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Registros recuperados: 165
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The future of the European Common Agricultural Policy : a new philosopy ? AgEcon
Boussard, Jean-Marc.
While the recent commodity price crisis brings questions regarding the general developement path of the CAP since 1992, this paper envisages returning to Rooseveltian recipes, after modernization.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Common Agricultural policy; Price volatility; State intervention; Market failure; Supply management.; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Production Economics; Public Economics; Risk and Uncertainty; H1; Q1; E3..
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/44423
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The Impact of Global Warming on U.S. Agriculture: An Econometric Analysis of Optimal Growing Conditions AgEcon
Schlenker, Wolfram; Hanemann, W. Michael; Fisher, Anthony C..
We link farmland values to climatic, soil, and socioeconomic variables for counties east of the 100th meridian, the historic boundary of agriculture not primarily dependent on irrigation. Degree days, a non-linear transformation of the climatic variables suggested by agronomic experiments as more relevant to crop yield gives an improved fit and increased robustness. Estimated coefficients are consistent with the experimental results. The model is employed to estimate the potential impacts on farmland values for a range of recent warming scenarios. The predictions are very robust and more than 75% of the counties in our sample show a statistically significant effect, ranging from moderate gains to large losses, with losses in the aggregate that can become...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Q1; Q2; C5.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25094
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The Impact of Rising Food Prices on the Poor AgEcon
Zezza, Alberto; Davis, Benjamin; Azzarri, Carlo; Covarrubias, Katia; Tasciotti, Luca; Anriquez, Gustavo.
This paper analyzes the household level impact of an increase in price of major tradable staple foods in a cross section of developing countries, using nationally representative household surveys. We find that, in the short term, poorer households and households with limited asset endowments and access to agricultural inputs will be hit the hardest by the price shock. Given the ample degree of heterogeneity among households and among the poor, the analysis emphasizes the importance of meaningful policy research to go beyond average impacts to look at how access to assets and inputs, livelihood strategies and other key household characteristics drive the magnitude and distribution of the effects of the price increases.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food prices; Poverty; Welfare; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; I3; O12; Q1.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51696
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The Impacts of Farm Financial Structure on Production Efficiency AgEcon
Lambert, David K.; Bayda, Volodymyr V..
Farm financial structure may affect both short- and long-run input usage, thereby affecting farm efficiency. Any inefficiencies arising from the choice of inputs can be magnified over time as credit constraints continue to affect input usage. In a panel of 54 North Dakota crop farms, efficiency and debt structure were related. Intermediate debt was found to be positively related to farm technical efficiency, and short-term debt was negatively associated with technical efficiency. Use of intermediate-term debt was positively associated with farm-scale efficiency, whereas no significant relationship was found between short- and long-term debt and scale efficiency.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Data envelopment analysis; Farm credit; Farm efficiency; Financial structure; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Production Economics; Q1; Q12; Q16.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/43738
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The Incidence of Agricultural Subsidies on Farmland Rental Rates: Overcoming Bias From Inertia, Expectations, and Tenancy Arrangements AgEcon
Hendricks, Nathan P.; Janzen, Joseph P.; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C..
Recent studies indicate that the effect of government subsidies on rental rates for farmland may be lower than once thought and lower than predictions from theory. However, there are still a number of unresolved issues in estimating subsidy incidence econometrically. We identify three such issues, inertia, expectations, and tenancy arrangements, and employ panel data from the state of Kansas to resolve them. Our econometric model suggests that subsidy incidence on rental rates is low in the short run, but consistent with predictions from theory in the long run.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm subsidies; Incidence; Cash rents; Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use; Q1; H5.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61469
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The Japanese Market for Imported Fruit Juices AgEcon
Feleke, Shiferaw T.; Kilmer, Richard L..
The objectives were to analyze the competitiveness of countries exporting fruit juices into Japan and simulate the effect of the negative Japanese population growth rate on fruit juice demand. The relative price version of the Rotterdam demand model was estimated for orange, grapefruit, other citrus, apple, pineapple and grape juices. Results indicate that most exporters can’t increase market share through price reductions. Product promotion and product differentiation is a more plausible option. The growth of fruit juice demand in Japan is expected to decrease over the period 2006 through 2020 for 11 of the 18 fruit juice/country combinations because of negative population growth rate.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Competitiveness; Fruit juice; Japan; Rotterdam model; Population decline; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; Q1.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92551
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The Survival of Small-scale Agricultural Producers in Asia, particularly Vietnam: General Issues Illustrated by Vietnam's Agricultural Sector, especially its Pig Production AgEcon
Tisdell, Clement A..
