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Registros recuperados: 122
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The Benefits of a Rules-Based Maize Marketing Policy: Results of an Experimental Study of Zambia AgEcon
Abbink, Klaus; Jayne, Thomas S.; Moller, Lars C..
• Strategic interaction between market players affects the performance of grain markets and the risk of food crises. Strategic dilemmas can arise if traders don’t trust government announcements on future maize purchases or if the government does not trust stock estimates provided by the private sector. • Government “pre-commitment” (announcing in advance how and when it will operate in the market and then behaving in a consistent manner) is found to produce superior welfare outcomes to “discretionary intervention” whereby the government operates in an unpredictable and ad hoc manner in markets. Situations of food shortage and over-supply were much more frequent under a discretionary policy environment because of the risk of poor coordination between the...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Maize; Marketing; Crop Production/Industries; Q20.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54636
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Dynamic Pathways into and out of Poverty: A Case of Small Holder Farmers in Zambia AgEcon
Banda, Diana J.; Hamukwala, Priscilla; Haggblade, Steven; Chapoto, Antony.
The study surveyed 127 households from Central, Eastern, Luapula, Northern, and Southern Provinces of Zambia. The primary objective was to explore life-trajectory patterns and key drivers of welfare change. Households were classified based on long term poverty dynamics i.e., how they perceived their welfare compared to that of their parents with the major focus being on households that were better off (BO) than both the parents (parents of head and spouse) and those that were worse off (WO) than both parents were. Poverty was mainly defined from the communities' own perspectives and entailed exploring reasons perceived by participants for decline or improvement in people’s well-being in their communities. The hypotheses that factors such as household...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Zambia; Poverty; Small Holder Farmers; Agricultural and Food Policy; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/113649
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Macroeconomic adjustment and agricultural performance in Southern Africa: a quantitative overview AgEcon
Bautista, Romeo M..
"February 1996." Includes bibliographical references (p. 29-30).
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Macroeconomics -- Models; Economic development; Agricultural development -- Africa; Southern; Malawi; Tanzania; Zimbabwe; Zambia; International Development.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97768
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Smallholder Income Diversification in Zambia: The Way Out of Poverty? AgEcon
Bigsten, Arne; Tengstam, Sven.
This paper investigates the relationship between income diversification and income change within Zambian smallholder households, and investigates what the constraints of income diversification are in this group. A panel data set of roughly 7000 smallholder farmer households interviewed in 2001 and 2004 is used. Different combinations of the four main income generating activities – farm income, agricultural wage work, non-agricultural wagework, and own-business income – are analyzed.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Policy; Zambia; Africa; Smallholder; Income; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54490
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Smallholder Income Diversification in Zambia: The Way Out of Poverty? AgEcon
Bigsten, Arne; Tengstam, Sven.
1) One can achieve poverty reduction in rural areas of Zambia by both growth and inequality reduction, but growth must be the main driver; 2) Rural income growth does not come from agriculture alone so options to diversify income are very important and should be pursued; 3) But careful attention is required to focus on improved endowments and reduced constraints facing households trying to improve agriculture directly as well as trying to improve possibilities of income diversification away from agriculture; and 4) Land per labourer, education, and location (market access and infrastructure) are key dimensions to understand and figure out how to improve.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Small holder; Poverty; Income; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; Q20.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54637
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Cotton Sector Policies and Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa: Lessons Behind the Numbers in Mozambique and Zambia AgEcon
Boughton, Duncan; Tschirley, David L.; de Marrule, Higino Francisco; Osorio, Afonso; Zulu, Ballard.
Research results from SIMA-Department of Statistics and Department of Policy Analysis MADER-Directorate of Economics
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Cotton; Mozambique; Zambia; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55233
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COTTON SECTOR POLICIES AND PERFORMANCE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA:LESSONS BEHIND THE NUMBERS IN MOZAMBIQUE AND ZAMBIA AgEcon
Boughton, Duncan; Tschirley, David L.; Zulu, Ballard; Ofico, Afonso Osorio; de Marrule, Higino Francisco.
Cotton is one of the most important smallholder cash crops in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). How to ensure input supply, credit recovery and competition is a subject of intense policy debate. This paper examines the performance of cotton sector development policies in Mozambique and Zambia. Both countries face the challenge of organizing input supply to farmers in the absence of rural credit markets, and competing in international markets distorted by production subsidies in developed countries. Both countries privatized cotton ginning in the 1990s. Emerging from civil war, Mozambique established geographical monopolies to interlink input and output markets and facilitate credit recovery. In Zambia, the government completely liberalized the cotton sector,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cotton; Mozambique; Zambia; Liberalization; Agricultural policy; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25855
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Asian-driven Resource Booms in Africa: Rethinking the Impacts on Development AgEcon
Breisinger, Clemens; Thurlow, James.
