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AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF COCA ERADICATION POLICY IN COLOMBIA AgEcon
Moreno-Sanchez, Rocio del Pilar; Kraybill, David S.; Thompson, Stanley R..
We estimate an econometric model of coca production in Colombia. Our results indicate that coca eradication is an ineffective means of supply control as farmers compensate by cultivating the crop more extensively. The evidence further suggests that incentives to produce legal substitute crops may have greater supply-reducing potential than eradication.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19833
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An Empirical Evaluation of EU and National Structural Policies in Remote Rural Areas: The Case of Evrytania AgEcon
Psaltopoulos, Demetrios; Efstratoglou, Sophia.
This paper presents an empirical investigation into the effects of European Union structural policy funding in the poor, remote, rural area of Evrytania in Greece. First, the socio-economic profile of the area is presented, followed by a detailed description of structural policy intervention in the study area during 1989-93 period (first Community Support Framework). Subsequently, a regional Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) is used to portray the structural characteristics of the local economy, followed by the estimation of the economic impacts of policy expenditures during the first period of structural funding after the 1988 reforms. Results indicate that the local economy is characterised by a low level of development, lack of integration and generally...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Political Economy.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26415
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An Empirical Evaluation of New Socialist Countryside Development in China AgEcon
Guo, Xiang-Yu; Yu, Zhi-Gang; Schmit, Todd M.; Henehan, Brian M.; Li, Dan.
China prioritized a New Socialist Countryside reform policy in 2005 to address the growing disparities in incomes and living standards between rural and urban populations. These policies are evaluated to provide a base line index of reform concerning farmer, agricultural, and rural economic development. Aggregate index scores are computed to rank provincial progress. Rankings indicate the progression of rural economic reform is moderate, at best, and mostly isolated to well-developed eastern provinces. Reform growth is also uneven across similarly, rural provinces indicating a need for continued attention in these poorer areas. More importantly, as reform efforts continue, the empirical framework established can be used to track relative performance over...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: China; Factor Analysis; New Socialist Countryside; Policy Evaluation; International Development; Political Economy; Public Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49002
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An Empirical Investigation into the Determinants of Trade Policy Bias AgEcon
Hink, Matthew J.; Cardwell, Ryan T.; Lawley, Chad.
There exists an extensive literature that attempts to identify important factors that determine trade policies. An understanding of these important factors could be useful when negotiating trade agreements, especially in agriculture, which is a relatively heavily supported industry. Limao and Panagariya (L&P, 2007) modify Grossman and Helpman’s (G&H, 1994) lobbying model in an attempt to understand why anti-trade bias (as opposed to pro-trade bias, which is predicted by the G&H (1994) model) is the predominant pattern in observed trade policy. L&P (2007) propose that governments seek to reduce inequality between sectors by modifying trade policies in a way that reallocates income from the larger to the smaller sector. We use measures...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural Policy; Trade Policy; Political Economy; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; Q17 Q18.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123837
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An Empirical Investigation of Interproduct Relationships Between Domestic and Imported Seafood in the U.S. AgEcon
Lee, Young-Jae; Kennedy, P. Lynn.
This study seeks to identify interproduct relationships between domestic catfish and a representative selection of imported seafood. In doing so, this study uses multivariate cointegration and structural analyses. Multivariate cointegration analysis suggests that six imported seafood product groupings form a common market with domestic catfish. Structural analysis reveals that 1) domestic and imported catfish are net and gross quantity substitutes; 2) domestic catfish and imported seafood are normal goods; 3) six imported seafood products are identified as gross quantity substitutes for domestic catfish; and 4) according to the derived Allais coefficients, interaction intensities of imported seafood for domestic catfish (from greatest to least) are as...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Catfish; Multivariate cointegration; Quantity substitutability; Seafood imports; Structural analysis; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Financial Economics; Health Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Political Economy; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Public Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; D12; F10; F11; F13.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100516
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An Evaluation of Canadian and U.S. Policies of Log and Lumber Markets AgEcon
Devadoss, Stephen.
The recent lumber trade war between Canada and the United States deals with Canadian stumpage policies, Canada’s log export controls, and U.S. retaliatory duty. This study determines the appropriate level of U.S. countervailing duty (CVD) by employing a vertically interrelated log–lumber model. The theoretical results show that the U.S. CVD can be greater (will be less) than the Canadian subsidy for a vertically related log–lumbermarket (for lumber market only). Empirical results support the theoretical findings in that the U.S. CVD for the log–lumber market (lumber market alone) is 1.55 (0.91) times the Canadian subsidy.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Countervailing duty; Dispute; Log; Lumber; Subsidy; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; F13.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45517
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AN IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF THE FUTURE CAP REFORM ON THE ITALIAN TOMATO SECTOR AgEcon
Arfini, Filippo; Donati, Michele; Petriccione, Gaetana; Solazzo, Roberto.
