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PEST MANAGEMENT AND FOOD PRODUCTION: LOOKING TO THE FUTURE AgEcon
Yudelman, Montague; Ratta, Annu; Nygaard, David F..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; Production Economics.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16210
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Farmer Participation in Supermarket Channels, Production Technology, and Efficiency: The Case of Vegetables in Kenya AgEcon
Rao, Elizaphan J.O.; Brümmer, Bernhard; Qaim, Matin.
Supermarkets are gaining ground in the agri-food systems of many developing countries. While recent research has analyzed income effects in the small farm sector, impacts on productivity and efficiency have hardly been studied. We use a meta-frontier approach and combine this with propensity score matching to estimate treatment effects among vegetable farmers in Kenya. Participation in supermarket channels increases farm productivity in terms of meta-technology ratios by 45%. We also find positive and significant impacts on technical efficiency and scale efficiency. Supermarket expansion therefore presents opportunities for agricultural growth in the small farm sector, which is crucial for poverty reduction in Africa.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Supermarkets; Technical efficiency; Scale efficiency; Meta-frontier; Meta-technology ratio; Sample selection; Kenya; International Development; Marketing; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; D24; L23; O12; Q12; Q16.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113508
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Do Farm Programs Explain Mean and Variance of Technical Efficiency? Stochastic Frontier Analysis AgEcon
Ranjan, Rahul; Shaik, Saleem; Mishra, Ashok K..
Past literature has examined the importance of farm programs on the volatility and returns on general and agriculture economic growth. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of farm program payments on technical efficiency. The study used aggregate state level panel data from the U.S agricultural sector. Results indicate production increasing with increasing units of inputs. Results from this study indicate that farm program payments play an important role in technical efficiency. For example, farm program payments indicate a negative and positive effect on mean and variance of technical efficiency in the long-run and short-run, respectively
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56365
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Vegetable and Melons Outlook: June 24, 2010 AgEcon
Lucier, Gary; Glaser, Lewrene K..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Potatoes; Tomatoes; Lettuce; Onions; Broccoli; Dry beans; Pinto; Dry peas; Lentils; Direct marketing; Supply; Demand; Prices; Retail; Farm; Fresh; Processing; Canned; Frozen; Wholesale; PPI; CPI; Input prices; Data; Market analysis; USDA; ERS; Economic Research Service; United States Department of Agriculture; VGS339; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing; Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92333
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CONSISTENCY OF QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS IN HARD RED SPRING WHEATS; SUMMARY AgEcon
Dahl, Bruce L.; Wilson, William W..
Greater sophistication of buyers in the wheat market has increased demands for higher quality wheats and focused attention on the consistency of the quality of wheat purchased. In this study, the variability of wheat quality characteristics was examined at different stages of the marketing chain. Variability was measured by variety and at farm and export levels. Comparisons were made with Canada where similar data were available. Different measures of variability were utilized where data were available. Inter-year variability, intra-year variability, and within-lot variability of wheat quality characteristics were measured at different points in the wheat marketing chain in the United States and Canada. Variability of many characteristics was...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Quality; Consistency; Quality Variability; Wheat Export Quality; Farm Production Quality; Wheat Variety Quality; Canada; United States; Production Economics.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23305
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Internationalization and Firm Performance in Agribusiness: Empirical Evidence from European Cooperatives AgEcon
Heyder, Matthias; Makus, Christian; Theuvsen, Ludwig.
The ongoing internationalization of markets has become a major issue also for companies of the agribusiness. Nevertheless, neither the degree of internationalization of agribusiness firms nor the internationalization-performance relationship in the agribusiness sector have been analyzed thoroughly so far. To help fill this void, we use panel data compiled from annual reports and balance sheets to investigate the internationalization as well as the internationalization-performance relationship of 21 leading European cooperatives in the dairy and meat sectors. Our results indicate that internationalization has a significant positive impact on firm performance.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Internationalization; Firm performance; Cooperatives; Dairy industry; Meat industry; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/121847
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The Impact of Precision Agriculture Techniques on Kentucky Grain Farmers' Carbon Footprint AgEcon
Brown, Rachael M.; Dillon, Carl R.; Schieffer, Jack; Shockley, Jordan M..
