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Supply Chain Response to Institutional Markets’ Demand for Healthy and Sustainable Food Options AgEcon
Abate-Kassa, Getachew.
Institutional food buyers in the U.S. are increasingly demanding food products that are safe, traceable, healthier, local/regional, or sustainably produced and supplied. These markets consist of schools, universities, hospitals, charities, correction facilities, clubs and other similar organizations that buy goods and services to meet demands of their end-customers (students, patients, prisoners, etc.). These institutions comprise a large portion of the U.S. population. In 2008, the total number of children and adults enrolled in schools throughout the country - from nursery school to college - was estimated at 75.5 million (i.e., 18.7 million in colleges and 56.8 million in schools). This amounts to more than one-fourth of the U.S. population age three...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade; Marketing; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122018
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The Elusive Productivity Effect of Trade Liberalization in the Manufacturing Industries of Emerging Economies AgEcon
Abegaz, Berhanu; Basu, Arnab K..
Using a model that admits variable returns and imperfect competition, we investigate the impact on total factor productivity of trade liberalization in six emerging economies. Regressions based on panel data for 28 three-digit manufacturing industries show that productivity growth is insensitive to tariff reduction. These results are at variance with country-specific studies which, using firm-level data, generally find a positive association between liberalization and productivity growth. While aggregation effects may matter, our results can also be explained thusly: significant productivity gains by latecomers via technological assimilation do take time and require appropriate sequencing of reforms of trade and industrial policies.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94717
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Relationship between Social Capital and Livelihood Enhancing Capitals among Smallholder Farmers in Uganda AgEcon
Abenakyo, Annet; Sanginga, Pascal; Njuki, Jemimah M.; Kaaria, Susan; Delve, Robert J..
Social capital is an important characteristic of a community and is one of the components of the asset pentagon of the sustainable livelihood framework. The study aimed at assessing the levels and dimensions of social capital and how social capital influences other livelihood capitals. A Cross-sectional survey of a random sample of 208 households was conducted in Masindi and Hoima Districts in Uganda to assess the current livelihood conditions and strategies for improving rural livelihoods. An Index of social capital was generated using density of group membership and three levels of social capital where generated i.e. high, medium and low. Two dimensions of social capital (bonding and bridging) were considered. Results showed that households with high...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Relationship; Social Capital; Livelihood Capitals; Smallholder Farmers; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy; Labor and Human Capital; Marketing; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52191
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Farmer-based financing of operations in the Niger Valley irrigation schemes AgEcon
Abernethy, Charles L.; Sally, Hilmy; Lonsway, Kurt; Maman, Chegou.
Presents the results of case-studies of the functioning of four pump-based irrigation systems in the Niger River Valley. Prospects for sustainability are analyzed, especially in the light of the government's policy of promoting irrigator organizations to take over responsibilities for operation and maintenance.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Irrigation management; Irrigation systems; River basin development; Sustainability; Water resources development; Low-lift irrigation; Low-lift pumps; Farmer managed irrigation systems; Farmers' associations; Institution building; Privatization; Performance evaluation; Constraints; Case studies; Financing; Costs; Climate; Food production; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Production Economics; Public Economics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44573
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A Limited Information Bayesian Forecasting Model of the Cattle SubSector AgEcon
Abidoye, Babatunde O.; Lawrence, John D..
The first step towards forecasting the price and output of the cattle industry is understanding the dynamics of the livestock production process. This study follows up on the Weimar and Stillman (1990) paper by using data from 1970 to 2005 to estimate the parameters that characterizes the cattle output supply. The model is then used to estimate forecast values for the periods 2006 and 2007. Bayesian limited information likelihood method is used to estimate the parameters when endogeneity exists between these variables. The forecasting ability of the model for a two-step ahead forecast for majority of the variables are relatively good and test statistic of the forecast are reported.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cattle; Bayesian; Forecasting; Inventory; Slaughter; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Production Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/53051
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Fertilizer Demand for Biofuel and Cereal crop Production in the United States AgEcon
Acheampong, Kwame; Dicks, Michael R..
The emergence of biofuel production has impacted almost all sectors of the agricultural industry and the general economy and has produced a large body of research into how increased production of biofuels will impact the agricultural sector and the general economy. All research is in agreement that total biomass production will be required to increase to meet food and fuel demands. The increase in biomass will, of necessity, require increased use of fertilizers. Research on fertilizer demand has been scarce over the last decade. Because of the recent increase in the demand for grain crops and livestock in an era with little excess capacity in commodity production, the pressure to increase output will fall to increased use of fertilizers. In addition,...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Nitrogen demand; Corn production; Fertilizer prices; Biofuel production.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119798
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The Impact of Biofuel Mandates and Switchgrass Production on Hay Markets AgEcon
Acheampong, Kwame; Dicks, Michael R.; Adam, Brian D..