The Health Check (HC) document traces the path for a new revision of the CAP. The communication content can be summarised in the following points: decoupling at regional and not at historical level, a more intensive modulation mechanism differentiated according to the total volume of subsidy received by the farm and a new implementation of the art. 69. The aim of this paper is to assess the effect of the HC on the farms producing fruits and vegetables in Italy, with a particular emphasis on the processed tomato production. The model based on the PMP approach simulates the regionalisation mechanism and the new modulation per brackets. The analysis carried out on a FADN sample of farms located in Emilia-Romagna region highlights as the HC new measures affect...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Future CAP reforms; Tomato sector; CAP assessment; Agricultural and Food Policy; Political Economy; Q10; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44831
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AN INTEGRATED TERRITORIAL SIMULATION MODEL TO EVALUATE CAP REFORM ON MEDITERRANEAN AGRICULTURE. METHODOLOGICAL PROPOSAL AND FIRST APPLICATIONS IN APULIA REGION (SOUTHERN ITALY) AgEcon
Scardigno, Alessandra; Bazzani, Guido Maria.
The implementation of most recent CAP and water policy reforms calls for simulation analytical tools able to quantify socio-economic and environmental impacts that can be different in terms of regions and farm type. This work proposes a territorial mathematical programming model that integrates hundreds of farm models clustered in a single meta-model at regional level that can be easily standardized having the FADN as the main data source. The tool has been experimentally applied to Apulia region and several simulations have been conducted in scenarios differing in terms of agricultural policies (total decoupling, increase of the modulation rate and introduction of a flat rate system for the Single Farm Payment), price of the water resource, market...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural policies; Water policy reforms; Territorial mathematical programming model.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Political Economy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q18; Q25; Q51..
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44799
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An Open Economy Model of Political Influence and Competition Among Rent Seeking Groups AgEcon
Roe, Terry L.; Yeldan, A. Erinc.
The paper develops a formal model of government's economic decisions as influenced by private agents within the context of neoclassical political economy. The government is assumed to form preferences over interest groups in the economy; in turn these preferences are influenced by the rent seeking behavior of these groups. An open, two-household, two-sector general equilibrium model is constructed to depict an environment in which preference-maximizing (rational) individuals allocate otherwise productive labor to directly unproductive rent seeking activities in order to exert political pressure on the government's choice of policy instruments. With the aid of five comparative-static experiments, the game-theoretic component and the second-best nature of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7499
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An Optimal Size for Rural Tourism Villages with Agglomeration and Club-Good Effects AgEcon
Tchetchik, Anat; Fleischer, Aliza; Finkelshtain, Israel.
Helping to sustain a viable rural sector, rural tourism enjoys public support in many countries. We claim that due to club-good and agglomeration externalities in the rural accommodation market, public support should be integrated in a broader local development policy that regulates the number of accommodation units in a locality. To demonstrate this we extended an equilibrium model that accounts for product differentiation and oligopolistic competition to address club-good and agglomeration effects and applied it to data collected in north Israel. We show that under the prevailing regulation, the number of units is by far higher than the social optimum.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; International Development; Political Economy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93135
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An Overview of Climate Change: What does it mean for our way of life? What is the best future we can hope for? AgEcon
Goodwin, Neva R..
This paper starts with the question of whether climate change will require a significant reduction of consumption among the richer people in the world, and ends with the most optimistic picture the author can conjure up, of the world in the year 2075. That hopeful picture is of a world in which inequalities – among and within nations – have been substantially reduced. The challenges and adjustments confronting humanity in the coming decades provide an opportunity that could be used to mitigate climate change in ways that can improve the circumstances of the poor. Ecological reasons to reduce throughput of energy and materials in economic systems urge the abandonment of high-consumption life-styles. The 21st century will be an era of many losses, but it is...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37711
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Analysing agricultural productivity growth in a framework of institutional quality AgEcon
Ahmed, Mirza Nomman; Maas, Sarah; Schmitz, P. Michael.
This paper addresses the question whether the institutional environment of transition countries in Eastern Europe affects productivity growth in the agricultural sector. Situated in a neoclassical growth framework, a dynamic panel model for the period 1996-2005 provides evidence that poor institutional quality leads to a slowdown in agricultural productivity growth. Productivity growth is limited by a high degree of corruption, which is of particular importance given that corruption has been proven to be most prevalent in Eastern European countries. Moreover, agricultural productivity in countries where privatisation and transferability of land is restricted is found to grow at a slower rate than countries supporting market-oriented land reforms....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Eastern Europe; Transition; Productivity growth; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Political Economy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90793
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Analyzing Effects of the U.S. Duties on Canadian Hard Red Spring Wheat AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Mattson, Jeremy W.; Koo, Won W..