This study estimates the carbon footprint of a Henderson County, Kentucky grain farmer under different production strategies; traditional farming and precision agriculture technologies. Four constrained optimization, whole farm analysis models were formulated under no-till conditions. One of the models was optimized without utilizing any precision agriculture techniques and was used as a base model to compare the other three models which incorporated precision agriculture technologies (PAT). The three technologies investigated include sub-meter auto-steer, RTK auto-steer and automatic section control (ASC). These models are used to analyze the different production systems to determine if said technologies increase expected net returns and enhance the...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Resource and Environmental Economics; Production Economics; Precision Agriculture; Farm Management; Policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119802
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Cities versus agriculture: Revisiting intersectoral water transfers, potential gains and conflicts AgEcon
Molle, Francois; Berkoff, Jeremy.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water scarcity; Water demand; Water transfer; Water use; Water supply; Water allocation; Environmental effects; Water market; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91817
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Production Economics: Into the 21st Century AgEcon
Carlson, Gerald A..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Production Economics.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/62326
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Oil and Agriculture in the Post-Separation Sudan AgEcon
Siddig, Khalid H.A..
The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which was signed by the government of Sudan and the Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) ended more than 20 years of civil war. According to the CPA, the Sudan’s government has 50% of the oil exploited from the wells existing in the south in addition to the oil produced from the northern wells. The latter represents about 30% of the total oil production in Sudan. In January 2011, the people in southern Sudan have voted for separation from the Sudan and in July 2011 the Republic of South Sudan was officially announced as Africa’s newest state. Now the CPA period is over and the south possesses its entire production of oil, but need to use the export infrastructure that exists in the north to export it. For...
Tipo: Working Paper Palavras-chave: Oil; Agriculture; Sudan; South Sudan; Separation; CGE modelling; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; C6; D5; D6; F1; F2; H5; N5.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122341
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Industrial innovation and economic policy in the Republic of Kazakhstan AgEcon
Titkov, Alexey; Ernazarov, Tahir.
The author outlines the ways how to activate industrial innovation policies of governmental institutions, such as Development Bank of Kazakhstan, Investment Fund of Kazakhstan and National Innovation Fund.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Industrial innovation and economic policy; Resource-based economy; Modernization; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; O38.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94530
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Contracts, Markets, and Prices: Organizing the Production and Use of Agricultural Commodities AgEcon
MacDonald, James M.; Perry, Janet E.; Ahearn, Mary Clare; Banker, David E.; Chambers, William; Dimitri, Carolyn; Key, Nigel D.; Nelson, Kenneth E.; Southard, Leland W..
Production and marketing contracts govern 36 percent of the value of U.S. agricultural production, up from 12 percent in 1969. Contracts are now the primary method of handling sales of many livestock commodities, including milk, hogs, and broilers, and of major crops such as sugar beets, fruit, and processing tomatoes. Use of contracts is closely related to farm size; farms with $1 million or more in sales have nearly half their production under contract. For producers, contracting can reduce income risks of price and production variability, ensure market access, and provide higher returns for differentiated farm products. For processors and other buyers, vertical coordination through contracting is a way to ensure the flow of products and to obtain...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Marketing; Production Economics.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34013
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Influence of production methods and transport distances on the Greenhouse Gas-Balance of organic apple juice AgEcon
Engel, Anna-Maria; Wegener, Jens Karl; Lange, Marco.
Organic farming is the most adequate system for the production of food and other agricultural 9 products to sustain ecological and environmental sources. Ecologically produced foods are 10 becoming more and more popular; accordingly, the demand for organic products is growing. In 11 addition to the renunciation of the use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides, the philosophy of 12 this type of food production includes as well the benefits of seasonal and regional goods such 13 as short ways of production and distribution. 14 In the present study the total emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the production of 15 organic apple juice from two different regions were investigated. The goal of the analysis is to 16 clarify whether extensive agricultural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Apple juice production; Greenhouse gas balance; Transportation; Organic farming; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109319
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FEDERAL-STATE RESEARCH PROGRAMS IN THE ECONOMICS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION - - NEEDS AND PROSPECTS FOR THE FUTURE AgEcon
Sundquist, W. Burt.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Production Economics.