Economic growth in more developed countries has resulted in farms increasing their scale of production and becoming more specialized in their production. The sizes of farms have tended to increase, agricultural production has become more capital-intensive, and the percentage of the workforce employed in agriculture has shown a falling trend. This process has been brought about by the operation of market systems and has reduced the number of small-scale agricultural producers. Asia still has a huge number of small-scale agricultural producers. As Asian countries experience economic growth and as market systems become more established in Asia, the survival of Asia’s small-scale agricultural producers is likely to be threatened. Since these producers are...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural policies; Asia; Economies of scale; Farm sizes; Household agriculture; Industrial agriculture; Pigs; Vietnam; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; Q1; Q11; Q12; Q15; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90625
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Theme Overview: Addressing the Obesity Challenge AgEcon
Muth, Mary K..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Obesity; BMI; Nutrition; Food choices; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; I1; Q1.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/95746
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Too Connected to Fail: The Effect of Alliance Network Structure on Farm Survival AgEcon
Kirwan, Barrett E.; Martens, Andrea.
Exogenous, unobserved factors often confound the effects of alliance networks. More capable farmers might be less likely to exit and more likely to have a large number of alliances. In this case the negative correlation between alliance network size and exit likelihood is due to the unobserved confounder--farmer ability--not the effect of network size on exit likelihood. Recognizing the endogeneity of alliance network size when determining a farm’s survival likelihood, we employ an empirical model that accounts for the bias caused by unobserved effects. We account for time-invariant unobserved effects with individual fixed effects. We control for county-level confounding factors with a time-varying county effect. Finally, we address unobserved,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Networks; Alliances; Agriculture; Policy; Organizational structure; Industrial organization; Finance; Entrepreneurship; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; Risk and Uncertainty; L1; L14; L26; Q1; Q14; Q18.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103573
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Toward Better Defining the Field of Agribusiness Management AgEcon
Ng, Desmond W.; Siebert, John W..
www.ifama.org
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness management; Authority; Bounded rationality; Diversified growth; Resources.; Agribusiness; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q1.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92566
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Trade-offs between Shopping Bags Made of Non-degradable Plastics and Other Materials, Using Latent Class Analysis: The Case of Tianjin, China AgEcon
Chan-Halbrendt, Catherine; Fang, Di; Yang, Fang.
www.ifama.org
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: White pollution; Plastic bag ban; Conjoint choice experiment; Willingness to pay; Latent class analysis; China; Degradable plastics; Cloth; Paper; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q1.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92561
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Trading Down? The Impact of Recession on Meat Consumption AgEcon
Pruitt, J. Ross; Raper, Kellie Curry.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Marketing; Q1.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56535
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Um estudo das deliberações da Câmara Setorial do Açúcar e do Álcool, usando análise de correspondência AgEcon
Goncalves Junior, Carlos Alberto; Alves, Yony Brugnolo; Shikida, Pery Francisco Assis; Staduto, Jefferson Andronio Ramundo; Freire Junior, Weimar da Rocha.
This article discusses the deliberations of the Sectional Council of Productive Chain of Sugar and Alcohol of Agricultural, Live-stocking farming and Supply Department. The main actions of the Council is study occurred in the sense of requesting alters in the technologic, institutional and organizational environment aiming a fall of dealing costs, mainly in relation to the informational level of the members. Through the multivariate analysis, it is noticed that most of the meetings of the Council deals with the requests in relation to the alterations in the institutional environment, mainly to what relates to the taxes aspects.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Sectional Council; Sugar and alcohol sector; New Institutional Economy; Correspondence analysis.; Agribusiness; Q1; L52.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60819
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U.S. Consumers’ Valuation of Quality Attributes in Beef Products AgEcon
Abidoye, Babatunde O.; Bulut, Harun; Lawrence, John D.; Mennecke, Brian; Townsend, Anthony M..
A sample of U.S. consumers were surveyed in a choice based experiment in the Fall of 2005 and Spring 2006 to elicit consumers’ preferences for quality attributes in beef products. Based on the resulting data, a random coefficients logit model is estimated, and consumers’ willingness to pay for these quality attributes in beef products is obtained. The results indicate that consumers have strong valuation for traceability, grass-fed, and U.S. origin attributes in a standard rib-eye steak and are willing to pay a premium for these attributes.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Choice experiment; Conjoint analysis; Quality attributes; Random parameters; Consumer/Household Economics; Marketing; Q10; Q1.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/100645
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Using Distance Education in Graduate Programs AgEcon
Featherstone, Allen M.; Brummett, Lynnette M..
