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A POSITIVE THEORY OF AGRICULTURAL PROTECTION AgEcon
Swinnen, Johan F.M..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Political Economy.
Ano: 1991 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6851
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A Positivist Approach to Pigouvian Taxes based on an Evolutionary Algorithm AgEcon
Simmons, Phil; Cacho, Oscar J..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Pigouvian tax; Pollution tax; Genetic algorithm; Political preferences; Environmental Economics and Policy; Political Economy.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12941
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A PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT: 2001 COURT RESTRUCTURING PLAN IMPACTS ON THREE IOWA COUNTIES AgEcon
Edelman, Mark A..
A preliminary study is one that is conducted to develop an initial framework of analysis and/or to gain an initial assessment to provide enough understanding of the research issue so as to inform the direction of a more complete and comprehensive data collection, study analysis, and policymaking deliberation. On November 8, 2001, the Iowa General Assembly and Governor approved a 4.3 percent across-the-board state budget reduction. This reduced the Judicial Branch budget by $5.5 million. In anticipation of and in response to fiscal concerns, the Judicial Branch announced plans for restructuring the Iowa court system. Iowa citizens and community and interest group leaders are interested in having the impacts of the proposals identified and assessed to assist...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18217
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A PRINCIPAL-AGENT APPROACH TO THE DELEGATION OF REGULATORY AUTHORITY AgEcon
Alevy, Jonathan E..
This paper applies a multi-tasking model of moral hazard to study the delegation of regulatory authority for health and environmental risks. The model characterizes the conditions under which single and multiple bureaucratic agencies are optimal, and relates these findings to discussions of appropriate regulation of agricultural biotechnology
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20764
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A Profile of Public Officials, Government Structure, and Environmental Issues in the Lower Sheyenne River Basin, North Dakota AgEcon
Leitch, Jay A.; Nelson, William C.; Saxowsky, David M..
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Political Economy.
Ano: 1977 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120853
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A Pro-Market Agenda for El Salvador AgEcon
Engel, Eduardo M.R.A..
This paper argues that, despite important productivity gains, reforms have benefited consumers much less than expected in El Salvador. Antitrust legislation, consumer protection and an adequate regulation of privatized utilities are central ingredients of a successful market economy. Major reforms that are needed in each one of these areas in El Salvador are described.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Market reform; Antitrust legislation; Consumer protection; Privatization; Regulation of utilities; Political Economy; D18; L40; L51; L94; L96; O12.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28438
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A Segmentation of U.S. Consumers on Attitudes Relating to Terrorism, and their Communication Preferences; Findings from a National Survey of Attitudes of U.S. Residents about Terrorism AgEcon
Degeneffe, Dennis J.; Kinsey, Jean D.; Stinson, Thomas F.; Ghosh, Koel.
In the light of lessons learned from recent disasters (The London Subway Bombings, and Hurricane Katrina), it has become clear that government and private organizations need to be prepared to communicate effectively with consumers before, during and after a disaster in order to minimize harm to consumers and to the nation. Findings from a national survey of attitudes of U.S. Residents about terrorism provides information for the development of such communications. Using "Predictive Segmentation" this study demonstrates that consumers can be grouped based on their general attitudes and values in such a way that their diversity can be captured in a simple framework of six segments reflecting striking differences with respect to their level of concern over...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14343
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A SIMULATION MODEL OF A POLITICAL ECONOMY AgEcon
Nelson, Glenn L.; Stenberg, Peter L..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14258
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A SPATIAL ECONOMETRIC STAR MODEL WITH AN APPLICATION TO U.S. COUNTY ECONOMIC GROWTH, 1969–2003 AgEcon
Pede, Valerien O.; Florax, Raymond J.G.M.; Holt, Matthew T..
Spatial regression models incorporating non-stationarity in the regression coefficients are popular. We propose a spatial variant of the Smooth Transition AutoRegressive (STAR) model that is more parsimonious than commonly used approaches and endogenously determines the extent of spatial parameter variation. Uncomplicated estimation and inference procedures are demonstrated using a neoclassical convergence model for United States counties.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Spatial autoregression; Smooth transition; Spatial econometrics; STAR; GWR; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Labor and Human Capital; Political Economy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C21; C51; R11; R12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/48117
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A SURVEY OF MACROECONOMICS AND AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Choe, Young Chan.
In 1973, the Bretton-Woods Agreement collapsed and the U.S. dollar was allowed to float. Since then, agricultural economists have paid considerable attention to the relationship between agriculture and the macroeconomy. Indeed, the magnitude of macroeconomic policy impacts on agriculture have been among the most important and hotly disputed issues in agricultural economics during the past decade (Schuh 1974, 1976; Chambers, 1981; Rausser 1985; Orden 1986III). This paper undertakes a critical survey of previous literature on the macroeconomics of agriculture. The main controversies will be outlined and priorities for future research will be discussed. How agricultural variables are related to macroeconomics variables, and how government policies affect...