Today’s resource boom in Africa, driven by Asian economic growth, offers new opportunities for resource-rich African countries. Contrary to the experience of previous booms, however, most mining profits now accrue to foreign companies, leaving little room for governments to use revenues for pro-poor investments or to mitigate adverse distributional impacts. Taking Zambia as a case study, this paper shows that despite privatization, Dutch disease remains a valid concern and may hamper economic diversification, worsen income distribution, and undermine poverty reduction strategies. Mining royalties must, therefore, be increased and used to finance growth-inducing investments that encourage pro-poor economic diversification, else many African countries will...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Dutch disease; Resource booms; Privatization; Income distribution; Africa; Zambia; International Relations/Trade; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42351
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Notes on Micractaeon, a monotypic genus of African land snails (Gastropoda Pulmonata: Ferussaciidae?) Naturalis
Bruggen, A.C. van; Winter, A.J. de.
Micractaeon kakamegaensis Verdcourt, 1993 (type loc. Kenya, Kakamega Forest), is a synonym of Pseudopeas koptawelilense Germain, 1934 (type loc. Kenya, Mt. Elgon); the proper name is therefore Micractaeon koptawelilensis (Germain, 1934). New anatomical data are supplied, more or less confirming classification in the family Ferussaciidae. The shell is subject to some considerable variation in size, shape and sculpture. The species appears to be widely distributed in various types of forest in tropical Africa (Ghana, Cameroon, eastern and south-eastern Zaïre, Kenya, Malawi, and eastern Zambia); hypsometrical distribution is generally from c. 950 m to c. 2300 m, although in Ghana it has been collected at altitudes of between < 250 and c. 700 m.
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Gastropoda; Pulmonata; Ferussaciidae; Micractaeon; Africa; Ghana; Cameroon; Zaïre; Kenya; Zambia; Mala?i; Taxonomy; Distribution; 42.73.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/319133
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Factors Affecting Poverty Dynamics in Rural Zambia. AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Banda, Diana J.; Haggblade, Steven; Hamukwala, Priscilla.
Rural poverty rates in Zambia have remained very high, at 80%, over the past decade and a half, whilst urban poverty rates have declined, from 49% in 1991 to 34% in 2006. Redressing this high rural poverty rate remains a government priority in the National Development Programs. However, solutions have proven elusive. Solid empirically based information on dynamics that have improved the welfare of small-scale farm households in Zambia, combined with an agenda for disseminating this information in public discourse, offer prospects for generating a more transparent and pro-poor policy orientation. Using longitudinal data collected from 4,286 households which participated in three nationwide surveys conducted over seven years, in 2001, 2004, and 2008, we...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Poverty Dynamics; Zambia; Rural poverty; Africa; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109888
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Staple food prices in Zambia AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Govereh, Jones; Haggblade, Steven; Jayne, Thomas S..
Prepared for the COMESA policy seminar on “Variation in staple food prices: Causes, consequence, and policy options”, Maputo, Mozambique, 25-26 January 2010 under the Comesa-MSU-IFPRI African Agricultural Marketing Project (AAMP)
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Zambia; Food security; Food prices; Agricultural and Food Policy; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Q11; Q13; Q18.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/58556
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Marketing Policy Options for Consumer Price Mitigation Actions in the 2008/09 Maize Marketing Season in Zambia. AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Haggblade, Steven; Shawa, Julius J.; Jayne, Thomas S.; Weber, Michael T..
1) Maize prices are rising rapidly in 2008 and are fast approaching import parity levels. 2) Maize traders, millers and farmers all agree that Zambia will likely require imports by early 2009 in order to avoid domestic maize supply shortages. 3) Official food balance sheets appear to have underestimated the demand for maize this year. They may also have slightly overestimated the size of the 2007/08 maize crop. Hence the slow government recognition of the need for maize imports. 4) As of late September 2008, neither the Government of Zambia (GRZ) nor the private sector have arranged to import maize from South Africa. Trade sources suggest informal imports from Tanzania are helping to relieve the likely shortfall. 5) Zambian policy makers face a delicate...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Maize; Marketing; Crop Production/Industries; Q20.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54638
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Effects of Maize Marketing and Trade Policy on Price Unpredictability in Zambia AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Jayne, Thomas S..
As events in the 2008/09 season have amply demonstrated, instability in staple food market remains a major problem in Zambia. A rise in world food price levels and instability, which is projected to occur in the near future according to several international institutes, will make it all more important for developing countries to consider the strengths and weaknesses of alternative approaches for buffering their domestic food systems from potential high volatility in world markets. These findings suggest that promoting more “rules based” approaches to...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Zambia; Maize; Trade; Price; Crop Production/Industries; Marketing; Q11.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54499
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Impact of HIV/AIDS-related Adult Mortality on Rural Households' Welfare in Zambia AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Jayne, Thomas S..