Ano: 1969 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29839
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The environmental component, the farming systems component and the socio-economic component of the final version of the SEAMLESS database AgEcon
Andersen, Erling; Elbersen, Berien S.; Hazeu, Gerard W.; van Diepen, C.A.; Baruth, Bettina; Verhoog, A. David; Terluin, Ida J.; Borkowski, Nina; Janssen, Sander J.C..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58101
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Trends in Pulse and Oilseed Crops in Winter Cereal Rotations in NSW AgEcon
Brennan, John P.; Sykes, John D.; Scott, J. Fiona.
The key aims in this study are to assess the current level of importance of pulse and oilseed (broadleaf) crops in winter cereal rotations in NSW, and to identify recent trends. The production of broadleaf crops has increased in each region of NSW, but different crops have been favoured. Canola has played a key role in southern regions, and chickpea in the northern regions. In many areas, pulse crops have been grown more because of rotational benefits than their direct gross margins. If recent trends continue, the role of broadleaf crops will increase to 25% of the area sown to field crops in NSW by 2020. However, that will only be achieved with a focussed effort in both research and extension activities.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Broadleaf crop; Oilseed; Pulse; Production; Rotation; NSW; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q160.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42506
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Farm performance and support in Central and Western Europe: a comparison of Hungary and France AgEcon
Fogarasi, Jozsef; Latruffe, Laure.
The paper investigates the difference in technical efficiency and in productivity change, and the technology gaps, between French and Hungarian farms in the dairy and cereal, oilseeds and proteinseeds (COP) sectors during the period 2001-2004. The analyses are performed with national FADN data and the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach under each country’s respective frontier and under a metafrontier. Results revealed that in both the dairy and the COP sectors, Hungarian farms’ technology was the more productive, despite a technological deterioration. This suggests technological advantages for large-scale (Hungarian) over small-scale (French) farming in these two sectors. These findings may also be explained by the higher policy support in France....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technology gap; Technical efficiency; Malmquist indices; Subsidies; Farms; Production Economics; P51; D24; Q12.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51053
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Production Risk and Technical Inefficiency in Russian Agriculture AgEcon
Bokusheva, Raushan; Hockmann, Heinrich.
This paper aims to contribute to a better understanding of possible causes of considerable production variability that characterised Russian agriculture during the last decade. The study investigates production risk and technical inefficiency as two sources that influence production variability. Using panel data from 1996 to 2001, an empirical analysis of 443 large agricultural enterprises from three regions in central, southern and Volga Russia is conducted. A production function specification accounting for the effect of inputs on both risk and technical inefficiency is found to describe production technologies of Russian farms more appropriately than the traditional stochastic frontier formulation.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Production risk; Technical efficiency; Panel data; Russian agriculture; Production Economics; D81; Q12.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24610
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Input and Quality Controls: A Stochastic Frontier Analysis of Bangladesh’s Industrial Trawl Fishery AgEcon
Chowdhury, Nanzeen Kawshar; Kompas, Tom; Kalirajan, Kaliappa P..
This paper examines the effectiveness of different management tools, particularly input and quality controls on Bangladesh’s industrial trawl fishery. Results show that the efficiency of industrial trawl fishery comes from multiple owner managed vessels, export oriented vessels and registered vessels that are mainly engaged in double rigger trawling. Results also indicate that freezer vessels with small storage capacity, using small gear are relatively less efficient. This study shows that there is no depletion or reduction in marine fish stock over the period and shrimp vessels are technically more efficient than fish vessels.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Industrial trawl fishery; Input and quality control; Efficiency; Bangladesh; Production Economics; Q22; Q28.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58888
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Assessing willingness to pay for organic products in Africa: the case of Malawi AgEcon
Nkana, Fiskani Esther; Gao, Zhifeng.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61799
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