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A VERSENYKÉPESSÉG ELMÉLETE ÉS GYAKORLATA AgEcon
Jambor, Attila.
Nowadays libraries are full of books on the theory of competitiveness and its measurement possibilities. There is even no accordance, however, among scientists regarding definition and measurement. Large number of approaches and hundreds of measures show the difficulty to exactly define what we mean by competitiveness. Moreover, works summarizing and grouping briefly main lines and measures in the literature are scarce. The aim of this study is to fill this gap, that is, to create a comprehensive report on traditional and innovative theories and measures of competitiveness. The study would like to serve as a theoretical background for enquirers of the topic and for those like to use theoretical approaches in practice when making their own analysis.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Tradícionális és innovative mutatószám rendszer; Pozitív és negatív megközelítés; Traditioanl and innovative measuring methods; Pozitive and negative attitudes; Financial Economics; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43314
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A versenyképesség fogalma és mérési módszerei az agrárgazdaságban AgEcon
Karacsony, Peter.
The examination of competitiveness – thanks to its many definitions and the applied research methods – is a complex task, and this is especially true in the case of agricultural products. The competitiveness of Hungarian agricultural product has to this day been examined by several foreign and Hungarian experts and the results of their examinations have been made public. At the same time very little special literature deals with the different explanations and interpretations of the concept of competitiveness, and the analysis of the suitability of the measurement methods. In my essay I attempt to show the locatable definitions of competitiveness, and to show without aiming for completeness, the measurement methods which are deemed acceptable in special...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Competitiveness; Agrarian economy; Comparative advantage; Profitability; Agribusiness; Production Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54038
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Abstracts of Selected Papers, NAREA Annual Meetings, Burlington, Vermont, June 7-10, 2009 AgEcon
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Demand and Price Analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Political Economy; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Public Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55550
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Abstracts: Proceeding of National Seminar on "Integrated Rural Development and Management: Issues, Strategies and Policy Options" AgEcon
This document is a collection of 157 abstracts received during the National Seminar on "Integrated Rural Development and Management: Issues, Strategies and Policy Options" held at the IRDM Faculty Centre of Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University during 17-18 December, 2010
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Sustainable Agriculture; Rural Health; Rural Education; Women and Child Education; Human Resource Development; Rural Development Administration; Corporate Social Responsibility; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Public Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98255
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Access Issues for Plant Breeders in an Increasingly Privatized World AgEcon
Lindner, Robert K..
There is a growing trend to widespread privatisation of crop breeding, and there are grounds for expecting this trend to continue and even to accelerate. Possible consequences for Australian grain growers and the national interest of much greater private sector involvement in plant breeding are explored. Growing privatisation and commercialisation of plant breeding will lead to increased competition between plant breeders. While this increased competition has been at least partly driven by the potential for value creation, it also is likely to enhance value creation from plant breeding so long as there is adequate continuing investment in the capacity for plant breeding, and more particularly in productivity enhancing enabling technology. In the event of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Privatisation; Plant breeding; Access; Enabling technologies; Competition policy; Excludable public goods.; Crop Production/Industries; Production Economics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57909
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Acreage Decision under Price & Yield Uncertainty AgEcon
Lee, Young-Jae; Kennedy, P. Lynn; Brian, Hilbun.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Crop Production/Industries; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103334
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ADJUSTING FARM PRODUCTION THROUGH A GRASS AND LIVESTOCK PROGRAM: A NEW LOOK AT AGRICULTURAL PROGRAMS AgEcon
Bottum, J. Carroll; Dunbar, John O..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Production Economics.
Ano: 1954 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/17400
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Adopción de prácticas de conservación de suelos, en la pequeña agricultura de Chile Central AgEcon
Jara-Rojas, Roberto; Bravo-Ureta, Boris E.; Diaz Osorio, Jose.
Published by Asociación de Economistas Agrarios de Chile
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Technology adoption; Soil conservation; Poisson regression; Peasant farmers; Chile.; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97379
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Adopting Organic Agriculture: An Investigation Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour AgEcon
Hattam, Caroline.
