, Jean-pierre; Budzinski, Hélène; Cordonnier, Sébastien; Tapie, Nathalie; Reynal, Lionel; Lemoine, Soazig; Thomé, Jean-pierre; Thouard, Emmanuel; Monti, Dominique; Bouchon, Claude.
The organochlorine pollution by chlordecone, an insecticide spread in the past in banana plantations, is now recognized as a major ecological, economic, and social crisis in Guadeloupe and Martinique Islands. Due to its physical and chemical properties, this molecule is particularly persistent in the natural environment. Volcanic soil of Guadeloupe and Martinique contain allophanes (amorphous clays), which favor chlordecone trapping due to their structure and physical properties. Thus, with this trapping ability, allophanes serve as a vector allowing chlordecone to contaminate runoff waters and, finally, the sea. In the present publication, several studies recently conducted in the Lesser Antilles have been compiled in order to evaluate the desorption of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Organochlorine pollution; Desorption; Allophane; Zooplankton; Trophic food webs; Bioamplification.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00484/59551/62539.pdf
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Assessment of the contamination of marine fauna by chlordecone in Guadeloupe and Martinique (Lesser Antilles) ArchiMer
Dromard, Charlotte; Bodiguel, Xavier; Lemoine, Soazig; Bouchon-navaro, Yolande; Reynal, Lionel; Thouard, Emmanuel; Bouchon, Claude.
Chlordecone is an organochlorine pesticide, used in the Lesser Antilles from 1972 to 1993 to fight against a banana weevil. That molecule is very persistent in the natural environment and ends up in the sea with runoff waters. From 2003 to 2013, seven campaigns of samplings have been conducted to evaluate the level of contamination of fish, crustaceans, and mollusks. The present study is the first assessment and the first comparison of the concentrations of chlordecone between marine areas, taxonomic groups, and ecological factors like trophic groups or preferential habitat of fish species. The four most contaminated marine areas are located downstream the contaminated rivers and banana plantations. Crustaceans seemed to be more sensitive to the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Chlordecone; Organochlorine pollution; Marine fauna; Contamination; Guadeloupe; Martinique.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00309/41989/41379.pdf
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