This study estimates the impacts of prime-age (PA) adult morbidity and mortality on crop production and cropping patterns, household size, livestock and non-farm income in Zambia using nationally representative rural farm household longitudinal survey data. The findings provide important information to assist policy makers, donors, and development planners in designing interventions to mitigate the impacts of the AIDS on vulnerable households.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; HIV/AIDS mortality; Health Economics and Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54616
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Zambian Farmers’ Access to Maize Markets AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Jayne, Thomas S..
Smallholder farmers’ access to markets and agricultural support services has been a major concern of Zambian policy makers. As with many governments in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Zambian government’s agricultural policies, particularly for maize, have fundamentally been conceived of as a response to perceived market failure and weak access to markets for rural smallholder farmers. However, the conventional wisdom of poor market access is based on extremely limited empirical evidence. This study is motivated by the need to overcome this paucity of empirical evidence and provide policy makers with an up-to-date assessment of smallholder farmers’ market access conditions for maize, the primary food grain in Zambia.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Zambia; Maize Markets; Agricultural and Food Policy; Marketing.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116910
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Characteristics of Individuals Afflicted by AIDS-related Mortality in Zambia AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Jayne, Thomas S..
Studies conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa during the 1980s generally found a positive correlation between socioeconomic characteristics such as education, income, and wealth and subsequent contraction of HIV. However, as the disease has progressed, the relationship between socioeconomic status and HIV contraction may have changed in many areas of Sub Saharan Africa, although there is little hard evidence to support this. This paper seeks to determine the ex ante socioeconomic characteristics of individuals who die between the ages of 15 to 59 years of age, using nationally representative panel data on 18,821 individuals surveyed in 2001 and 2004 in rural Zambia. The findings from this study will help policy-makers and development agencies better...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; HIV/AIDS; Socioeconomic status; Zambia; Health Economics and Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54472
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Trends in Breakfast Meal and Maize Marketing Margins in Zambia AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Jayne, Thomas S..
This paper analyzes the trends in retail maize meal prices and the wholesale-retail margins enjoyed by millers and retailers in Zambia since maize and maize meal prices were decontrolled in the early 1990s. This note summarizes material from a broader study on Zambia’s maize supply chain. The findings from this paper are designed to inform policy discussions aimed at improving household food security and maize market performance in Zambia.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Maize; Crop Production/Industries; Q18.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54618
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Socio-economic Characteristics of Individuals Affected by AIDS-related Prime-age Mortality in Zambia AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Jayne, Thomas S..
This study is designed to help policy-makers and development agencies in the formulation of AIDS prevention and mitigation strategies. The study determines the ex ante socioeconomic characteristics of individuals who die between the ages of 15 to 59 years of age (hereafter called “prime age” mortality), using nationally representative panel data of individuals surveyed in rural Zambia between 2001 and 2004.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; Prime-age mortality; HIV/AIDS; Health Economics and Policy; Q18.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54613
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Characteristics Associated with Prime-Age Mortality in Eastern and Southern Africa: Evidence from Zambia and Kenya AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Jayne, Thomas S.; Kirimi, Lilian; Kadiyala, Suneetha.
Campaigns to prevent the spread of HIV require accurate knowledge of the characteristics of those most likely to contract the disease. Studies conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa during the 1980s generally found a positive correlation between socioeconomic characteristics such as education, income, and wealth and subsequent contraction of HIV. As the disease has progressed, the relationship between socioeconomic status and HIV contraction may have changed, although there is little evidence to support this. An emerging strand of the literature on the AIDS epidemic in Africa posits that poverty is increasingly associated with the spread of the disease. However, this conclusion is somewhat contentious, as other recent studies find mixed evidence of a poverty-AIDS...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Africa; Hiv/aids; Food security; Zambia; Kenya; Consumer/Household Economics; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Q10.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56782
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Security of Widows’ Access to Land in the Era of HIV/AIDS: Panel Survey Evidence from Zambia AgEcon
Chapoto, Antony; Jayne, Thomas S.; Mason, Nicole M..
1. The percentage of households that are headed by widows in rural Zambia increased from 9.4 % to 12.3% between 2001 and 2004. 2. Within 1 to 3 years after the death of their husbands, widow-headed households, on average, controlled 35 percent less land than what they had prior to their husband’s death. 3. To some extent, older widows are protected against loss of land compared to younger widows. 4. Women in relatively wealthy households are particularly vulnerable to losing land after the death of their husbands. 5. Widows whose family has kinship ties to the village authorities are less likely to face a severe decline in landholding size after the death of their husbands. 6. Widows in patrilineal and matrilineal villages are equally likely to lose their...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food policy; Zambia; HIV/AIDS; Land; Health Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Q20.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/54628
Registros recuperados: 122
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