Certified organic production by small-scale farmers in developing countries is increasingly promoted as an opportunity to access a growing and dynamic market, while at the same time, enhance productivity and improve incomes. Nevertheless, adoption has been limited. The economics literature suggests profitability is the main constraint, however, the sustainable agriculture literature is inconclusive and considers attitudes of significant importance. Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour, this study investigates the psychological barriers to adoption using small-scale avocado producers from Michoacan, Mexico as a case study. The data is obtained from a household study carried out during 2004 and is modelled using an ordered probit model. Despite positive...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic agriculture; Theory of planned behaviour; Entry barriers; O13; Production Economics; Q12; D8.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25269
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Adoption and impact of an award winning post-harvest technology: The ASI rice thresher in the Senegal River Valley AgEcon
Diagne, Mandiaye; Demont, Matty; Diagne, Aliou.
In Senegal, one of the highest rice import-dependent countries in Sub-Saharian Africa, double cropping is recommended in the new national program for the Great Offensive for Food and Abundance (GOANA) to boost rice production. This target impels the respect of cropping calendar by using improved technologies like the ASI thresher-cleaner. The causal or treatment effect framework (ATE and LATE) is used to estimate the ASI adoption rate and impact. The results show that the true ASI adoption rate would be 86 % if all the population of irrigated rice farmers were exposed to it. The socioeconomic characteristics that increase the probability to adopt the ASI thresher are farmer experience, farm size, and participation to ASI field experiments and/or contact...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Adoption; Impact; ATE; LATE; Senegal River Valley; ASI thresher; Agricultural and Food Policy; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50323
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Adoption and impacts of zero tillage as a resource conserving technology in the irrigated plains of South Asia AgEcon
Erenstein, Olaf; Farooq, Umar; Malik, R.K.; Sharif, Muhammad.
The recent stagnation of productivity growth in the irrigated areas of the Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia has led to a quest for resource-conserving technologies that can save water, reduce production costs and improve production. The present synthesis of two detailed country studies confirmed widespread adoption of zero tillage (ZT) wheat in the rice-wheat systems of India’s Haryana State (34.5% of surveyed households) and Pakistan’s Punjab province (19%). The combination of a significant “yield effect” and “cost-saving effect” makes adoption worthwhile and is the main driver behind the rapid spread and widespread acceptance of ZT in Haryana, India. In Punjab, Pakistan, adoption is driven by the significant ZT-induced cost savings for wheat...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Zero tillage; Rice; Wheat; Water conservation; India; Pakistan; Haryana; Punjab; Agribusiness; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91816
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Adoption and Profitability of Breeding Technologies on United States Dairy Farms AgEcon
Khanal, Aditya R.; Gillespie, Jeffrey M..
Adoption decisions and profitability of advanced breeding technologies are analyzed for U.S. dairy farms. The bivariate probit with selection model is used. Results show that specialized, younger, more educated farmers with longer planning horizons are more likely to adopt the technologies, with positive impacts on profitability and negative influences on cost of production.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Breeding technologies; Dairy; Profitability; Bivariate probit; Selection; Artificial insemination; Sexed semen; Embryo transfer; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98574
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Adoption of Best Management Practices to Control Weed Resistance By Cotton, Corn, and Soybean Growers AgEcon
Frisvold, George B.; Hurley, Terrance M.; Mitchell, Paul D..
This study examined adoption of ten best management practices (BMPs) to control weed resistance to herbicides. Using data from a survey of 1,205 U.S. cotton, corn, and soybean growers, count data models were estimated to explain the total number of practices frequently adopted. Ordered probit regressions were used to explain the frequency of individual BMP adoption. Growers practicing a greater number of BMPs frequently (a) had more education, but less farming experience; (b) grew cotton, (c) expected higher yields relative to the county average; and (d) farmed in counties with a lower coefficient of variation (CV) for yield of their primary crop. Yield expectations and variability were significant predictors of the frequency of adoption of individual...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Weeds; Herbicide; Resistance management; Corn; Cotton; Soybeans; Adoption; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Q12; Q16.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49432
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Adoption of Cover Crops and Its Effect on Nitrogen Use by Farmers AgEcon
Gabrielyan, Gnel; Chintawar, Sachin; Westra, John V..
