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Registros recuperados: 165
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U.S. Consumers’ Valuation of Quality Attributes in Beef Products AgEcon
Abidoye, Babatunde O.; Bulut, Harun; Lawrence, John D.; Mennecke, Brian; Townsend, Anthony M..
A sample of U.S. consumers were surveyed in a choice based experiment in the Fall of 2005 and Spring 2006 to elicit consumers’ preferences for quality attributes in beef products. Based on the resulting data, a random coefficients logit model is estimated, and consumers’ willingness to pay for these quality attributes in beef products is obtained. The results indicate that consumers have strong valuation for traceability, grass-fed, and U.S. origin attributes in a standard rib-eye steak and are willing to pay a premium for these attributes.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Choice experiment; Conjoint analysis; Quality attributes; Random parameters; Consumer/Household Economics; Marketing; Q10; Q1.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100645
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Co-integração entre os mercados spot e futuro: evidências dos mercados de boi gordo e soja AgEcon
Abitante, Kleber Giovelli.
One of the measures of future markets’ efficiency is its linkage with the spot market. The objective of this paper is to verify the existence of a statistical linkage between spot market and the Brazilian Mercantile & Future Exchange (BM&F) live cattle future market and between spot market and the BM&F and Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) soybean future market. In addition, an efficiency indicator for the BM&F live cattle future market was estimated. With regard to live cattle, the daily time series used was price of the future contracts with maturity month between January/05 and November/05 and for soybean, the price of the future contracts used was with maturity between March 2005 until September 2005 and November 2005. Concerning live...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Cointegration; Futures markets; Soybean; Live cattle.; Agribusiness; C32; Q1; Q11.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61272
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Effects of the Conservation Reserve Program on Elevator Merchandising Margins in Oklahoma AgEcon
Adam, Brian D.; Hong, Seung Jee; Dicks, Michael R..
The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) takes cropland out of production for 10 years, reducing grain supplies available to elevators. Results suggest that the program has negatively impacted elevator merchandising margins, but that elevators adjusted rather quickly to CRP changes, making most of the adjustment within 1 year. The reduction in margins reflects an element of pressure on agribusiness that has not been measured in previous studies.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Conservation Reserve Program; Country elevators; Land retirement programs; Merchandising margins; Q1; Q2; D4; L1.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42835
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Determining Key Factors of Influence on the Profitability of Retaining Cull Cows Beyond Culling AgEcon
Amadou, Zakou; Raper, Kellie Curry; Ward, Clement E.; Biermacher, Jon T.; Cook, Billy.
Factors influencing the profitability of retaining and feeding cull cows beyond culling were investigated. First, a price response function is estimated using 19 years of monthly price data as reported by Agricultural Market Services (AMS). Net returns are then estimated using data from a three year cull cow feeding experiment conducted at The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation and used to examine the relative effect of various factors on net returns. Results showed the importance of average daily gain increases across feeding periods while feeding system is also an important contributing factor to net returns.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries; Marketing; Q1.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98790
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Capital Use Intensity and Productivity Biases AgEcon
Andersen, Matthew A.; Alston, Julian M.; Pardey, Philip G..
This is a substantially revised version of “Capital Use Intensity and Productivity Biases.” Andersen, Matt A.; Alston, Julian M.; Pardey, Philip G., St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics; University of Minnesota, International Science and Technology Practice and Policy (InSTePP), 2007. (Staff paper P07-06; InSTePP paper 07-02)
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: U.S. agriculture; Pro-cyclical productivity; Capital utilization; Primal productivity bias; Productivity Analysis; D24; C51; Q1; O4; O47.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93143
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Climate Change and Agriculture: Economic Impacts AgEcon
Antle, John M..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Q1; Q2; Q3; Q4.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/94495
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ECONOMETRIC-PROCESS MODELS FOR INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AgEcon
Antle, John M.; Capalbo, Susan Marie.
This paper develops the conceptual and empirical basis for a class of empirical economic production models that can be linked to site-specific bio-physical models for use in integrated assessment research. Site-specific data are used to estimate econometric production models, and these data and models are then incorporated into a simulation model that represents the decision making process of the farmer as a sequence of discrete or continuous land use and input use decisions. This discrete/continuous structure of the econometric process model is able to simulate decision making both within and outside the range of observed data in a way that is consistent with economic theory and with site-specific bio-physical constraints and processes. An...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Bio-physical models; Integrated assessment; Production models; Dryland grain production; Econometric-process models; Production Economics; C5; Q1; Q2.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29234
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FARM-LEVEL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOUTHERN NEBRASKA FARMS/RANCHES WITH ANNUALLY-PLANTED CROPS AgEcon
Antle, John M.; Capalbo, Susan Marie; Heggem, Christine N.; Clark, Richard T.; Norton, Nancy A.; Selley, Roger A..