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/11209
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Abstracts of Selected Papers, NAREA Annual Meetings, Burlington, Vermont, June 7-10, 2009 AgEcon
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Political Economy; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Public Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55550
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ADAM SMITH'S GLOBALIZATION (BUT ANTI-SECULARIZATION) THEORY AgEcon
Alvey, James E..
In the Western world the voices calling for a secular society have grown ever louder over the last three centuries. In addition to these normative advocates, various social scientists have propounded the "secularization thesis"; after analysing history from a purportedly positive view, they have argued that "modernization" leads to a secular society. Recently globalization has been seen as another cause of secularization. At the same time, the revival of various religions has cast doubt on these claims. In this paper we return to one of the founders of modernity for guidance. Adam Smith advocated globalization on economic and moral grounds. He did not see secularization as an inevitable consequence of globalization. Further, despite his awareness of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23716
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ADAM SMITH'S OPTIMISTIC TELEOLOGICAL VIEW OF HISTORY AgEcon
Alvey, James E..
Adam Smith's four-stage theory provides the framework for his writings on history. The fourth stage is the commercial epoch; the culmination of history in this stage is a key component in the conventional interpretation of Adam Smith as a prophet of commercialism. In two historical case studies Smith shows the capacity of commercial society to regenerate itself. This potent capacity suggests that commercial society is inevitable. At a certain point in time it also overcomes the major obstacles to its permanence. Smith's philosophy of history anticipates the end of history views of Kant and Hegel.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23708
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ADAM SMITH'S VIEW OF HISTORY: CONSISTENT OR PARADOXICAL? AgEcon
Alvey, James E..
The conventional interpretation of Adam Smith is that he is a prophet of commercialism. The liberal capitalist reading of Smith is consistent with the view that history culminates in commercial society. The first part of the article develops this optimistic interpretation of Smith's view of history. Smith implies that commercial society is the end of history because 1) it supplies the ends of nature that he identifies; 2) it is inevitable; and 3) it is permanent. The second part of the article shows that Smith has some dark moments in his writings where he seems to reject completely such teleological notions. In this more civic humanist mood he confesses that commercial society does not supply the ends of nature, nor is it inevitable, nor is it permanent....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23710
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Adjustment of Conventional PSE's Methodology for Economy in Transition AgEcon
Shick, Olga.
The conventional PSE's methodology doesn't provide adequate estimation of agricultural support for the economy in transition. In this paper we attempt to adjust PSE's methodology for Russian economy, and also coefficients' analysis and interpretations are adapted for transitional conditions. Investigation showed that the level of agricultural support in Russia is much lower than conventional methodology estimates.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: PSE; Transition; Adjusted methodology; Russia; Agriculture; Political Economy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24780
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Adjustment Policies and the Current Account Balance: Empirical Evidence from Sudan AgEcon
Bannaga, Alamedin A..
The paper seeks to assess the impact of adjustment reforms on Sudan taking the current account balance as policy performance indicator. The paper shows that the government own reforms were more effective than those imposed by the IMF or the World Bank. It further illustrates that both policy and non-factors are responsible to the same degree in deriving current account deficit in the long run specifically inefficiency in exchange rate policy and structural and demographic factors.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30546
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Adjustment Policies in the United States AgEcon
Blandford, David.
Principal adjustment programs are reviewed – unemployment insurance (UI) and related long-term programs for displaced workers, and trade adjustment assistance (TAA). None of these programs has had wide application in agriculture, although the current trade act contains a new program specifically for farmers.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15734
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Agrarpolitische Interessen Frankreichs und Deutschlands – Gemeinsamkeiten und Divergenzen unter sich ändernden Rahmenbedingungen AgEcon
Ahrens, Heinz; Lippert, Christian.
The aim of this contribution is to examine how the French and the German positions on agricultural policy have developed since the foundation of the EEC and what the driving forces were behind. The “general consensus” underlying the EEC treaty, and according to which the common market would be “conquered” by France in the case of the classical agricultural products, could not be translated into practice; for what emerged for these products was not a customs union but a “price support union”. As a consequence French intra-community agricultural exports had to be redirected to the world market. Thus initial positive French income transfers via intracommunity trade were transformed into transfers from the EC budget, an evolution that can be interpreted as a...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: CAP; Agricultural policy; European Union; France; Germany; EEC Treaty; Price cuts; Quantitative restrictions; Agenda 2000; Agricultural and Food Policy; Political Economy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98761
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Agricultural and Rural Capital Markets in the EU Candidate Countries: Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Turkey AgEcon
Bojnec, Stefan.
Factor Markets Coordination: Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), Brussels, Belgium
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Capital market; Agriculture and rural areas; European Union; Candidate countries; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Political Economy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117489
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Agricultural and Rural Labour Markets in the EU Candidate Countries of Croatia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Turkey AgEcon
Bojnec, Stefan.
Factor Markets Coordination: Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), Brussels, Belgium
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Labour market; Agricultural and rural labour structures; Education; Gender; Unemployment and living conditions in rural areas; Candidate countries; European Union.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Labor and Human Capital; Political Economy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117487
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