The Renewable Fuel Standard mandate in the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 requires 16 billion gallons out of 36 billion gallons of ethanol be produced from cellulosic feedstocks in 2022, but the mandate was apparently enacted without critical assessments of the agricultural impacts of attempting to achieve energy independence. The feedstock production will likely compete with lands currently used for producing other traditional crops of which hay is likely to be affected the most since it has comparatively lower net returns. Thus ruminant production will consequently be affected greatly. This study uses ordinary least squares (OLS) to estimate and predict Oklahoma hay price which is used as objective value in linear programming (LP) model...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biofuel mandates; Switchgrass production; Hay production; Hay markets.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98797
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The Unbearable Lightness of Regulatory Costs AgEcon
Ackerman, Frank.
Will unbearable regulatory costs ruin the US economy? This specter haunts official Washington, just as fears of communism once did. Once again, the prevailing rhetoric suggests, an implacable enemy of free enterprise puts our prosperity at risk. Like anti-communism in its heyday, anti-command-and-control-ism serves to narrow debate, promoting the unregulated laissez-faire economy as the sole acceptable goal and standard for public policy. Fears of the purported costs of regulation have been used to justify a sweeping reorganization of regulatory practice, in which the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is empowered to, and often enough does, reject regulations from other agencies on the basis of intricate, conjectural, economic calculations. This...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Health Economics and Policy; Industrial Organization; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; Production Economics; Public Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37159
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European Chemical Policy and the United States: The Impacts of REACH AgEcon
Ackerman, Frank; Stanton, Elizabeth A.; Massey, Rachel.
The European Union is moving toward adoption of its new Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals (REACH) policy, an innovative system of chemicals regulation that will provide crucial information on the safety profile of chemicals used in industry. Chemicals produced elsewhere, such as in the United States, and exported to Europe will have to meet the same standards as chemicals produced within the European Union. What is at stake for the U.S. is substantial: we estimate that chemical exports to Europe that are subject to REACH amount to about $14 billion per year, and are directly and indirectly responsible for 54,000 jobs. Revenues and employment of this magnitude dwarf the costs of compliance with REACH, which will amount to no more than...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; Health Economics and Policy; Industrial Organization; International Relations/Trade; Political Economy; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37242
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Farmers Perception and Adaptation to Climate Change: An Estimation of Willingness to Pay AgEcon
Acquah, H. de-Graft; Onumah, Edward E..
This paper assesses farmers’ perception and adaptation to climate change to enhance policy towards tackling the challenges climate change poses to the farmers in Ghana. With regards to farmers’ perception and methods of adaptation, majority of the farmers perceived increase in temperature and decrease in rainfall pattern. Farmers’ level of adaptation was found to be relatively high with majority of the farmers using changing planting dates, different crop varieties, soil conservation and water harvesting as the major adaptation measures to climate change impacts. However, access to water, high cost of adaptation, lack of information, lack of knowledge on adaptation, insecure property rights, insufficient access to inputs and lack of credits were identified...
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Perception; Adaptation; Climate change; Willingnessto pay; Probit regression; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; GA; IN.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120241
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CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR IN INNOVATION ADOPTION PROCESS ON FRUIT MARKET AgEcon
Adamowicz, Mieczyslaw.
It is well documented that regular consumption of fresh fruit contributes to health and well being of people. However, fruit on the market does not always meet consumer expectations. Fresh as well as processed fruit consumption does not increase in Europe and even falls down in some countries. Innovations are one of the factors which can positively influence fruit consumption. Consumers’ choice and acceptance of fruit innovations are the topic of studies in ISAFRUIT integrated project within the frame of European Sixth Framework Programme: Food Quality and Safety 5.4.1. Total Food Chain. Development of new production and processing systems for fruit and fruit products in order to improve quality, safety, convenience, availability, consumer health and...
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Consumption; Fruit safety; Marketing methods; Agribusiness; Marketing; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43192
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Research on Socioeconomic Impacts of Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) in Alberta AgEcon
Adamowicz, Wiktor L.; Arnot, C.; Boxall, Peter C.; Dridi, Chokri; Goddard, Ellen W.; Jordan, M.; Forbes, K.; Laate, K.; Myshaniuk, K.; Parlee, B.; Petigara, M.; Unterschultz, James R.; Zimmer, N..
This report summarizes a series of projects undertaken by staff and students in the Department of Rural Economy which examine various socio-economic aspects of chronic wasting disease and its effect on a range of stakeholders in Alberta. The four projects included exploring impacts on the cervid farming industry, hunters, the general Albertan public, and certain Aboriginal groups. General results from these studies are presented with references that provide a more thorough analysis and discussion.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Chronic wasting disease; Socio-economic impacts; Aboriginals; Farming industry; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Q12; Q26; Q28.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98686
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Chemical Use Reductions in Urban Fringe Agriculture AgEcon
Adelaja, Adesoji O.; Sullivan, Kevin P.; Hailu, Yohannes G.; Govindasamy, Ramu.