Since the United States imposed antidumping and countervailing duties totaling 14.16 percent on imports of Canadian hard red spring (HRS) wheat, Canadian exports to the United States have nearly stopped. This study examines the impact of the decreased HRS wheat imports from Canada on U.S. wheat prices and producer income. To measure the impacts of the U.S. duties accurately, special attention is paid to issues related to substitutability between HRS and hard red winter (HRW) wheat and third-country effects. Results suggest that the substantial decline in Canadian HRS wheat exports to the United States has increased U.S. HRS and HRW wheat prices and thus farm income.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Antidumping duties; Canadian exports; Countervailing duties; Farm revenue; Hard red spring wheat; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Political Economy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54986
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Analyzing Effects of the U.S. Duties on Canadian Hard Red Spring Wheat. Technical Annex. AgEcon
Baek, Jungho; Mattson, Jeremy W.; Koo, Won W..
This document is the technical annex to the full paper “Analyzing Effects of the U.S. Duties on Canadian Hard Red Spring Wheat” which is available separately.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Antidumping duties; Canadian exports; Countervailing duties; Farm revenue; Hard red spring; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Political Economy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54987
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Applications of Relations and Graphs to Coalition Formation AgEcon
Berghammer, Rudolf; Rusinowska, Agnieszka; de Swart, Harrie.
A stable government is by definition not dominated by any other government. However, it may happen that all governments are dominated. In graph-theoretic terms this means that the dominance graph does not possess a source. In this paper we are able to deal with this case by a clever combination of notions from different fields, such as relational algebra, graph theory, social choice and bargaining theory, and by using the computer support system RelView for computing solutions and visualizing the results. Using relational algorithms, in such a case we break all cycles in each initial strongly connected component by removing the vertices in an appropriate minimum feedback vertex set. So, we can choose an un-dominated government. To achieve unique solutions,...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Political Economy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/12162
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Are Two Economic Instruments Better Than One? Combining Taxes and Quotas under Political Lobbying AgEcon
Finkelshtain, Israel; Kan, Iddo; Kislev, Yoav.
Direct commands, market based, or combined, whichever is the government's mean of intervention, is expected to raise political lobbying and pressure. This study offers a political-economic model of an industry, which is regulated by an integrated system of both direct and market based policies. The model is used for a normative theoretical analysis and as a basis for a structural econometric framework. Exploiting a unique data set that describes the regulations of irrigation water in Israel during the mid eighties by means of quotas and prices, the political and technological parameters of the model are structurally estimated and used to assess the relative efficiency of quotas, prices and integrated regulation regimes.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Political Economy; Natural Resources; Water; Political Economy; D72.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93133
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ARER Guidelines for Manuscript Submission AgEcon
Inside back cover
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Political Economy; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Public Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55554
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ASSESSING EUROPEAN FARMERS’ INTENTIONS IN THE LIGHT OF THE 2003 CAP REFORM AgEcon
Genius, Margarita; Karagiannis, Giannis; Tzouvelekas, Vangelis.
The effects of the 2003 CAP reform on the farmers’ decisions on whether to abandon their farming activity, how much to produce and what to produce are analyzed in the present paper. To this effect data collected for Hungarian, Dutch and Greek farmers on their perceptions about the reform and its effects, and on their production intentions is analyzed using discrete choice models under 3 alternative scenarios for the future produce prices. The discrete choice model applied in the present paper is sequential since farmers are confronted with a sequence of choices. In the first stage, the choice is between abandoning farming or continuing, then those farmers who have chosen to continue are presented with two additional choices related to their level of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CAP; Farmers choices; MTR assesment; Agricultural and Food Policy; Political Economy; Q10; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44849
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Assessing the Economic Impacts of Incorporating Romania's Agricultural and Food Sectors into EU's Customs Union: An Applied General Equilibrium Approach AgEcon
Scrieciu, Silviu Serban.
Join the European Union club implies, among many other policy changes, full integration of Romania's expected to have significant implications for domestic farmers and food processors. The paper constructs a single-country Applied General Equilibrium (AGE) model to investigate the impact of tariff border adjustments on changes in relative prices, production and trade patterns associated with fifteen local agro-food activities. Moreover, the modeling work identifies those agro-food sectors that have the potential to benefit the most from EU enlargement in terms of output effects given that Romanian producers are capable of fully responding to the incentives provided with integration. These mainly include (bovine) live animals and meat products, sugar and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: EU enlargement; Customs union; Agriculture; Romania; AGE modelling; Political Economy; D58; F15; 013.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30543
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Assessing the Economic Impacts of Incorporating Romania's Agricultural and Food Sectors into EU's Customs Union: An Applied General Equilibrium Approach AgEcon
Scrieciu, Silviu Serban.
Joining the European Union club implies, among many other policy changes, full integration of Romania's economy into EU's customs union. This is expected to have significant implications for domestic farmers and food processors. The paper constructs a single-country Applied General Equilibrium (AGE) model to investigate the impact of tariff border adjustments on changes in relative prices, production and trade patterns associated with fifteen local agro-food activities. Moreover, the modelling work identifies those agro-food sectors that have the potential to benefit the most from EU enlargement in terms of output effects given that Romanian producers are capable of fully responding to the incentives provided with integration. These mainly include (bovine)...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: EU enlargement; Customs union; Agriculture; Romania; AGE modelling; Political Economy; D58; F15; O13.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/30583
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