The information presented in this report represents data collected from farming and ranching operations in the southern two tiers of counties in Nebraska. This study was based on a random sample of 151 southern Nebraska farms that have annually-planted crop acreage. Information was obtained for the 1997 crop year. This data set is referred to as the MSU/UNL survey data. From the MSU/UNL survey data, the average size of the farming operations in the survey, in 1997, was 1,316 acres. Of these, 856 acres were planted to annual crops, and the remaining 460 acres included 61 acres in fallow, 29 acres in hay, 287 acres in range and pasture, 28 acres in CRP, and 55 acres in other uses. Operation size was largest in the west, due mostly to a large number of range...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Field-scale production data; Southern Nebraska farm survey; Average farm size; Irrigated and dryland grain corn; Soybeans; Sorghum; Winter wheat; Livestock operations; Production Economics; Q1.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29243
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Aquaculture and Fisheries Interactions: Implications for the Global Supply of Fish AgEcon
Arnason, Ragnar.
Aquaculture, or more generally fish farming, and fisheries interact in several different ways. First, many types of fish farming require fish products as inputs, mostly for feeding purposes. Second, farmed fish and wild fish products compete in fish markets with consequences for both the industry and, of course, consumers. Third, fish farming generates various types of polluting agents that may affect wild fish stocks and their habitat. Several other interactions exist. This paper is primarily concerned with the implications of the first of these interactions, namely the input relationships, for the overall supply of fish products in the future. To the extent that the fish farming industry demands wild fish products such as fish meal, fish oil, etc....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Fisheries; Aquaculture and fisheries interactions; Global supply of fish; Livestock Production/Industries; Q0; Q1; Q2.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55996
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Water Policy and Sustainability of Irrigated Farming Systems in Italy AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Bazzani, Guido Maria; Gallerani, Vittorio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
The objective of this paper is to provide an analysis of the sustainability of irrigated agriculture in Italy in the context of CAP reform and Water Framework Directive. The work combines scenario analysis, multicriteria mathematical programming simulation models and economic, social and environmental indicators. Five irrigated farming systems were considered: cereals, rice, fruit, vegetables and citrus. The results show the diversity of Italian irrigated farming systems and the trade-off between socio-economic and environmental performance. This highlights the need for a differentiated application of the Water Framework Directive, balancing water conservation and rural development objectives.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Water framework directive; Irrigation; Economic models; Sustainability indicators; Scenarios; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q1; Q2; Q25.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24518
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Using Information from Mid Term Evaluations of RDP for the Multicriteria Analysis of Agri-environmental Schemes AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Finn, J.; Kurz, Isabelle; Samoggia, Antonella; Viaggi, Davide.
This paper discusses how environmental indicators and multicriteria methodologies can support the ex post evaluation of Agri-Environmental Schemes. The paper is based on information from the Mid term evaluation of the Rural Development Programmes and develops around an example that compares Ireland and Emilia-Romagna. The results show that the application of Agri-Environmental Schemes only partially achieves to local objectives, and the way in which the Agri-Environmental Schemes are implemented can be reasonably improved. However, the tentative analysis emphasizes the scarcity of quantitative data that can be related to effectiveness, the lack of predetermined quantitatively defined target levels of objectives and the difficulty to assess the relative...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental schemes; Mid term evaluation; Multifunctional agriculture; Indicators; Multicriteria analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q1; Q18; Q2.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24738
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Contract Design and Targeting for the Production of Public Goods in Agriculture: The Impact of the 2003 Cap Reform AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Gallerani, Vittorio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
The objective of this paper is to compare different ways of designing agri-environmental contracts and to set targeting under adverse selection, comparing conditions before and after CAP reform 2003. The results suggest that the present contract structure may be relevantly improved through a more accurate design and a clearer target. The reform, through the decoupling mechanism, will contribute to reduce the opportunity cost of the adoption of agri-environmental measures. This may increase the optimal amount of public goods produced by agriculture and will encourage participation by farmers. However, in order to properly exploit the new conditions brought by the 2003 reform, it is necessary to review the way agri-environmental payments are assigned and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental schemes; Contracts; Multifunctional agriculture; CAP reform; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q1; Q18; Q2.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24559
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Effects of Manure Use and Use Restrictions on Variable Production Costs and Net Incomes for U.S. Corn Producers AgEcon
Beckman, Jayson F.; Livingston, Michael J..
We utilize a treatment effects model to examine if there are differences in costs/profits for manure-using corn producers versus non-users. We find that manure users have lower peracre operating costs via reductions in fertilizer and soil conditioner costs; however, the use of manure reduces grain yields and ultimately leads to no difference in profit. Separate results indicate that manure-use restrictions do not affect costs or profits; thus policies could be in place to regulate manure usage without impacting the costs/profit structure of the farm.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Nutrient management; Treatment effects; Micro-data; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Q1.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/120450
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Strategic Decision Making Under Uncertainty: Innovation and New Technology Introduction during Volatile Times1 AgEcon
Boehlje, Michael; Roucan-Kane, Maud.
www.ifama.org
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Deere and Company; Uncertainty; Real option; Organizational structure; Option; Risk; Innovation; Industrial Organization; Risk and Uncertainty; Q1.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92576
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Effects of volatile output prices on agricultural land-use change AgEcon
Boere, Esther; Peerlings, Jack H.M.; Reinhard, Stijn; Kuhlman, Tom; Heijman, Wim J.M..