There has been much hype around online education creating a revolution in education. Studies analyzing the use of distance education at the graduate level have been limited. This article uses Kansas State University's Master of Agribusiness program as a case study. Educational theory related to a distance environment is studied. Development and technology issues related to the Master of Agribusiness program are presented followed by survey information from students. Appropriate administrative and management practices that govern a program are essential to the success of the program.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Graduate degree program; Online education; Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession; A2; A23; Q1; M2.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6535
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Using Information from Mid Term Evaluations of RDP for the Multicriteria Analysis of Agri-environmental Schemes AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Finn, J.; Kurz, Isabelle; Samoggia, Antonella; Viaggi, Davide.
This paper discusses how environmental indicators and multicriteria methodologies can support the ex post evaluation of Agri-Environmental Schemes. The paper is based on information from the Mid term evaluation of the Rural Development Programmes and develops around an example that compares Ireland and Emilia-Romagna. The results show that the application of Agri-Environmental Schemes only partially achieves to local objectives, and the way in which the Agri-Environmental Schemes are implemented can be reasonably improved. However, the tentative analysis emphasizes the scarcity of quantitative data that can be related to effectiveness, the lack of predetermined quantitatively defined target levels of objectives and the difficulty to assess the relative...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agri-environmental schemes; Mid term evaluation; Multifunctional agriculture; Indicators; Multicriteria analysis; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q1; Q18; Q2.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24738
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Using Value Priorities to Explain Differences in Attitudes towards Genetically Modified Food AgEcon
Springer, A.; Tsioumanis, Asterios; Papastefanou, G.; Mattas, Konstadinos.
During the last few years the public has become in general more ambivalent towards new technologies and while expecting technological innovation to make their life better, they still old concerns about possible adverse effects deriving from the use of these technologies. The present paper offers a comparative approach on two European member countries concerning attitudes towards genetically modified food. The paper focus on values because previous research has shown that socio-economic factors can only partially explain differences in attitudes towards genetically modified food. Strong national differences lead to the idea that cultural differences should also be taken into account. Following the approach of Schwartz, the scope of this research paper is to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Attitudes towards genetically modified food; Attitude formation; Cultural differentiation; Value; Consumer/Household Economics; Q1; Z1.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24657
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Volatile world market prices for dairy products - how do they affect domestic price formation: The German cheese market AgEcon
Weber, Sascha A.; Salamon, Petra; Hansen, Heiko.
Since the stepwise reduction of intervention prices combined with watered down conditions and suspended export refunds, respectively, the EU dairy industry faces new challenges regarding wild price fluctuations originally caused in third countries. In the past, the EU domestic market was insulated as far as possible from world markets. However, today global prices could affect prices even at the level of consumers, but more directly at the level milk producers. Volatility noticeable increased with the price peak in 2007, followed by the drop in 2008, and a new price boost in 2010. Additionally, reduced security in marketing of butter and skimmed milk powder led to higher processing share of cheese which is not only exported but also increasingly consumed...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Price transmission; Cointegration; Granger-causality; Dairy; Risk and Uncertainty; C1; E3; E6; F3; Q1.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122542
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Water Policy and Sustainability of Irrigated Farming Systems in Italy AgEcon
Bartolini, Fabio; Bazzani, Guido Maria; Gallerani, Vittorio; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide.
The objective of this paper is to provide an analysis of the sustainability of irrigated agriculture in Italy in the context of CAP reform and Water Framework Directive. The work combines scenario analysis, multicriteria mathematical programming simulation models and economic, social and environmental indicators. Five irrigated farming systems were considered: cereals, rice, fruit, vegetables and citrus. The results show the diversity of Italian irrigated farming systems and the trade-off between socio-economic and environmental performance. This highlights the need for a differentiated application of the Water Framework Directive, balancing water conservation and rural development objectives.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Water framework directive; Irrigation; Economic models; Sustainability indicators; Scenarios; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; Q1; Q2; Q25.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/24518
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Weather Vulnerability, Climate Change, and Food Security in Mt. Kilimanjaro AgEcon
Muamba, Francis; Kraybill, David S..
This study estimates the impact of rainfall variation on livelihood in Mt. Kilimanjaro using the Ricardian approach to capture farmers’ adaptation strategies to cope with climate change risks. The data for the analysis were gathered from a random sample of over 200 households in 15 villages and precipitation from rainfall observation posts placed in each of the surveyed villages. The precipitation data provide information on the effect of moisture at critical months in the growing season. Due to prevalence of intercropping among local farmers, the present study develops a multivariate model that assumes endogeneity between crop yields. Doing so allows the study to capture adaptation strategies that smallholders use by diversifying farm portfolio. The...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Climate Change; Precipitation Variability; Food Security; Irrigation; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Q1; Q5.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61655
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