With increasing environmental concerns, increasing population, changing tastes and preferences of consumers towards healthier foods, and with more food safety requirements, agronomic practices have changed gradually to provide not only food and fiber but also public goods and other beneficial services from agriculture. Cover cropping is one type of technology increasingly being adopted by producers of multifunctional agriculture. Cover crops provide a range of benefits, both private and public. In this paper we identify factors affecting farmers’ choice to adopt cover crops. We examine the impact on nitrogen use from adopting cover crops and the resultant decrease in input costs. Using a two-stage approach that incorporates endogeneity of adoption in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cover crops; Nitrogen usage; Technology adoption; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56520
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Adoption of Improved Maize and Common Bean Varieties in Mozambique AgEcon
Lopes, Helder.
Household adoption of new agricultural technologies, including improved maize and bean varieties in Mozambique, is still relatively low. As a result, the average maize and common bean production remains low. This study identifies factors that are associated with households’ adoption of improved maize and bean varieties, using Trabalho de Inquérito Agrícola (TIA) 2007 data and the probit model to estimate the likelihood of household adoption of improved varieties of maize and common beans at both the national and regional levels. At the national level, the results indicate that household head’s education, access to extension services and credit are associated with the household’s adoption decision. However, association membership is negatively associated...
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Production Economics; Productivity Analysis; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97838
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ADOPTION OF PRECISION AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY IN MISSISSIPPI AgEcon
Hudson, Darren; Hite, Diane.
Precision application technology has been an important topic in agriculture in recent years. This technology has the promise to improve farm management through improved information and control over in-field variability of soil characteristics and productivity. Despite this apparent promise, recent studies have shown that adoption has been low. However, little is known about the adoption of this technology in Mississippi or the reasons for or against adoption as seen through the eyes of the producer. This survey was designed to collect basic information on producer perceptions about precision agriculture technology and to assess potential reasons for or against adoption.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Production Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15787
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Adoption of Technology, Management Practices, and Production Systems in U.S. Milk Production AgEcon
Khanal, Aditya R.; Gillespie, Jeffrey M.; MacDonald, James M..
We examine U.S. dairy farmer adopter characteristics and adoption rates of eleven technologies. Excepting grazing, technologies were generally adopted complementarily. Four were used on higher percentages of farms in 2005 than 2000. The interaction of farm size with adoption suggests greater percentages of milk being produced under each, excepting grazing.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Technically Complementary; Technology; Management Practices; Production System; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries; Production Economics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56496
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Advanced Biofuel Production in Louisiana Sugar Mills: an Application of Real Options Analysis AgEcon
Darby, Paul M.; Mark, Tyler B.; Detre, Joshua D.; Salassi, Michael E..
In order to more fully study the risks and uncertainty involved in cellulosic ethanol production, we examine a simulated plant in South Louisiana using Real Options Analysis
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Real options; Risk; Uncertainty; Cellulosic ethanol; Energy cane; Sorghum; Bagasse; Simulation; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Risk and Uncertainty; Q42; Q14; Q16; D81; G31.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103747
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Agency Theory Issues in the Food Processing Industry AgEcon
Boland, Michael A.; Golden, Bill B.; Tsoodle, Leah J..
The objective is to identify significant determinants of performance for food processing firms over the 1992 to 2003 time period, focusing particularly on the issue of family control. Variables measuring firm effects such as asset size, governance, income distribution, and risk are used to explain return on equity. This study builds upon previous research by including a measure of income distribution in the food processing industry. Governance variables are found to be significant determinants of return on equity. The results found no evidence of agency problems in family-controlled firms during this time period.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Institutional economics; Organizational economics; Agribusiness; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Production Economics; D23; G34; Q13; Q14.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47203
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Aggregation Issues in the Estimation of Linear Programming Productivity Measures AgEcon
Shaik, Saleem; Mishra, Ashok K.; Atwood, Joseph A..
This paper demonstrates the sensitivity of the linear programming approach in the estimation of productivity measures in the primal framework using Malmquist productivity index and Malmquist total factor productivity index models. Specifically, the sensitivity of productivity measure to the number of constraints (level of dis-aggregation) and imposition of returns to scale constraints of linear programing is evaluated. Further, the shadow or dual values are recovered from the linear program and compared to the market prices used in the ideal Fisher index approach to illustrate sensitivity. Empirical application to U.S. state-level time series data from 1960-2004 reveal productivity change decreases with increases in the number of constraints. Further,...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Aggregation; Share-weights; Single and multiple output and input; Malmquist productivity index; Malmquist total factor productivity index; Agribusiness; Production Economics.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/101783
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