Using an augmented profit function framework designed to account for externalities related to chemical use in agriculture, this paper explains the chemical use choices of farmers in an urban fringe farming environment. It further estimates empirical logit models of reduced insecticide, fungicide, herbicide, and fertilizer usage. Results suggest that farmers who perceive their regulatory environment to be strict, who have experienced right-to-farm conflicts, and who have farms larger in size are more likely to reduce their chemical use over time, vis-à-vis other farmers. The results also suggest the importance of other farm structural and business climate factors in determining chemical use reduction choices.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Chemical use; Sustainable agriculture; Herbicides; Fungicides; Fertilizer; Pesticides; Urban fringe; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95646
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A typical application of SEAMLESS-IF at macro level: a trade liberalization scenario applied to the EU AgEcon
Adenauer, Marcel; Kuiper, Marijke H..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57931
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Documentation of model components EXPAMOD and CAPRI AgEcon
Adenauer, Marcel; Perez Dominguez, Ignacio; Bezlepkina, Irina V.; Heckelei, Thomas; Romstad, Eirik; Oude Lansink, Alfons G.J.M..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57918
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The Impact of Weather Cycles and Crop Yield Autocorrelation on Crop Insurance Yield Guarantees AgEcon
Adhikari, Shyam; Belasco, Eric J.; Knight, Thomas O..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Yield Modeling; Crop Insurance; Weather Cycle; Crop Yield Autocorrelation; Agricultural Finance; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103724
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Evaluation of Crop Insurance Yield Guarantees and Producer Welfare with Upward Trending Yields AgEcon
Adhikari, Shyam; Knight, Thomas O.; Belasco, Eric J..
Actual Production History (APH) yields play a critical role in determining the coverage offered to producers by the Risk Management Agency’s (RMA) Yield Protection, Revenue Protection, and Revenue Protection-Harvest Price Exclusion crop insurance products. The RMA currently uses the simple average of from 4 to 10 years of historical yields to determine the APH yield guarantee. If crop yields are trending upward, use of a simple average of historical yields introduces bias into the insurance offering. Using both county and individual insured unit data, we examine the producer impact of APH yield trends for Texas cotton and Illinois corn. Our findings indicate that biases due to using simple average APH yields when yields are trending upward reduce the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Actual Production History; Crop Insurance; Yield Trend; Yield Guarantee; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98855
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YIELD GUARANTEES AND THE PRODUCER WELFARE BENEFITS OF CROP INSURANCE AgEcon
Adhikari, Shyam; Knight, Thomas O.; Belasco, Eric J..
Crop yield and revenue insurance products with coverage based on actual production history (APH) yields dominate the U.S. Federal Crop Insurance Program. The APH yield, which plays a critical role in determining the coverage offered to producers, is based on a small sample of historical yields for the insured unit. The properties of this yield measure are critical in determining the value of the insurance to producers. Sampling error in APH yields has the potential to lead to over-insurance in some years and under-insurance in other years. Premiums, which are in part determined by the ratio of the APH yield to the county reference yield, are also affected by variations in APH yields. Congress has enacted two measures, yield substitution and yield floors,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Actual Production History; Crop Insurance; Sampling Error; Yield Guarantee; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61476
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Cow-Calf Operations in the Southeastern United States: An Analysis of Farm Characteristics and Production Risks AgEcon
Adkins, Tracey S.; Riley, John Michael; Little, Randall D.; Coatney, Kalyn T..
Beef cattle production in the southeastern United States differs in size, practice, and production type from other U.S. regions. Smaller, cow-calf type operations dominate in this region because the climate, forage availability, and other land use practices of farmers make this type of cattle operation more ideal for the Southeast. Cow-calf production, particularly small-herd enterprises, does not typically require the level of intense management compared to other beef operations, thus making it more manageable for those with limited time and labor. This research summarizes the current practices and characteristics that define the Southeastern cow-calf operation as it operates under the new challenges of today’s market and operating environment; it also...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Cow-calf; Cattle production; Triangular distributions; Agribusiness; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/119757
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Competitive Relationship of Three Warm-Season Turfgrass Species AgEcon
Adrian, John L., Jr.; Duffy, Patricia A.; Lloyd, Michael.
The competitive position of three warm-season turf species commonly grown in the South (bermudagrass, centipedegrass, and zoysiagrass) is evaluated for a farm with 100 acres available to allocate to turfgrass-sod production. A multiperiod linear programming model is used to determine optimal mixes of grasses and resulting net returns for a seven-year planning horizon. Within current observable price ranges, variation in the prices of the different grasses has little impact on the profit-maximizing combination of grasses. Bermudagrass, with the shorter production cycle and positive influence on cash flow, dominates the higher-valued, longer-production-cycle alternative grasses. Availability of initial money capital from internal sources does not alter the...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Competitive position; Turfgrass; Multiperiod modeling; Profitability; Net returns; Agribusiness; Production Economics.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90363
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