Volatile output prices lead to a fluctuating shadow price (profitability) of agricultural land, and therefore may impact land use decisions in case of risk-averse behaviour. In this paper we assess the effect of volatile agricultural output prices on agricultural land-use change over the past decade in the Netherlands. Using regional data from 2000 through 2009, the number of hectares of land for 10 land uses was calculated. To determine the joint distribution of agricultural activities, hectares of land for each land use were converted to land share equations. Land share equations were estimated to determine the contribution of increased price volatility to land use change. Results show that larger volatility affects land shares negatively. Producer’s...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Land-use; Risk; Price volatility; Risk and Uncertainty; Q1; D8.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122472
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Price Transmission and Marketing Margins in the Slovenian Beef and Pork Markets During Transition AgEcon
Bojnec, Stefan.
As in many other transition countries processing and marketing margins are also larger in the Slovenian meat market than respective margins in market economies. In addition, margin of the Slovenian pork chain is greater than in the beef chain. Its decline in the pork market indicates an adjustment to more competitive markets. Co-integration models are applied to estimate vertical price transmission and to examine margins and degree of competition in the meat marketing chains. Results indicate the existence of a long run equilibrium regarding vertical price transmission in the beef and pork sectors. Both the farm-gate beef and pork prices are identified as weakly exogenous in the long run. The structural tests imposing a homogeneity restriction suggest a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Price transmission; Marketing margin; Co-integration; Competition; Marketing; D4; L1; C3; Q1.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24789
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The future of the European Common Agricultural Policy : a new philosopy ? AgEcon
Boussard, Jean-Marc.
While the recent commodity price crisis brings questions regarding the general developement path of the CAP since 1992, this paper envisages returning to Rooseveltian recipes, after modernization.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Common Agricultural policy; Price volatility; State intervention; Market failure; Supply management.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Production Economics; Public Economics; Risk and Uncertainty; H1; Q1; E3..
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44423
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CHANGING STRUCTURES IN THE BARLEY PRODUCTION AND MALTING INDUSTRIES OF THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA AgEcon
Buschena, David E.; Gray, Richard S.; Severson, Ethan.
Substantial changes have taken place recently in the regulation of agricultural trade in North America. The effect of these changes on trade in agricultural commodities is of particular interest to producers and policymakers in the Northern Plains and Rockies region. In this paper, we discuss specifically the malt barley production, malting, and brewing industries in light of these new trade agreements and their ramifications. We evaluate the incentives that free trade provides for mergers between barley malting firms, and then we assess the consequences of these mergers on the realized gains from trade for consumers, barley producers, and malting firms. The globalization of markets has fundamentally changed the world in which economic agents operate....
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Malting barley; Industry concentration; Free trade agreement; Industrial Organization; Q1; F1.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/29168
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Lessons Learned in the Southern Region after the First Year of Implementation of the New Commodity Programs AgEcon
Campiche, Jody L.; Harris, Wesley L..
The development of the commodity programs in the 2008 Farm Bill involved the origination of two complex revenue support initiatives. The two new programs, Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE) and Supplemental Revenue Assurance (SURE), expanded the risk management tool kit of agricultural producers. The SURE program is a permanent disaster assistance program, whereas the ACRE program is a revenue-based commodity program offered as an alternative to the price-based Direct and Counter-Cyclical Program (DCP) created in the 2002 Farm Bill. For the 2009 signup, only 7.7% of eligible U.S. farms enrolled in the ACRE program. In the southern region, three states had no farms electing ACRE and four others had less than 50. Excluding Oklahoma, less than 1% of all...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Farm policy; Food Conservation and Energy Act of 2008; Average Crop Revenue Election Program (ACRE); Supplemental Revenue Assistance (SURE); Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Political Economy; Q1.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92587
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Optimal Control of Spreading Biological Invasions: For How Long Should We Apply the Brake? AgEcon
Carrasco, Luis Roman; MacLeod, Alan; Knight, John D.; Baker, Richard; Mumford, John D..
Identifying the optimal switching point between different invasive alien species (IAS) management policies is a very complex task and policy makers are in need of modelling tools to assist them. In this paper we develop an optimal control bioeconomic model to estimate the type of optimal policy and switching point of control efforts against a spreading IAS. We apply the models to the case study of Colorado potato beetle in the UK. The results demonstrate that eradication is optimal for small initial sizes of invasion at discovery. High capacity of the agency to reduce spread velocity for several years leads to smaller total overall costs of invasion and makes eradication optimal for larger sizes of initial invasion. In many cases, it is optimal to switch...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Barrier zone; Biosecurity; Dynamic optimization; Eradication; Leptinotarsa decemlineata; Pest risk analysis; Reaction-diffusion.; Risk and Uncertainty; Q1; Q28; Q57.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50940
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